Alabama – The Yellowhammer State

Capitol building in Montgomery, Alabama by Carol Highsmith.

Capitol building in Montgomery, Alabama, by Carol Highsmith.

Alabama Postcard

Greetings from Alabama Postcard, available at Legends’ General Store

Spanish explorers are believed to have arrived at Mobile Bay in 1519, and the territory was visited in 1540 by the explorer Hernando de Soto. The French founded the first permanent European settlement in Alabama at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702. The British gained control of the area in 1763 through the Treaty of Paris but had to cede almost all of the Alabama region to the U.S. and Spain after the American Revolution. The Confederacy was founded at Montgomery in Feb. 1861, and, for a time, the city was the Confederate capital.

Points of interest include the Helen Keller birthplace at Tuscumbia, the Space and Rocket Center at Huntsville, the White House of the Confederacy, the restored state Capitol, the Civil Rights Memorial, the Rosa Parks Museum & Library, and the Shakespeare Festival Theater Complex in Montgomery; the Civil Rights Institute and the McWane Center in Birmingham; the Russell Cave near Bridgeport; the Bellingrath Gardens at Theodore; the USS Alabama at Mobile; Mound State Monument near Tuscaloosa; and the Gulf Coast area.

The Alabama flag features a crimson St. Andrew’s cross on a white field, patterned after the Confederate Battle Flag and adopted in 1895. The bars forming the cross must not be under six inches broad and extend diagonally across the flag from side to side.

The current Seal (1939) is based on the state’s first seal, designed in 1817. It features a map showing one of the state’s most valuable resources—its major rivers. The law does not describe the use of stars in the border, the specific design of the letterforms and the map image, the labeling of adjacent states and the Gulf of Mexico, and the application of colors to the seal.

Enjoy your visit to the Yellowhammer State

Kathy R. Weiser-Alexander
Owner/Editor, Legends of America

©Kathy Alexander/Legends of America, updated March 2024.

Also See:

Destinations Across America

National Parks

United States Geography

U.S. States