Forts Across the United States

Fort Smith, Arkansas

Fort Smith, Arkansas

There are hundreds of old forts across the nation, ranging from military posts to fortresses established by fur trading companies to private enterprises built solely to protect the pioneers. Though many of these old forts are long gone, there are dozens of others that continue to stand, some restored, some in ruins, and others still currently serving as active posts. While this is not a complete list, we are continually adding to it as we travel and find more information.

 

Fort Laramie is one of the posts established by the American Fur Company, who well-nigh monopolized the Indian trade of this whole region. ” — Francis Parkman

Alabama

Fort Armstrong
Fort Bainbridge
Fort Bibb
Fort Blakeley
Fort Bowyer
Fort Carney
Fort Claiborne
Fort Conde
Fort Crawford
Fort Cusseta
Fort Dale

Fort Gaines
Fort Glass
Fort Hampton
Fort Harker
Fort Hull
Fort Jackson
Fort Landrum
Fort Leslie
Fort Decatur
Fort Easley
Fort Likens
Fort McClellan

Fort Mims
Fort Mitchell
Fort Morgan
Fort Morgan
Fort Rucker
Fort Sinquefield
Fort Stoddert
Fort Strother
Fort Toulouse
Fort Williams
Sulphur Trestle Fort Site

 

Arizona

Fort Verde, Arizona by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

Fort Verde, Arizona by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

Arkansas

Fort Chaffee
Fort Logan H. Roots

Wittsburg Fortification

California

Sutter's Fort, Sacramento, California, 1847

Sutter’s Fort, Sacramento, California, 1847

Fort Rosecrans
Fort Ross 
Fort Tejon
Fort Winfield Scott
Fort Yuma
Presidio of Monterey
Presidio of San Diego
Presidio de San Francisco
Presidio Of Sonoma
Sutter’s Fort

Colorado

ort, Colorado by Kathy Wesier-Alexander

Bents Fort, Colorado by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

Delaware

Fort Casimir
Fort Christina
Fort Delaware

Fort DuPont
Fort Miles

Fort Saulsbury
Harbor Defenses of the Delaware

Florida

Castillo San Marcus, St. Augustine, Florida by Dave Alexander

Castillo San Marcos, St. Augustine, Florida by Dave Alexander

Fort San Lucia
Fort San Marcos de Apalache
Fort San Nicholas
Fort Scott
Fort Shannon
Fort Simmons
Fort St. Andrews
Fort St. Francis de Pupa
Fort Stansbury
Fort Starke
Fort Sullivan
Fort Taylor
Fort T.B. Adams
Fort Thompson
Fort Tonyn
Fort Vinton
Fort Wacahoota
Fort Walker
Fort Walton
Fort Ward
Fort Weadman
Fort White
Fort William
Fort Zachary Taylor
Martello Towers, Key West, Florida
Nicolls’ Outpost
Presidio Isla Santa Rosa Punta de Siguenza
Presidio San Miguel de Panzacola
Presidio Santa Maria de Galve
San Marcos De Apalache
Yellow Bluff Fort

Fort Pulaski, Georgia by the National Park Service

Fort Pulaski, Georgia by the National Park Service

Georgia

Augusta Arsenal
Fort Barrington
Fort Benjamin Hawkins
Fort Benning
Fort Early
Fort Frederica
Fort Gaines
Fort Gillem
Fort Gordon

Fort Hollingsworth–White House
Fort Hughes
Fort James Jackson
Fort King George
Fort McAllister
Fort McIntosh
Fort McPherson
Fort Morris

Fort Morris Historic Site
Fort Oglethorpe
Fort Perry
Fort Pulaski
Fort Scott
Fort St. Andrews
Fort Stewart
Fort Walker

Idaho

Camp Connor
Fort Boise

Fort Lemhi
Fort Sherman

Illinois

Apple River Fort
Fort Armstrong
Fort Beggs
Fort de Chartres

Fort Crèvecoeur
Fort Dearborn
Fort Defiance

Fort Johnson
Fort Lamotte
Fort Massac
Fort Sheridan

Iowa

Fort Dodge (1851-53)
Fort Atkinson

Kansas

Custer House at Fort Dodge, Kansas

Custer House at Fort Dodge, Kansas by Kathy Alexander.

Maine

Battery Steele
Fort Allen
Fort Baldwin
Fort Edgecomb
Fort Foster
Fort George (Brunswick)
Fort George (Castine)
Fort Gorges
Fort Halifax
Fort Kent
Fort Knox
Fort Levett

Fort Loyal
Fort Lyon
Fort Mary
Fort McClary
Fort McKinley
Fort Menaskoux
Fort O’Brien
Fort Pentagouet
Fort Point
Fort Popham
Fort Pownall
Fort Preble

Fort Richmond
Fort Scammell
Fort St. George
Fort Sullivan
Fort Sumner
Fort Western
Fort William Henry
Fort Williams
Forts of Casco Bay
Hancock Barracks
Harbor Defenses of Portland
Harbor Defenses of Portsmouth
Norridgewock

Maryland

Civil War Defenses of Washington
Fort Armistead
Fort Carroll
Fort Cumberland
Fort Defiance

Fort Detrick
Fort Foote
Fort Frederick
Fort Holabird
Fort Howard

Fort Marshall
Fort McHenry
Fort Meade
Fort Sumner
Fort Washington

Massachusetts

Fort Warren, Massachusetts by Doc Searls, Flickr

Fort Warren, Massachusetts by Doc Searls, Flickr

Acushnet Fort
East Point Military Reservation
Eastern Point Fort
Fort Andrew
Fort Andrews
Fort Banks
Fort Dawes
Fort Defiance
Fort Devens
Fort Duvall
Fort Glover
Fort Heath

Fort Independence
Fort Juniper
Fort Lee
Fort Miller
Fort Nichols
Fort Philip
Fort Phoenix
Fort Pickering
Fort Revere
Fort Rodman
Fort Ruckman
Fort at Salisbury Point

Fort Sewall
Fort Standish
Fort Strong
Fort Taber
Fort Warren
Fort Washington
Fort Winthrop
Fourth Cliff Military Reservation
Harbor Defenses of Boston
Harbor Defenses of New Bedford
Huguenot Fort
Russell Garrison

Minnesota

Forest City Stockade
Fort Renville

Fort Ridgely

Fort Snelling (Fort Saint Anthony)

Missouri

Fort D, Cape Girardeau, Missouri

Fort D, Cape Girardeau, Missouri

Fort Zumwalt
Jefferson Barracks
Joseph Robideaux’ Trading Post
Liberty Arsenal
St. Louis Arsenal

Montana

Old Fort Benton, Montana by John Ford Clymer, 1967.

Old Fort Benton, Montana by John Ford Clymer, 1967.

Fort Omaha, Nebraska Building by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

Fort Omaha, Nebraska Building by Kathy Alexander

Nebraska

Camp Sheridan
Fontenelle’s Post
Fort Atkinson
Fort Calhoun
Fort Crook

Nevada

Camp McGarry
Fort Churchill
Fort Halleck

Fort McDermit
Fort Ruby

Fort Schellbourne
Old Las Vegas Mormon Fort

New Hampshire

Fort Constitution, New Hampshire by Alexius Horatius Wikipedia

Fort Constitution, New Hampshire by Alexius Horatius, Wikipedia

Fort Constitution
Fort Dearborn
Fort at Number 4

Fort Stark
Fort Washington
Fort Wentworth

Fort William and Mary
Harbor Defenses of Portsmouth

New Mexico

Fort Sumner
Fort Thorn
Fort Tularosa
Fort Union
Fort Webster
Fort Wingate

New York

Camp Hero State Park
Fort Brewerton
Fort Brown Site
Fort Bull
Fort Carillon
Fort Clinton
Fort Clinton (West Point)
Fort Conti
Fort Crown Point
Fort Dayton
Fort Denonville
Fort Drum
Fort au Fer
Fort Franklin
Fort George
Fort Golgotha and the Old Burial Hill Cemetery
Fort H. G. Wright

Fort Herkimer
Fort Hunter, New York
Fort Klock
Fort de La Présentation
Fort Lévis
Fort Michie
Fort Montgomery (Hudson River)
Fort Montgomery (Lake Champlain)
Fort Niagara
Fort Ontario
Fort Oswego
Fort Porter
Fort Salonga
Fort Schlosser
Fort Schuyler
Fort Slocum

Fort Saint-Frédéric
Fort Stanwix
Fort Terry
Fort Ticonderoga
Fort Tompkins (Buffalo)
Fort Tompkins (Plattsburgh)
Fort Tompkins (Sackets Harbor)
Fort Tyler
Fort Wadsworth
Fort William Henry
Gardiners Point Island
Harbor Defenses of Long Island Sound
Old Stone Barracks
Old Stone Fort
Rogers Island
United States Military Academy

North Dakota

Fort Henry
Fort Lincoln Internment Camp
Fort Lisa
Fort Ransom
Fort Rice

Oklahoma

Oregon

Fort Astoria
Fort Clatsop
Fort Columbia
Fort Colville
Fort Dalles/Fort Lee
Fort Dent
Fort Harney

Fort Henrietta
Fort Hoskins
Fort Klamath
Fort Lawton
Fort Lewis
Fort Nez Perce
Fort Nisqually

Fort Okanogan
Fort Stevens
Fort Townsend
Fort Ward
Fort Worden
Fort George Wright
Fort Yamhill

Pennsylvania

Carnahan’s Blockhouse
Fort Allen – (Carbon County)
Fort Allen – (Westmoreland County)
Fort Antes
Fort Armstrong
Fort Augusta
Fort Bedford
Fort Boone
Fort Bosley
Fort Brady
Fort Crawford
Fort Deshler
Fort Dickinson
Fort Durkee
Fort Duquesne
Fort Freeland

Fort Gaddis
Fort Granville
Fort Halifax
Fort Hand
Fort Hanna’s Town
Fort Horn
Fort Indiantown Gap
Fort Jenkins
Fort Jones
Fort Juniata Crossing
Fort Lafayette
Fort Laughlin
Fort Ligonier
Fort Loudoun
Fort Machault
Fort McClure
Fort McIntosh
Fort Menninger

Fort Mifflin
Fort Muncy
Fort Necessity
Fort Pitt
Fort Presque Isle
Fort Prince George
Fort Reid
Fort Rice
Fort Robert Smalls
Fort Swartz
Fort Venango
Fort Wheeler
Forty Fort
Light’s Fort
Redstone Old Fort
Reed’s Fort
Spark’s Fort

Rhode Island

Camp Varnum
Conanicut Battery
Fort Adams
Fort Barton
Fort Burnside
Fort Church
Fort Dumpling

Fort Getty
Fort Greble
Fort Greene
Fort Kearny
Fort Mansfield
Fort Ninigret

Fort Wetherill
Fort Wolcott
Fort Hamilton
Goat Island/Owl’s Nest
Oak’s Inn Military Reservation
Queen’s Fort

Fort Sumter, South Carolina

Fort Sumter, South Carolina

South Carolina

Battery White
Camp Saxton Site
Castle Pinckney
Fort Charlotte
Fort Frederick Heritage Preserve
Fort Fremont

Fort Howell
Fort Jackson (South Carolina)
Fort Mitchell (South Carolina)
Fort Motte
Fort Moultrie

Fort Prince
Fort Prince George
Fort Sumter
Fort Wagner
Fort Walker

South Dakota

Camp Bradley
Camp Burt
Camp Cheyenne
Camp Collins
Camp Cook
Camp Edwards
Camp George
Camp Jennison
Camp Marshall
Camp Rains
Camp Rapid
Camp Reynolds
Camp Stanton
Camp Success

Camp Terry
Camp Turtle
Camp Warren
Fort Bennett
Fort Brule
Fort Buckingham
Fort Cedar
Fort Dakota
Fort Defiance
Fort Dole
Fort Galpin
Fort Hale
Fort Hutchinson
Fort James
Fort Kiowa

Fort Lookout
Fort Meade
Fort Pierre Chouteau
Fort Randall
Fort Sisseton
Fort Sully
Fort Thompson
Fort Yankton
Post at Grand River Indian Agency
Post at Rosebud Indian Agency
Rapid City Blockhouse
Red Canyon Station
Whetstone Agency

Texas

Fort Henderson
Fort Hood
Fort Houston (Anderson County)
Fort Sam Houston
Fort Inge
Fort Inglish
Fort Lancaster
Fort Leaton
Fort Lincoln
Fort Lipantitlan
Fort Lyday
Fort Maison Rouge
Fort Martin Scott
Fort Mason
Fort McIntosh
Fort McKavett
Fort Merrill
Fort Milam
Fort Parker
Fort Pena
Fort Phantom Hill
Fort Polk
Fort Quitman
Fort Richardson
Fort Ringgold
Fort D. A. Russell
Fort Sabine
Fort Saint Louis

Fort San Jacinto
Fort Stockton
Fort Stubblefield
Fort Tenoxtitlan
Fort Terán
Fort Travis
Fort Trevino
Fort Worth
Fortin de la Cienega
Jowell Family Fort
Lacy’s Fort
Little River Fort
Moore’s Fort
Presidio de la Bahía del Espíritu Santo
Presidio de la Virgen de los Dolores de los Tejas
Presidio de San Agustín de Ahumada
Presidio de San Antonio de Béjar
Presidion de San Elizario
Presidio de San Xavier de Gigedo
Presidio Nuestra Señora de Loreto de la Bahia (Fort Defiance, Fort Goliad)
Presidio de San Saba
Princess Sophia’s Fort

Utah

Cove Fort, Utah

Cove Fort, Utah

Fort Pearce
Fort Robidoux
Fort Utah
Willden Fort

Vermont

Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont courtesy Wikipedia

Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont courtesy Wikipedia

Champlain Arsenal
Chimney Point
Fort Dummer
Fort Ethan Allen

Fort Frederick
Fort Independence
Fort Mott

Fort Ranger
Fort Sainte Anne
Fort Warren

Virginia

Fort Belvoir
Fort Early
Fort Ethan Allen
Fort Eustis
Fort Evans
Fort Farnsworth
Fort A.P. Hill
Fort Huger
Fort Hunt
Fort Jackson
Fort John Custis

Fort Lee
Fort Loudoun
Fort Mattapony
Mayfield Fortification
Fort Monroe
Fort Mattapony
Fort Monroe
Fort Myer
Fort Nelson
Fort Norfolk
Fort Philip Long

Fort Pickett
Fort Pocahontas
Fort Powhatan
Fort C.F. Smith
Fort Ward
Fort Wool
Fort Story
Fort Willard
Fort Winslow
Fort Wool

Washington

American Camp-English Camp
Fort Columbia
Fort Nisqually
Fort Okanogan

Fort Simcoe
Fort Spokane
Fort Steilacoom
Fort Stevens

Fort Townsend
Fort William
Fort Vancouver
Fort Walla Walla

West Virginia

Fort Ashby
Fort Boreman
Fort Capon
Fort Cocke
Fort Cox
Fort Edwards
Fort Forman
Fort Henry

Fort John Parker
Fort New Salem
Fort Ohio
Fort Pearsall
Fort Randolph
Fort Sellers

Fort Seybert
Fort Thomas Parker
Fort Van Meter
Homer’s Fort
New Creek Blockhouse
Prickett’s Fort

Wyoming 

Compiled Kathy Alexander/Legends of America, updated December 2022.

Also See:

Forts & Presidios Photo Gallery

Haunted Forts

Soldiers & Officers in American History

Trading Posts of the Fur Trade