Fort Gates, Texas


Fort Gates (1849-1852) – Originally called Camp Gates, the post was established by Captain William R. Montgomery on October 26, 1849, as a stockaded United States cantonment on the north bank of the Leon River above Coryell Creek, about five miles east of the site of present-day Gatesville. It was named for Brevet Major Collinson Reed Gates, who won distinction in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. Gates died in Fredericksburg, Tx the same year and is buried at Fort Martin Scott (hat tip to commenter Mark Wieser).

Built to protect the settlers from Indian attacks, the post would contain 18 buildings, including four officers’ quarters, barracks, laundries, storehouses, a guardhouse, baker, blacksmith shop, and more. By 1850, the soldiers and officers numbered about 100 men. By the following year, it had grown to more than 300. In March 1852, the Indian threat had been removed and Fort Gates was the first of the line of posts to be evacuated. Within a few years, the buildings deteriorated and there is nothing left of the fort today.


© Kathy Weiser, updated December 2017.

Also See:

Texas Forts of the Old West

Texas Forts Trail

Texas Main Page

2 thoughts on “Fort Gates, Texas”

  1. Brevet Major Collinson Reed Gates died at Fredericksburg, TX in 1849 is believed to by buried at Fort Martin Scott. – See The 883red graduate of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, NY. Breveted to Major – Register of Graduates and Former Cadets of the United States Military Academy West Point, New York, p. 872.

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