Fur Trading on the Frontier

Voyageurs in Canoe by Frances Anne Hopkins, 1869

Voyageurs in Canoe by Frances Anne Hopkins, 1869


Hudson Bay Company traders by Henry Alexander Ogden.

Hudson Bay Company traders by Henry Alexander Ogden.

Buffalo Hunters

Buffalo Hunting with Teddy Roosevelt

Early Exploration and the Fur Trade in Colorado

Exploration of America

Explorers & Frontiersmen

Explorers and Frontiersmen Photo Gallery

Frontier Types

Grand Portage National Monument

The Great Fur Trade Companies

Alexander Harvey – Desperado of the Fur Trade

In a Trapper’s Bivouac

Incidents of the Fur Trade

Gathering of the Trappers, 1904, Frederic Remington

Gathering of the Trappers, 1904, Frederic Remington

North West Company Fur Trading Post

The Plight of the Buffalo

Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin – Fur Trading Mecca 

Rocky Mountain Rendezvous

Trading Posts and Their Stories

Trading Posts of the Fur Trade

Trappers, Traders & Pathfinders

Voyageurs of the Old Northwest

Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota


One of the earliest and most important industries in North America, the American fur trade played a major role in the development of the United States and Canada for more than 300 years. Involving half a dozen European nations and numerous American Indian tribes, the fur trade began in the 1500s. Native Americans traded furs for supplies such as tools, weapons, and horses. The furs, in turn, were utilized to make hats, coats, and blankets, which were very popular in Europe.

Mountain Man Fur Trader

Mountain Man Fur Trader

Some of the earliest fur traders were French explorers and fishermen who arrived in what is now Eastern Canada during the early 1500s. By the early 1600s, the demand for beaver fur increased dramatically when fashionable European men began to wear felt hats made from the fur.

Further exploration of North America, making legends of dozens of men, as well as the great fur-trading companies such as John Jacob Astor’s American Fur Company, Hudson’s Bay Company, the oldest company in North America, Manuel Lisa’s Missouri Fur Company, and dozens of others. However, by the late 1700s, the fur trade began to decline as fur-bearing animals became increasingly scarce. In the 1830s, the demand for beaver dropped when European manufacturers began to use silk instead of felt for hats. By 1870, most fur-trading activities had ended.

© Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated October 2019.

Also See:

American History

Discovery and Exploration of America

Forts Across the United States

Tales & Trails of the American Frontier

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