What’s New

Enjoy these latest additions to our website:

Ponca Tribe – The Ponca are a Siouan tribe of Nebraska, who were closely related to the OmahaOsageKanza, and Quapaw.

Crush Explosion

Monster Crash At Crush – There once was a town in Texas that existed only for a day, and exclusively for one event. To purposely crash two locomotives head-on.

September Newsletter – Another mountain adventure, Native American Ordeals, Stuckey’s Stuckey’s Everywhere, Two heads are better than one, and more in this month’s newsletter.

San Luis Valley, Colorado – Much of the beautiful landscape remains largely unchanged, where visitors can enjoy mountain biking, scenic hikes, skiing, fishing, camping, and other activities along the Reio grande, the beautiful Sangre de Cristo mountains, and Great Sand Dunes National Park & Preserve.

Bent's Fort Colorado by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

Bent’s Fort – Trading on the Trails(From our Photo Travel Blog) – Bent’s Old Fort is a must-see stop if you are in Southeastern Colorado. The old trading post played a large role on the Santa Fe Trail.

On the Road – Cimarron and the Santa Fe Trail(From our Photo Travel Blog) While we were in the Eagle Nest and Moreno Valley area, we took a trip westward through Cimarron Canyon to the historic Santa Fe Trail at Cimarron, New Mexico.

Costilla, New Mexico Plaza building by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Costilla, New Mexico – Along with nearby Amalia, New Mexico, and Garcia, Colorado, Costilla was founded as a farming and ranching community in the early 1800s.

Questa, New Mexico – A Mining Maven – Located in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, Questa, is a village in northern Taos County. The village is on the Enchanted Circle Scenic Byway, near the confluence of the Rio Grande and the Red River.

Eagle Nest Lake, New Mexico

On the Road – The Beauty & History of New Mexico’s Moreno Valley – In our latest Travel Blog, we revisit the beauty and history of the Moreno Valley.

Wampanoag Tribe – The Wampanoag people were original natives of Massachusetts and Rhode Island.  It was the Wampanoag people who befriended the pilgrims at Plymouth Rock.

Assiniboine Tipis

Assiniboine Tribe – The Assiniboine are a tribe with similar characteristics to the Nakota Sioux. The differences in dialect between the two suggest a time of separation sometime before 1640.

July Newsletter – Magical Shrine in New Mexico, General Order No. 11, Dakota War of 1862, 200th Anniversary of the Santa Fe Trail, and much more in this month’s newsletter.

Tewa Puebloans – The Tewa people are a group of Pueblo tribes belonging to the Tanoan linguistic family. They historically made their homes on or near the Rio Grande north of Santa FeNew Mexico.

Chimayo, NM -El Santuario

Chimayó, New Mexico – Land of Healing – El Santuario de Chimayó, north of Santa Fe, New Mexico, attracts hundreds of thousands each year to its alleged healing earth.

Kansas Transportation History(From our Legends of Kansas pages) From horses to covered wagons, steamboats, and railroads, this is the history of Kansas Transportation.

James H. “Dog” Kelly(From our Legends of Kansas pages) James H. “Dog” Kelley was the Dodge CityKansas mayor when several of the Old West’s most famous lawmen worked under him, including BatJames, and Ed Masterson, as well as Wyatt and Morgan Earp.

Thomas County Courthouse, Colby KansasColby, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas pages) Despite its location, a major drought, and the dust bowl, Colby has held its own in Northwest Kansas as the Thomas County Seat.

Clayton, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas pages) Clayton, Kansas, is a semi-ghost town located primarily in Norton County but also in Decatur County. It is known for a horrific train crash in 1910 that killed and injured many passengers.

William Allen White(From our Legends of Kansas pages) William Allen White was a journalist, author, and one of the best-known men in Kansas during his lifetime.

Edward P. McCabe, first black state auditor for KansasEdward McCabe – Pioneer and Auditor(From our Legends of Kansas pages) Edward P. McCabe was a colonizer of NicodemusKansas, and the first African American to serve as state auditor.

David Hoyt(From our Legends of Kansas pages) Major David Starr Hoyt was a Free-State advocate who was killed by pro-slavery men during the days of Bleeding Kansas.

Junction City, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas pages) It takes its name from its location at the confluence of the Smoky Hill and Republican Rivers, which form the Kansas River.

Vintage Paola, Kansas

Paola, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas pages) By the 1840s, white settlers began to move to the area, and several missionaries lived in and near “Peoria Village.” In 1852, an Italian Priest named Paul D. Ponziglione arrived and renamed the village Paola after a small town on the coast of Calabria, Italy.

Black Friday Flood of 1951(From our Legends of Kansas pages) “Black Friday,” July 13, 1951, still stands as the single greatest day of flood destruction in Kansas.

Big Dam Foolishness at Tuttle Creek(From our Legends of Kansas pages) Though there were 25 floods that damaged the area and cities downstream between the years 1903 to 1959, there was much opposition to building the dam that created the lake.

Cottonwood Falls Kansas

More Kansas Emerging Ghost Towns of the Plains (From our Legends of Kansas pages) :

Cottonwood Falls – The first settlement in the Cottonwood Falls area began in 1854 when an Indian trader named Seth Hays founded a cattle ranch on the Cottonwood River close to the mouth of the Diamond Spring Creak.

Wheeler– Wheeler, Kansas was laid out by the Lincoln, Nebraska Land Company during the building of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad to St. Francis, Kansas in 1887.

Green – Governor Green offered to buy a bell for the first Methodist Church to be established in a town named Green. The bell is still there today.

June Newsletter – Happy Birthday America! Meandering around Kansas, Colonial Williamsburg, Walnut Grove Dam Disaster, and much more! in this month’s newsletter.

St. Francis, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas pages) St. Francis is the county seat of Cheyenne County,  located on the Republican River in the central part of the county.

Randolph, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas pages)  When the Tuttle Creek reservoir began filling up in 1962, it affected ten towns and entirely submerged four of them including Cleburne, Randolph, Garrison Cross, and Stockdale. Of these towns, Randolph was the only one to build elsewhere.

Russell Springs, Kansas – On the Smoky Hill Trail (From our Legends of Kansas pages) The town began in 1865 as the Eaton stop on the Butterfield Overland Despatch stage line. The line ran through rough Indian country along the Smoky Hill Trail that connected Fort Riley, Kansas, with the gold mines in DenverColorado.

Newton, Harvey County Courthouse around 1910

Newton, Kansas – Rowdy Cowtown(From our Legends of Kansas pages) Newton, Kansas, the county seat of Harvey County, got its start when the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad extended a main line from Emporia westward. It was a rowdy town at times, infamous for the Hyde Park Gunfight.

Daniel Wilder – Kansas Journalist and Author (From our Legends of Kansas pages) He came to Kansas in 1857 and settled at Elwood the next year where he edited the Free Press and practiced law. He was one of the founders of the Republican Party in Kansas in 1859.

Samuel Newitt Wood(From our Legends of Kansas pages) Samuel Newitt Wood was a Free-State advocate and politician in Kansas who was killed during the Stevens County War.

Walnut Grove Dam Disaster – A discussion about the research and subsequent book by Jim Liggett about the Walnut Grove Dam Disaster of 1890 that killed up to 100 people in Arizona. (Submission from Desert Roamer Press)

Nathaniel "Texas Jack" Reed

Nathaniel “Texas Jack” Reed – Nathaniel “Texas Jack” Reed was a proficient bank and train robber in the Rocky Mountains and in Oklahoma during the 1880s and 1890s.

Daniel Woodson – (From our Legends of Kansas pages) Daniel Woodson was the first secretary and several times acting governor of the Territory of Kansas.

Wilson Shannon – (From our Legends of Kansas pages) Wilson Shannon was the second Territorial Governor of Kansas.

Samuel Lecompte – (From our Legends of Kansas pages) Samuel D. Lecompte was the first Chief Justice of Kansas Territory.

Israel Donalson – (From our Legends of Kansas pages) Israel B. Donalson was the first United States Marshal of Kansas Territory, a pro-slavery supporter in the middle of the Bloody border war with Missouri.

Gem, Ks - School

Gem – Thomas County Ghost Town(From our Legends of Kansas pages) The area was first called Gem Ranch when it was established on land owned by J.W. Ellsworth. However, when it received a post office on December 14, 1885, it was shortened to Gem.

Fort Hays – Protecting more than just the railroad – (From our Photo Travel Blog) We hit the road to explore more Kansas, and along the way made a re-visit to Fort Hays.

Fort De Chartres, Illinois Gatehouse

Fort de Chartres, Illinois – Fort de Chartres was the 18th Century center of the French civil and military government of the Illinois Country. The Fort de Chartres State Historic Site near Prairie du Rocher, Illinois marks the location of the last of three successive French forts named “de Chartres.”

Fort Sheridan, Illinois – Fort Sheridan, Illinois, was a U.S. Army post established in 1887 in Lake County. First called Camp Highwood, it was soon renamed for Civil War hero General Philip H. Sheridan, who died in 1888.

May Newsletter – A tribute to lost souls, gift from France, an unlucky lawman, strange things afoot near Roswell, and much more in this month’s newsletter.

Louisiana Civil War Battles – A look at the battles and military operations during the Civil War that involved Louisiana.

Jenkins Ferry, Arkansas

Arkansas Civil War Battles – Arkansas raised 48 infantry regiments, 20 artillery batteries, and over 20 cavalry regiments for the Confederacy, mostly serving in the Western Theater.

Eudora(From our Legends of Kansas website) Eudora got its start when a German company from Illinois bought 800 acres from the Shawnee Tribe.

John Day – John Day was a fur trapper and frontiersman who worked for both the Pacific Fur Company and the North West Company.

Francis Branch – Francis Ziba Branch was a sailor, trapper, and trader who worked across the United States.

Charles Larpenteur

Charles Larpenteur – French Fur Trader – Charles Larpenteur was a French fur trader who traveled the American West working for the Rocky Mountain Fur Company and the American Fur Company.

Andrew Henry – Andrew Henry was a military officer, miner, frontiersman, trapper, and businessman.

John L. Hatcher – John L. Hatcher was a frontiersman, explorer, guide, and army scout who made his way throughout the American West in the 19th Century.

David Jackson – David Edward Jackson was a pioneer, explorer, trader, and fur trapper who was well known in the American West.

Damar(From our Legends of Kansas website) Damar was established along the Union Pacific Railroad in 1888 by a community of French Canadians. Some had emigrated from Canada as early as 1871, settling on farms along the Rooks County-Graham County line in northwest Kansas.

Old Iron Town Utah - Furnace

Old Iron Town, Utah – Iron City, Utah was once a busy mining town in the 1870s producing iron for Mormon settlers, railroads, and more near Cedar City. Today it is part of the Frontier Homestead State Park.

Kackley(From our Legends of Kansas website) Today, Kackley still maintains a couple of grain silos and its railroad tracks, but its businesses are gone.

John Gantt – John Gantt was a soldier, trapper, trader, and guide who primarily worked in the Rocky Mountains.

Joseph Goff Gale – Joseph Goff Gale was a trapper, trader, pioneer, and politician.

Pipe Spring Wagon
Pipe Spring National Monument – Pipe Spring National Monument has a long history of bringing peoples to its life-giving waters along the Arizona Strip.

Allen, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas website) The first settler in the area and the county was Charles H. Withington, who located along the old Santa Fe Trail at 142 Mile Creek.

Toronto, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas website) Toronto is a small town in southwest Woodson County, situated on the Verdigris River that got its start in 1869.

Manhattan, Kansas (From our Legends of Kansas website) In March 1855, a group of abolitionists of the New England Emigrant Aid Company traveled to Kansas Territory to found a Free-State town, first called Boston.

April Newsletter – Our 5,300-mile adventure, The shot heard round the world, Oklahoma Land Rush, and much more in this month’s newsletter.

Trading Post, Kansas(From our Legends of Kansas website) Trading Post, Kansas, the first permanent white settlement in Linn County and one of the first in the state, is situated on the Marais des Cygnes River. Though filled with history, the community is a ghost town today.

Bushong, Kansas – Faded Railroad Town –  (From our Legends of Kansas website) The town got its start in 1886 when the Missouri Pacific Railroad built its tracks across Northern Lyon County.

Lowell, Arizona Hat Shop by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

The Rise & Fall of Lowell, Arizona – Lowell, Arizona a small neighborhood Bisbee features a restored mid-century street that is a photographer’s dream.

May, Oklahoma Ghost Town – May, Oklahoma is a semi-ghost town in southern Harper County, that got its start after the Cherokee Outlet Opening of 1893.

Aztec Ruins National Monument – Aztec Ruins National Monument, located in San Juan County, New Mexico, contains the remains of prehistoric Ancestral Puebloan (Anasazi) structures.

A building at the Jemez Pueblo in New Mexico by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico– The Jemez Pueblo in north-central New Mexico is the last remaining pueblo of the Towa-speaking people.

The Charleston Tea Parties – (by Jordan Baker) Boston was not the first to oppose the importation of highly taxed tea. Charleston, South Carolina was the first colonial port to oppose Britain’s tea tax.

Helen J. Stewart: First Lady Of Las Vegas(From author Anthony Dee Varrone) Helen Stewart played a key role in the development of Las Vegas, Nevada, and is dubbed the First Lady of Vegas for her lasting contributions.

Strong Store in Ocate, New Mexico today by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Ocate, New Mexico – Ocate, New Mexico is an unincorporated community and near ghost town in Mora County located on the Santa Fe Trail.

Clifton House, New Mexico– The Clifton House, an important overnight stage stop on the Mountain Branch of the Santa Fe Trail, was located on the Canadian River about six miles south of RatonNew Mexico.

Tiptonville, New Mexico – Extinct on the Santa Fe Trail– Tiptonville, New Mexico, located just northwest of Watrous, was once an independent town that serviced travelers and traders along the Santa Fe Trail.

Ghosts of Lake Mead – Lake Mead National Recreation Area provides numerous recreation areas, but water levels are creating “ghosts” in lost cities, places, people, & buildings.

Extraterrstrial Highway Sign near Crystal Springs by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Extraterrestrial Highway & Area 51– Stretching between Crystal Springs and at Warm Springs, Nevada for about 98 miles, the Extraterrestrial Highway, officially known as State Route 375, closely parallels the northern edges of the Nellis Air Force Range, commonly known as Area 51.

Pioche, Nevada – Wildest Town in the Silver State – Once one of the wildest towns in the American West, Pioche, Nevada is the county seat of Lincoln County.

Caliente, Nevada – Steeped in Railroad History – Caliente, Nevada, a historic railroad town, is a quiet town mountain town, and the only incorporated community in Lincoln County.

Feb/March Newsletter – Our winter trip so far, banking and staging in the old west, westbound from Westport, and much more in this month’s special travel edition of our newsletter.

Camp Naco, Arizona – Camp Naco, Arizona, also called Fort Naco and Fort Newell began as a military camp in southeast Arizona as part of the Mexican Border Project.

John Alexander Martin(From our Legends Of Kansas website)  John Alexander Martin was a Free-State man, newspaper publisher, and the 10th governor of Kansas from 1885 to 1889.

Abram B. Burnett – Potawatomie Chief (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Abram B. Burnett was an Indian chief of the Potawatomie tribe, for whom Burnett’s Mound in southern TopekaKansas is named.

Pardee Butler – Free State Minister  – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Pardee Butler was a pioneer minister in Kansas, who helped the territory become a Free-State.

Charles Jennison – Anti-Slavery Jayhawker(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Charles Ransford Jennison was a physician, soldier, and anti-slavery Jayhawker who fought to make Kansas a Free State during the Bleeding Kansas War and as a Redleg during the Civil War.

Westport, Missouri – Though Westport, Missouri is a neighborhood of Kansas City today, it was once an independent thriving town, from which the CaliforniaOregon, and Santa Fe Trails began and was the site of one of Missouri’s largest Civil War battles.

Inscriptions at El Morro National Monument by the National Park Service.

El Morro National Monument, New Mexico – The monument displays over 2,000 carvings at the base of a sandstone bluff that records the presence of ancient peoples and later travelers who transformed El Morro into a well-preserved historical document.

The First Hawaiians – The Hawaiian Islands were first settled as early as 400 C.E., when Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands, 2000 miles away, traveled to Hawaii’s Big Island in canoes.

Apalachee Home

Apalachee Tribe – The Apalachee are a Native American people who historically lived in the Florida Panhandle. They spoke a Muscogean language called Apalachee, which is now extinct.

Eufaula Tribe – The Eufaula tribe, a Muscogean-speaking people, were part of the Muscogee Creek Confederacy who originally lived in the southeastern United States.

Chinook woman on the beach by Edward S. Curtis, 1910.

Chinookan People – The Chinook Indian Nation continues to engage in a continuing effort to secure formal recognition, conducting research and developing documentation to demonstrate its history.

Kalapuya Family – The Kalapuya Family of Native Americans is a group of tribes that occupied the Willamette River Valley in Oregon that spoke closely related language.

Awatovi Ruins, Arizona – The Awatovi Ruins in northeastern Arizona are an archaeological site on the Hopi Indian Reservation. The site contains the ruins of a pueblo estimated to be 500 years old and those of a 17th-century Spanish mission.

Zinc Barnes – Rich in Ingenuity – (By William Daugherty, 1891) Zinc Barnes was liberal with his bookkeeping but rich in ingenuity.

Pioneer Justice in Nevada – (By William Daugherty, 1891) A Justice of the Peace dispenses justice in Nye County, Nevada.

Snow Bound, Alone, and Surrounded by Wild Varmints – (By William Daugherty, 1891) A prospector is snowbound in Nevada without a gun and is surrounded by wild animals.

Alva Gould – Discoverer of the Famous Gould and Curry Mine – (By William Daugherty, 1891) Alva Gould discovered silver on the ground of the celebrated Gould & Curry Mine on January 6, 1859.

Celebrating the Fourth in Past Boom Towns – (By William Daugherty, 1891) Among the new of the old States, Nevada seems young, yet many pioneers have celebrated for a quarter of a century or more within her borders.

Developing Panamint, California – (By William Daugherty, 1891) The government explorations in Death Valley and the Panamint Range of mountains bordering it on the west, bring to mind the exploits of one of the boldest adventurers among the early mining operators of the Great Basin.

Honest Miner To a Poker-Playing Politician – (By William Daugherty, 1891) The boys called him “Sugar Foot” and evidently had some good reasons for selecting that name to designate him when speaking in their own circle.

Reese River near Austin, Nevada, courtesy Wikipedia.

Making Footprints in the Reese River Valley, Nevada – (By William Daugherty, 1891) Few, outside of Lander’s boundaries, can recollect it, and yet, it was a mining town of some pretensions then, and a rival to Austin for the honor of becoming the capital of the Territory.

Placing a Mine in Nevada – (By William Daugherty, 1891) The prospectus of a proposed mining company that was to be “placed” on the eastern market is remarkable in its methods.

Old Tom – A Typical Mining Camp Character – (By William Daugherty, 1891) “Old Tom” was a character that lived in Eastern Nevada. He had drifted from one camp to another and located finally on the line of the Overland Railroad. It doesn’t matter where, for every camp has a character of a similar kind.

Thunder Mountain Monument, Nevada – Constructed over four decades beginning in 1967, a man named Frank Van Zant, built the folk art “sculpture” of concrete and junk as a tribute to the Native American plight.

Stokes Castle in Austin, Nevada –  A reminder of the heydays of Austin’s past history, Stokes Castle stands as a sentinel on the north end of Reese River Valley.

The Fatal Flight of United Airlines 629 – In November of 1955, Jack Gilbert Graham blew up a plane over Colorado just to collect life insurance on his mother who was on the flight.

Montana Hotel Saloon, Anaconda Montana

Old West Saloon Descriptions – Descriptions and history of several well known Old West Saloons accompanied by images from the past and present.

The Sultana Mine, Nevada – In the early 1860s, the mining excitement in Nevada drew largely upon California, and some headed to the Sultana Mine. (1891 historic text)

White Headed Bill – A Stalwart Miner – The story of Tenny and his interactions with White Headed Bill, a miner who becomes a lawyer and senator. (1891 historic text)

January Newsletter – Happy New Year!  Tough law in Indian Territory, One Foot in the Stirrup and One on the Throttle, some Illinois Route 66, and much more in this month’s newsletter.

Lees Ferry, Arizona –  A historic site located within the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area,  it is named for Mormon Leader John D. Lee, who set up ferry service for Mormon settlers heading south to Arizona.

Apache Warriors

Apache Wars of the Southwest – Though not always well known, this series of battles is the longest war in U.S. history.

Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Colorado – The Monument contains the highest known archaeological site density in the United States, with rich, well-preserved evidence of native cultures that have been part of this landscape for at least 10,000 years.

Saugus Iron Works, Massachusetts by the National Park Service.

Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site – The Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site in Massachusetts is the site of the first integrated ironworks in North America.

Quapaw Tribe – The Quapaw people are a Siouan tribe, closely related to the KanzaOmahaOsage, and Ponca.

November Newsletter – America’s Native Heritage, The Big Easy, Dallas tames El Paso, and much more in this month’s Newsletter.

Old stone wall in Santa Clara County, California courtesy Wikipedia.

Who Built California’s East Bay Walls? – The East Bay Walls, also known as the Berkeley Mystery Walls, are crude walls and rock lines found throughout the hills surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area of California.

Constitutional Conventions of Kansas – There were five Constitutional Conventions in Kansas as the territory struggled to enter the Union as a Free State.

Delphine LaLaurie and Her Haunted Mansion in New Orleans – The LaLaurie Mansion at 1140 Royal Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana is said to be one of the most haunted places in what is called the most haunted city in the United States.

Voodoo dolls at the Voodoo Museum in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Voodoo Still Lives in America – Voodoo in America is still actively practiced and its capital is New Orleans, Louisiana.

Haunted Pharmacy Museum in New Orleans – The New Orleans Pharmacy Museum is not only a great attraction, it was the first apothecary shop in the United States, was established by the first licensed pharmacist in the country, and it is also said to be haunted due to the atrocities that took place in this building.

New Orleans at night by Carol Highsmith.

New Orleans, Louisiana – The Big Easy – This unique city, with its colonial French and Spanish character, is known for its annual Mardi Gras festival, jazz music, and flavorful Creole cuisine, not to mention it’s incredibly rich history.

Haunted Seven Sisters Road, Nebraska – According to local legend, seven women were murdered here in the 1900s, and their spirits still linger.

Boston Harbor by W.J. Bennett, 1833

Boston, Massachusetts – The Revolution Begins – Here, visitors can explore historic neighborhoods that were home to early American patriots, wander the red-bricked “Freedom Trail”, and see Boston’s National Historic Park.

Mohawk Indians – The Mohawk Indians were once the most easterly tribe of the Five Nations of the Iroquoian Confederacy.

Otoe-Missouria Indians

Missouria Indian Tribe – The Missouria or Missouri Indians, a Siouan tribe, lived in and gave their name to the state of Missouri. Their name means “one who has dugout canoes” in the Illinois language. In their own language, the Missouri called themselves Niúachi.

Menominee Tribe – Tradition says that the Menominee were driven into Wisconsin, from the neighborhood of Michilimackinac Indians around Mackinac Island in Michigan. However, when they were first known to white men they were already in Wisconsin and remained there until 1854.

Mogollon People – The Mogollon Indians were one of four major prehistoric archaeological culture areas of the American Southwest and Northern Mexico.

New Mexico’s Big Bird in Las Cruces – This large bird, touted as the world’s largest roadrunner, has a belly created with old shoes, with other parts of its body sporting everything from office fans, to computer parts, to children’s toys.

Schoenchen, Kansas  – (From our Legends Of Kansas website)  Schoenchen, Kansas located in southcentral Ellis County, is another of several area villages established by Volga German immigrants.

Ellis, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) – Ellis, Kansas, a small town in west central Ellis County got its start as a water station along the tracks of the Kansas Pacific Railroad in 1867.

Spearville, KansasSpearville, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) The town was first called Speareville, for Alden H. Speare, a railroad director and president of the town company. However, the town name was consistently misspelled “Spearville,” and finally the “e” was eliminated altogether.

Kingsdown, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Established as a station on the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad, Kingsdown, Kansas is a small unincorporated semi-ghost town in southeast Ford County.

Bloom, Kansas (From our Legends Of Kansas website) In the 1910s, it was described as a “prosperous town that was one of the biggest wheat shipping stations on the Rock Island, west of Hutchinson. Today Bloom is a ghost town.

Ellinwood, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Ellinwood, with its first claim staked in 1871, got its start when the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad planned to come through the area.

Claflin, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) – Claflin, located in northeast Barton County, got its start when the Missouri Pacific Railroad made plans to come through the area and has held tight to its small-town roots.

October NewsletterHistoric Arrow Rock, Nevada Lawman Sam Gay, Disaster at Peshtigo, and much more in this month’s newsletter.

Arrow Rock, Missouri & The Santa Fe Trade – The entirety of this small town, situated on the Missouri River in Saline County, is designated as a National Historic District for its significance during Westward Expansion, the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail, and the Santa Fe Trail.

Sam Gay – The Sagebrush Sheriff (From author Anthony Dee Varrone) Sam Gay’s history in the first quarter of the 20th century was the history of Clark County and the city of Las Vegas. Big Sam would be the law for decades.

Lone Star, Kansas (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Lone Star, Kansas, an unincorporated community in Douglas County, was first settled in 1854 by pro-slavery advocates from the south who wanted slavery to be legal in Kansas Territory.

Stony Point, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) First called Hickory Point, this small community was never large enough to have had a post office. However it has the distinction of being the site of the first murder of an American settler in Kansas during the lead up to the Kansas-Missouri Border War.

Victor Gallaher's Store in Montserrat, Missouri

Montserrat, Missouri – Coal Camp to Ghost Town – Montserrat, Missouri, located between Warrensburg and Knob Noster in Johnson County got its start in 1867, as a coal camp but is a ghost town today.

Gunsmoke – A Retelling for the Masses – Hundreds of pages have been written and thousands of hours of screen-time dedicated to the settling of the wild American West. But it was Gunsmoke, one of the longest-running television shows in American history, would take up the mantle as one of the most realistic representations of life in Dodge City.

Lock Springs, Missouri - Lake Street Looking North

Lock Springs, Missouri – Lock Springs, Missouri, located in southeast Daviess County, is a very small town filled with abandoned business buildings and sidewalks that lead nowhere.

Jolly Cholly Funland – Jolly Cholly’s Funland in North Attleboro, Massachusetts once had traffic backed up for miles, but today, it is a vanished site.

Kansas National Forest??(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Did you know for about 10 years in the early 20th century, Kansas had a National Forest in the southwest part of the state?

Frisco Depot at Fort Scott, Kansas.

The Kansas City, Fort Scott and Gulf Railroad(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Continuing the objectives of the Kansas & Neosho Valley Railroad, the plan was to build south through Indian Territory (Oklahoma) all the way to the Gulf of Mexico.

Kansas Central Railway(From our Legends Of Kansas website) The Kansas Central Railway Company was incorporated in June 1871 with the objective of building a railroad and telegraph line across Kansas from Leavenworth to Denver, Colorado where it would meet a connection with the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad.

August Newsletter – White Oaks New Mexico legends and lore, John Butterfield and the Overland Mail, the Mysterious Signal, Chief Gall, and more in this month’s newsletter.

El Quartelejo Ruins(From our Legends Of Kansas website) El Quartelejo Ruins are the archeological remains of the northernmost Indian pueblo and the only known pueblo in Kansas.

Northwest Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Northwest Kansas, dominated by the High Plains and Smoky Hills geographic regions, includes some of the most stunning landscapes in the state.

Western Vistas Historic Byway(From our Legends Of Kansas website) In Northwest Kansas, travelers can experience the ”badlands” of Kansas and wide-open scenic views on the Western Vistas Historic Byway.

Appomattox Campaign of the Civil War – The Appomattox Campaign was a series of Civil War battles fought in Virginia between March 29 and April 9, 1865, that concluded with the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia effectively marking the end of the war.

The Battle of Westport, Missouri by Andy Thomas.Price’s Expedition Battles – Also known as Price’s Raid, this expedition through Missouri and Kansas occurred in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil War in the fall of 1864. It was led by Confederate Major General Sterling Price, who started from Camden, Arkansas on August 28, 1864.

John David Albert – John David Albert was a mountain man who made his way west from Pennsylvania and was friends with other important frontiersmen of the time including Jim Baker and Charles Autobees.

Florence, Kansas (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Today, small-town Florence is called home to about 435 people and includes views of beautiful stone buildings, several of which are on the National Historic Register.

Indian Village in Lawrence, Kansas – A Giant Concrete Teepee stands along the south side of US-40 in Lawrence, Kansas, but why? It was once called Indian Village and provided multiple services.

Sedalia, Missouri Historic District by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Sedalia – Missouri Cowtown – Sedalia has a rich history in the Civil War, cattle, railroads, brothels, and more. Today the county seat of Pettis County, it got its start in 1857 when the first plat for the town was filed.

Six-Mile, Kansas – A Red Leg Stronghold(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Six-Mile Tavern, established just a few miles west of Quindaro, became one of the rendezvous points of the famous Red Legs, a secret band of Union guerillas.

Quindaro, Kansas – A Free-State Black Town(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Though the town is extinct, it has a rich history and there is still Quindaro neighborhood in Kansas City, Kansas today.

Votaw Colony – An Extinct Black Settlement(From our Legends Of Kansas website) The Votaw Colony was an African American settlement established by Exodusters from Texas in 1881 two miles north of Coffeyville, near the Verdigris River in Montgomery County, Kansas.

July Newsletter – 100th Anniversary for the 19th, Grasshopper menace, Medicine Bags, Wisconsin Road Trip, and much more in this month’s newsletter.

Grasshopper Plague of the Great Plains(From our Legends Of Kansas website) An invasion of grasshoppers began in July 1874 when millions of insects, more accurately called Rocky Mountain locusts, descended on the Great Plains.

Exodusters En Route to Kansas by Harper's Weekly, 1879

Kansas Freedmen’s Relief Association(From our Legends Of Kansas website) The association was incorporated in May 1879 and the next month, the group issued an appeal “to friends of the colored people” to “aid destitute freedmen, refugees and immigrants” who were migrating to Kansas.

Governor John Pierce St. John(From our Legends Of Kansas website) John Pierce St. John was the eighth governor of the State of Kansas and was the Prohibition presidential nominee in 1884. Under his tenure as governor, Kansas became the third state to enact a statewide prohibition of alcohol which would last until 1948 and remain in some form until 1987.

Cheyenne County, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Cheyenne County, Kansas, the most northwestern county in the state, was named for the Cheyenne Indians. The county has an altitude of over 3,000 feet and encompasses 1,020 square miles.

Rivers, Lakes & WaterwaysWaterways, defined as navigable rivers, canals, and lakes, cover maritime or inland transport routes. The inland waterways of the United States include more than 25,000 miles of navigable waters today.

Reno County Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Reno County measures 1,256 square miles and is the third-largest county in Kansas behind Butler and Finney Counties.

Sylvia, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Sylvia, Kansas, located in the east-central portion of Reno County, got its start in 1874. The settlement was first called Zenith and a post office opened in May 1876.

Marshall County Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Marshall County’s rich history of the Oregon and Mormon Trails, the short-lived Pony Express, and pioneer settlements can still be seen at a number of historic sites and museums.

Frankfort, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) The neighborhood, of which Frankfort became a primary trading point, was settled in 1855-56 by Free-State men from Ohio and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Lindsborg, Kansas 1920Lindsborg, Kansas(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Lindsborg is known as “Little Sweden” and has hosted a biennial celebration called Svensk Hyllningsfest since 1941. It is held in October of odd-numbered years.

Potter(From our Legends Of Kansas website) The building of Potter was the third and the most successful attempt to establish a town in the vicinity. The first attempt was at Mount Pleasant in 1854. It was one of the first towns started in Kansas, and established the first post office in Atchison County.

Muscotah(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Like other small agricultural Kansas towns, Muscotah declined over the 20th century. Though it still maintains a post office and about 170 people, the village is filled with abandoned buildings.

Effingham(From our Legends Of Kansas website) Prior to the establishment of the town, there was a settlement in the area for a number of years and was a flourishing trading point. A post office was allegedly established in this community in 1866.

early Lancaster KansasLancaster (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Lancaster, Kansas, situated ten miles west of Atchison, just off U.S. Highway 73, got its start in 1857 and is one of the oldest towns in Atchison County.

June Newsletter – Celebrating 17 Years! U.S. Facts and Trivia, an Unexpected stop in Kansas and more in this month’s Legends of America Newsletter.

Robert Hall Pearson – Founder of Palmyra –  (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Robert Hall Pearson was one of the first settlers in Palmyra Township of Douglas County in what would later become Baldwin City, Kansas.

Samuel J. Jones – Pro-Slavery Sheriff of Douglas County –  (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Samuel J. Jones was a notorious character during the early border troubles and the first sheriff of Douglas County, Kansas.

Martin Luther King Jr. – Civil Rights Activist & Hero – Martin Luther King, Jr. was a Baptist minister and equal rights activist who was the most visible spokesperson and leader of the American Civil Rights Movement from the mid-1950s until his assassination in 1968

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway – The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway (AT&SF), more often simply referred to as the “Santa Fe Railroad,” was first chartered by the Kansas Territorial Legislature in February 1859 and called the Atchison-Topeka Railroad.

Cyrus K. Holliday – First Kansas Railroader – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Cyrus Kurtz Holliday was a capitalist and railroad builder who made his dream come true when he established the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway.

Paxico – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Paxico, Kansas is a small town located on Mill Creek in Wabaunsee County, Kansas. A fine example of a rural market town established during the period of rural-agricultural dominance (1865-1900) in Kansas history, Paxico’s Historic District displays a number of well-kept and restored buildings from this era.

Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont – Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont was a French explorer who documented his travels on the Missouri and Platte Rivers in North America and made the first European maps of these areas in the early 18th century.

May Newsletter – Lost Treasure, Bucket List Travel, Native American Symbols, Pontiac on the Mother Road and more! in this months newsletter

U.S. Flag History by Legends of America.

The United States Flag – History & Facts – The flag acts were clear as to what was to appear on the flag and the colors that were to be used, but not how they should be arranged.

United States Wildlife – In the United States, wildlife is as diverse as the landscape.

U,S. Topgraphy

U.S. Topography

United States Maps – Maps, while recognized as “the most important tool in geography” are also a popular and effective resource for teaching history and can extend into many other subjects including science and literature.

Washington Geography – Washington, in the extreme northwestern comer of the United States was formed from part of the Oregon Territory in 1853 and became the 42nd state. (includes printable maps)

Spruce Tree Ruins DuMond

Lost Treasure in Southern Colorado in 1910 – Artist Frederick M. DuMond tells a story of finding Native American treasures in southern Colorado, only to never find it again. Historic text, submitted by author Richard Panofsky, DuMond’s great-grandson.

State Capitols in the United States – A summary of each state capital city in all 50 states of the U.S. Includes free downloadable map.

Bucket List Attraction in each State.

Bucket List Attraction in Each State – There are great places to see in every state. This is a list of those that many authorities count as the best ones.

March Newsletter – Women’s History Month, Timelines in American History, The Hopewell Culture, Learning Opportunities and much more! in this month’s newsletter.

Learning Opportunities From Legends of America – Quick reference links to start your learning journey through Legends of America, along with a few beyond our website.

U.S. History Map

American History Timelines – We’re making it easier to find our various timelines of important events with a new menu page for those already published, along with some new ones, like these:

Pre-United States History Timeline – 16,000 BC-1763

A New Nation – American Timeline 1785-1876

Native American Timeline – Pre U.S. History

Native American Timeline – A New Nation

Native American Timeline – Westward Expansion

Native American Timeline – 20th Century & Beyond

Mormon man with his wives, 1885

Mormon Polygamy – Polygamy was practiced by leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) for more than half of the 19th century in semi-secrecy and practiced publicly from 1852 to 1890 by up to 30 percent of church families.

Influenza Pandemic of 1918 – The 1918 influenza pandemic was the deadliest pandemic in recent history. Referred to as the Spanish Flu, it resulted in the deaths of millions worldwide.

Dutch Schultz, New York Mobster

Mobster Dutch Schultz & His Hidden Treasure – Dutch Schultz was a New York City-area mobster of the 1920s and 1930s who made a fortune in criminal activities.

Momo – The Missouri Monster – Momo is a large Bigfoot-like creature that began to be sighted near Louisiana, Missouri in 1972.

Woodland Period by Dean Quigley, National Park Service

Woodland Period of North America – The Woodland period, lasting from about 3,000 BC to 1000 AD, is an archaeological classification of Native American cultures of North America prior to European contact.

Hopewell Culture of Native Americans – The Hopewell culture, also called the Hopewell tradition, is an archeological era of Native Americans that flourished along rivers from the Atlantic Ocean to the eastern Great Plains, and from the Great Lakes region to the Gulf of Mexico.

Central Beach at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore by the National Park Service.

Indiana Dunes National Park – Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, now a National Park, stretches along the southern shore of Lake Michigan and offers an incredible diversity of habitats.

Chesapeake Bay National Park – The Chesapeake Bay watershed, stretching from Cooperstown, New York, to Norfolk, Virginia includes parts of six states and is the nation’s largest estuary.

Shoshone Chief Sagwitch

Bear River Massacre, Idaho – The Bear River Massacre was an attack on a Shoshone encampment by the United States Army that occurred near present-day Preston, Idaho in January 1863.

Walker War, Utah – The Walker War took place in 1853 in the area around Payson, Utah when tensions between the Mormon settlers and the Ute Indians increased.

Gunnison Massacre, Utah – The Gunnison Massacre occurred in Millard County, Utah in 1853 when Captain John W. Gunnison’s Pacific Railroad Survey party was attacked by Ute Indians.

Chief Hollow Horn Bear by Adolph F. Muhr, 1913

Hollow Horn Bear – Hollow Horn Bear was a Brule Lakota leader who fought in many of the battles of the Sioux Wars, including the Battle of Little Big Horn.

Old Northwest Territory – The old Northwest Territory formed after the American Revolution encompassed the land between the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River, and the Ohio River.

February Newsletter –  Black History Month, Tour the Georgia Coast, tips on Boondocking and more in this Months Legends’ Newsletter.

John Doherty

Death of a Sheriff – Murder and Conspiracy in the Old West – John Doherty was great at poker, but not so good at local politics. The latter would prove fatal and it would take the Governor’s direction to solve it. Story by John’s Great Grand Nephew Ciaran Conliffe.

Haunted Road Trip: 5 East Coast Destinations to Visit – Use our tips to plan your own haunted road trip and spend some time exploring a few of the country’s creepiest and most notoriously haunted spots. (Submitted by Traci Magnus, Dunes Properties)

Paul Revere


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