The most northern and eastern state of New England, Maine is known for its beautiful scenery, including its rocky coastline, low, rolling mountains, heavily forested interior, and picturesque waterways. First settled in 1604, it became the nation’s 23rd state in 1820.
It is the largest state in New England but the 12th smallest state by area in the nation and the 9th least populous. European settlement began in 1604. However, indigenous peoples have been here for thousands of years, including Algonquian-speaking natives in the early 1600s.
Maine was part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts until 1820, when its citizens voted to secede and become a separate state. Maine was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state on March 15, 1820. Its name comes from an ancient French province of the same name. Its nickname is the “Pine Tree State,” as 90 percent of its land is forest. Not surprisingly, most of Maine’s economy is related to timber and the production of paper and paper products. However, the millions of tourists who flock to “Vacationland” each summer are a significant revenue source.
The current flag of Maine features the state coat of arms on a blue field and was adopted in June 1909. In the shield’s center, a moose rests under a tall pine tree. The farmer and seaman represent reliance on agriculture and the sea. The North Star represents the state motto – Dirigo (Latin for “I Lead”).
Capital – Augusta
Nickname – Pine Tree State
State Animal – Moose
State Bird – Black-capped Chickadee
State Flower – White pine cone and tassel
State Tree – White Pine
The Abenaki People – Fighting the English
Initial Battles For Independence
Appalachian National Scenic Trail
Fort Western on the Kennebec River
The Kennebunks of Maine – History Along the Southern Coast
Legends of Captain Kidd’s Treasure
Settling of America – New England Settlements
The Pennacook Tribe of New England
The War of 1812 – American Independence Confirmed
Should fate unkind send us to roam,
The scent of the fragrant pines,
the tang of the salty sea
Will call us home.
— Roger Vinton Snow, Maine State Song
Compiled by Kathy Alexander/Legends of America, updated March 2023.