Fort Hanna’s Town, Pennsylvania

 

Dunmires War

Dunmire’s War

Fort Hanna’s Town was established in 1774 in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania during Dunmore’s War, a conflict between the Colony of Virginia and the Shawnee and Mingo Indian tribes.

Hanna’s Town was a village founded in 1773 along Forbes Road, the main route into the Ohio Country from eastern Pennsylvania. It became the first county seat of Westmoreland County and the first English court west of the Allegheny Mountains. It was named for Robert Hanna, an early settler whose tavern also served as Westmoreland County’s first courthouse.

At the time of Dunmore’s War in 1774, Arthur St. Clair directed that a fort be built at Hanna’s Town in preparation for possible Indian attacks. The town became a safe place for travelers, settlers, and those seeking justice and order in the often chaotic environment of the western Pennsylvania colonial frontier.

The fort took on added significance during the American Revolution and became an important center for the recruitment of militia for the western campaigns against the British in Detroit and their Native Americans allies. From early in 1776 there were quarters at the fort for the accommodation of the regulars of the Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment and other militia companies. It also became a supply depot.

In one of the final battles of the war, Hanna’s Town was attacked and burned on July 13, 1782, by a raiding party of Indians and their British allies. Though the village was rebuilt, it didn’t stand a chance after Forbes Road was rerouted through Newton. The town never recovered, and the county seat was moved to Newton, which later became known as Greensburg in 1786. The old town was then converted to farmland.

Hanna's Town Today, courtesy Digging Anthropology

Hanna’s Town Today, courtesy Digging Anthropology

In 1969, the Westmoreland County Historical Society led an investigation of the site and found the exact footprint of the old fort. Today, it the fort and the town has been reconstructed, which include several town buildings, including the Hanna Tavern/Courthouse, three vintage late 18th-century log houses, and the reconstructed fort, blockhouse, and a wagon shed. The site is maintained and operated by the Westmoreland County Historical Society and the Westmoreland County Parks and Recreation Department.

It is located about three miles north of Greensburg, just off Route 119 at 809 Forbes Trail Road in Greensburg, Pennsylvania.

Compiled by Kathy Weiser-Alexander, November 2018.

Also See:

American Forts Photo Gallery

Forts & Presidios Across America

Pennsylvania Forts

Pennsylvania Main Page

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