Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) – Artillery officer in World War I, Senator, Vice President under Franklin D. Roosevelt, and 33rd President of the United States. Most American historians consider Truman one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.
Harriet Tubman (1815-1913) As a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, this fugitive slave helped thousands of blacks escape north prior to the Civil War, during which, she served as a Union nurse and military spy.
Mark Twain – See Samuel Langhorne Clemens
Booker Taliaferro Washington (1856-1915) – Political leader, educator, orator and author, he was the dominant figure in the African American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915.
Cathay Williams (1842-??) – When Congress passed an act authorizing the establishment of the first all Black units of the military, later to become known as “Buffalo Soldiers,” Cathay Williams, became the first and only female Buffalo Soldier.
Eli Whitney (1765-1825) – Inventor who invented the cotton gin, he helped shape the Industrial Revolution and the economy of the antebellum South.
Woman As a Pioneer – Every battle has its unnamed heroes. There are other battles and armies besides those where thousands of disciplined men move over the ground to the sounds of the drum and fife. Life itself is a battle, and no grander army has ever been set in motion since the world began than that which for more than two centuries and a half has been moving across our continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific, fighting its way through countless hardships and dangers, bearing the banner of civilization, and building a new republic in the wilderness.
Women in the Army – In the great wars of American history, there are, in immediate connection with the army, two situations in which woman more prominently appears: the former is where, in her proper person, she accompanies the army as a “vivandiere,” or as the daughter of the regiment, or as the comrade and help-mate of her husband; the latter, and less frequent capacity, is that of a soldier, matching in the ranks and facing the foe in the hour of danger.
Wright Brothers – The Wright brothers, Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) were are generally credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903.
Nothing is given to man on earth – struggle is built into the nature of life,
and conflict is possible – the hero is the man who lets no obstacle prevent him
from pursuing the values he has chosen.
— Andrew Bernstein