The most northern and eastern state of New England, Maine is known for its beautiful scenery including its rocky coastline, low, rolling mountains, its heavily forested interior and picturesque waterways. First settled in 1604, it became the nation’s 23rd state in 1820.
It is the 12th smallest state by area, and the 9th least populous (as of 2010 census). European settlement began in 1604, however indigenous peoples where here for thousands of years, including Algonquian-speaking natives in the early 1600’s.
Maine was part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts until 1820 when its citizens voted to secede and become a separate state. Maine was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state on March 15, 1820.
The current flag of Maine features the state coat of arms on a blue field and was adopted in June of 1909. In the center of the shield, there is a moose resting under a tall pine tree. The farmer and seaman represent reliance on agriculture and sea. The North Star represents the state motto – Dirigo (Latin for “I Lead”).