One of the Proprietary Colonies, the English colony of Maryland was established in 1634, by Cecil Calvert, also known as the second Lord Baltimore.
General George Washington bestowed the name “Old Line State”, associating it with its regular line troops, the Maryland Line, who served courageously in many Revolutionary War battles.
Maryland’s capitol is in Annapolis, its state bird is the Baltimore Oriole, and its state flower is the Black-Eyed Susan. Maryland is one of the smallest states in terms of area, as well as one of the most densely populated states in the nation.
Maryland is the only state in the union that has a specific guideline on how to display the flag as well as what the flag pole should look like. The Maryland General Assembly, in 1945, passed a code requiring a gold cross bottony ornament for any flag pole carrying the state flag.