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The history of the
obviously never complete without the tales of the many Americans who
first lived on these vast lands.
Here, you'll find summaries of many of the
chiefs, heroes, warriors, and medicine men that history records as
significant in the westward expansion of the United States.
Though there were literally thousands of
men and woman that could be mentioned, this ever growing list of
individuals, begins with those most famous.
American Indian is of the
soil, whether it be the region of forests, plains, pueblos, or mesas.
He fits into the landscape, for the hand that fashioned the continent
also fashioned the man for his surroundings. He once grew as naturally
as the wild sunflowers, he belongs just
- Luther Standing Bear,
Sioux at an
oasis in the
Badlands, photo by Edward S. Curtis, 1905. This image available for
photographic prints and downloads
Adoeette, aka: Big Tree (1845?-1871) - Known as
Adoeette to his
tribe, he was known to the white man, as "Big Tree.”
Horse (1800-1876) -
Horse, an Oglala
chief, he was one of the principal war
chiefs during the
Battle of the Little Bighorn. He was killed by
General George Crook's troops in 1876.
Big Bill - A Paiute
chief, Big Bill led the Indians who aided the notorious
Mormon John D. Lee in the
Mountain Meadows Massacre in southwest
on September 11, 1857 .
Big Elk (1765-1846)
- Chief of the Omaha tribe.
Big Foot, aka: Sithanka, Spotted Elk 1826?-1890) - A Hunkpapa
Sioux, Big Foot was the chief of the Cheyenne River Reservation. He was killed on December 29, 1890,
along with almost 300 other members of his tribe, at the
Wounded Knee Massacre.
Big Mush (??-1839) - Fought in the Cherokee War in Texas and was killed in the
Battle of the Neches on July 16, 1839.
Black Elk (1863-1950) - Famous Lakota holy man.
Big Tree - See Adoeette
Black Kettle (1803-68) -
Peaceful leader of the Southern Cheyenne tribe. Killed by General George Armstrong Custer and his troops at the Battle of Washita.
Chief Bowles (1756-1839)
Fought in the Cherokee War in Texas and was killed in the Battle of the Neches on July 16, 1839.
Edward "Ned" Wilkerson Bushyhead (1832-1907) - Part Cherokee,
Edward was a miner, publisher, and served as the San Diego County, California sheriff for two terms before becoming the Police Chief of San
Captain Jack - See Kintpuash
Cochise (18??-1874) - Apache Chief and one of the last holdouts in resisting white settlement.
Black Kettle's camp, captured by
General George Armstrong Custer, by Theodore R.Davis, 1868. Photo prints and downloads available