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Old West Lawmen - H-I

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Jesse Lee "Red" Hall - (1849-1911) - Born in Lexington, North Carolina on October 9, 1849, Hall headed westward as a young man and was living in Texas in 1869 where he began to work as a lawman, serving as a deputy sheriff in Denison and city marshal in Sherman. Later he also joined the Texas Rangers under Captain L.H. McNelly. Serving from August, 1876 to February, 1880, he became a second lieutenant of the Special Force of the Texas Rangers and earned a sterling reputation as a strong ranger. Later he made a captain and helped to break up the Sutton-Taylor Feud and was instrumental in the arrest of John King Fisher. After leaving the Texas Rangers, Hall married, sired five daughters and became a ranch manager. He also served as an Indian Agent for the Anadarko tribe. During the Spanish American War, he raised two companies of volunteers and also served i the Philippines as a leader of the Macabebe Scouts until he left the military service in October, 1900. Hall died on March 17, 1911 and was buried at the National Cemetery at San Antonio, Texas.  


Dee Harkey (1866-1948) - Cowboy, lawman, rancher, and gunfighter, Harkey was born in Richland Springs, Texas on March 27, 1866. One of eight children, he was orphaned at the age of three and raised by an older brother. During his youth, he was witness to much violence including Indian attacks and three of his brothers were killed in gunfights. Harkey first began to make his way as a farmhand and a cowboy, but at the age of 16, became a deputy under his brother, Joe, who had been elected sheriff of San Saba County, Texas. Four years later, Harkey married and established a farm in Bee County, Texas. There, he got into a conflict with a neighbor named George Young and when the dispute escalated to a knife fight, Harkey killed him. In 1890, Harkey moved to Carlsbad, New Mexico and was soon made a U.S. Deputy Marshal. Over the years, Harkey served as a lawman in New Mexico, holding a variety of positions, including town marshal and Cattle Inspector. After he retired, he ranched in Eddy County until he died in his eighties.


Caleb "Loss" Lawson Hart (1862-1934)  - Born in Park County, Texas in 1862, Hart grew up to serve eleven years as a U.S. Deputy Marshal in Indian Territory. During this time, he killed the notorious  Bill Dalton near Elk, Oklahoma. Two years later he moved to McGee, Oklahoma, where he worked in merchandising. During this time he barely surived a smallpox attack. He died on January 31, 1934 and was buried in McGee.


Jack Helm (??-1873) - Texas cowboy, Confederate soldier, gunfighter, and lawman, Helm was said to have once killed a black man for whistling a Yankee song during the Civil War. At wars end, he worked for cattle baron, Abel Head "Shanghai” Pierce, but became a captain in the Texas State Police in 1869, tasked with aiding the Union forces in Reconstruction. In this capacity, he soon got caught up in the Sutton-Taylor Feud in DeWitt County and began attacking members of the Taylor Faction. In the summer of 1869, Helm and his men carried on a reign of terror in Bee, San Patricio, Wilson, DeWitt, and Goliad counties to such a degree that the Galveston News reported that they had killed 21 persons in two months, but handed over just 10 men to civil authorities. Helm continued to ambush and kill until a public outcry caused him to be discharged from the State Police in December, 1870. However, he continued to serve as the Sheriff of DeWitt County, killing more members of the Taylor Faction. Helm later moved to Albuquerque, Texas, but was tracked down by Jim Taylor and John Wesley Hardin and killed in July, 1873.


Fred R. Higgins - Commissioned as a U.S. Deputy Marshal in Arizona in the 1890's, Higgens, along with seven other posse men set out after the Black Jack Christian Gang, who had attempted to rob the International Bank of Nogales, Arizona on August 6, 1896. When the lawmen came upon their hideout in the San Simon Valley, a gunfight erupted and splinters were showered into Higgins face. However, the lawman persevered, returned the fire, and killed outlaw Bob Hays. However, Black Jack Christian and two other outlaws escaped. Still on their tail the following April, they tracked the fugitives to a cave near Clifton, Arizona and yet another gunfight erupted. Christian was killed, but two others were able to flee. After the turn of the century, Higgins became the sheriff of Chaves County, New Mexico.


George W. Hindman (18??-1878)  - Originally from Texas, where he worked as a cowboy, Hindman made his way to New Mexico in 1875. There, he hired on at a ranch owned by Robert Casey in Lincoln County. A few years later, he took a position as a deputy under Sheriff William Brady, just before the onset of the notorious Lincoln County War. On February 18, 1878, he rode in the posse that killed John Tunstall, which ignited the bloody feud. Some six weeks later, on April 1, 1878, while Sheriff Brady and Hindman wer walking down Lincoln's main street, they were ambushed by Billy the Kid and some of his cohorts. Both lawmen were killed.


Edward O. Hogue (1847-1877) - Born in France in 1847, Hogue immigrated to the United States and in 1872, he became a policeman in Ellsworth, Kansas and later served as city marshal. When the police force was terminated over the Whitney-Thompson affair, Hogue was left to make arrests on his own. However, in 1873, he lost the election for sheriff. Two years later he was working as a deputy sheriff at Dodge City, Kansas. After wards he made his way to Wyoming, where he died at the age of 30.



Cassius "Cash" M. Hollister (1845-1884) - Born near Cleveland, Ohio, Hollistermade his way to Kansas in 1877 and was elected mayor of Caldwell, Kansas on October 28, 1879, a position he held until April, 1880. He was appointed a  U.S. Deputy Marshal in 1883 and just a few months later was involved in the Hunnewell Gunfight, in which one man was killed and another seriously wounded. On November 21`, 1883, he and Ben Wheeler killed a man named Chet Van Meter who was resisting arrest. He resigned as a U.S. Deputy Marshal in September, 1884, but continued to serve as a deputy sheriff of Sumner county, Kansas. On October 18, 1884, he went to arrest a man named Bob Cross, who was wanted for abducting the daughter of a well-to-do farmer, Joshua Hannum. When Hollister arrived at Cross' home and attempted to talk the man out of a house,  Cross refused to surrender. Hollister threatened to set his house on fire, at which time Cross fired through the door, killing Hollister.


Tom Horn, aka: James Hicks (1860-1903) - Born in Memphis, Missouri on November 21, 1860, Horn's father was a strict disciplinarian and Tom ran away at the age of 14, heading west. By the time he was 15 he was an army scout and involved in many campaigns for more than a decade, including Geronimo's surrender in 1886.  In 1890, he joined the Pinkerton Agency Agency and using his gun with lethal effectiveness tracked down dozens of outlaws and killed 17 men.


In 1894, Horn had made his way to Wyoming as was working as a cattle detective for the beef barons, who were engulfed in what is known as the Johnson County War. It was at this time that he began to offer out his services as a hired gunslinger. For each cattle rustler he shot, he charged $500-$600 and quickly proved to be a methodical man hunter and ruthless killer. Read more about his controversial autobiography and execution HERE.


Tom Horn, 1903

Tom Horn fashions his own noose before being hanged in 1903.

This image available for photographic prints HERE!

Joe Horner - See Frank M. Canton


James D. Houck, Sheriff, Sheepman, and TraderJames D. Houck (1847-1921) - Born in Ohio, Houck fought in the Civil War with a Wisconsin regiment. Afterwards, he made his way to Wyoming, and later to Arizona in about 1870. In 1874, he began to carry the mail as an express rider between Fort Whipple, Arizona and Fort Wingate, New Mexico. That same year, he established a trading post between Fort Wingate and Holbrook, Arizona, trading with the Navaho tribe in 1885. Called Houck's Tank, a settlement soon grew around the post, which was named Houck. He represented Apache County for a term in the 13th Territorial Legislature that same year. Later he was working as a Deputy under Commodore Perry Owens in Holbrook, Arizona and was involved in the Pleasant Valley War that erupted in 1887 north of Globe, Arizona. In September, 1887, he was involved in the killing of John Graham and Charles Blevins at the Perkins Store in Pleasant Valley. He was also involved in the August 11, 1888 lynching of Jim Stott, Kim Scott and Billy Wilson. In 1900 he bought Cave Creek Station, located about 35 miles north of Phoenix, Arizona, and developed it as a shearing camp for sheepmen. He also became a Maricopa County deputy sheriff and operated a stage and mail service. Although he prospered for some years, hard times came with reduced sheep grazing, drought, a dwindling interest in the Cave Creek property, a divorce. He eventually killed himself on March 21, 1921, and was buried in Phoenix.


Neil Howie (1834-1874) - Born in Scotland, Howie immigrated to the United States as a boy and was raised in Wisconsin. When he grew up, he made his way westward, landing in Colorado for a time, before making his way to southwestern Montana in 1863. Allegedly, Bannack Sheriff Henry Plummer attempted to recruit him into his outlaw band, the Innocents, but Howie refused. Working as a freighter, Howie personally captured Dutch John Wagner and delivered him to the Montana Vigilantes, with whom he had become involved. In the Spring of 1864, he was appointed sheriff of Madison County, serving through the flour riots of April, 1865. Later he was appointed as the first U.S. Deputy Marshal for the state of Montana In July, 1867, he was commissioned as a colonel for the 1st Montana Volunteer Cavalry and led his men in building fort. T.F. Meagher and Fort Howie. In late August, his troops fought with Crow Indians who had been attacking area settlers. Later, he went to Wyoming and Colorado, before making his way to Utah in 1872. He then became manager with the Remington Company's Quartz Works which was located on an island of Trinidad, off the of Venezuela. He contacted malaria in March, 1874 and died in Trinidad.


John R. Hughes, LawmanJohn Reynolds "Border Boss" Hughes (1855–1946) - Hughes was born on February 11, 1855, in Henry County, near Cambridge, Illinois. His family would later move to Kansas. At the age of 14, he left home to work on a neighboring cattle ranch before heading south to Indian Territory , where he lived among the Choctaw and Osage Indians for four years. By 1874, he was living in the Comanche Nation in the Fort Sill area and became friends with Quanah Parker. After six years in Indian Territory and a brief stint as a trail driver on the Chisholm Trail, Hughes bought a farm near Liberty Hill, Texas, and entered the horse business. In 1886, he set out to find a band of horse thieves who had been operating in the area and tracked them to New Mexico, returning both the thieves and the horses to Texas. This gained him the attention of the Texas Rangers, which he joined in 1887. Hughes was a lawman before joining the Texas Rangers, Company D, in 1887. He was made captain in 1893 and during his career arrested and killed numerous outlaws. He committed suicide in 1946, at the age of eighty-nine.


Thomas J. Hueston (18??-1893) - Appointed as a U.S. Deputy Marshal in Oklahoma Territory, Hueston was with other deputy marshals when they tracked down Doolin-Dalton Gang member Oliver Yantis, who had participated in Caney, Oklahoma train robbery and the Spearville, Kansas bank robbery in the fall of 1892. Trailing the fugitive to his sister's ranch near Orlando, Oklahoma , a gunfight erupted when the fugitive resisted arrest and Hueston shot and killed the outlaw. Later; however, when Hueston was still on the the trail of the Doolin-Dalton Gang, he would not be so lucky. On September 1, 1893, Hueston was with a posse who were trying to capture several members hiding out in Ingalls, Oklahoma when the famous Ingalls Gunbattle erupted. In the melee, Hueston was shot by "Arkansas Tom" Jones. Hueston died the following day. Two other fellow officers, Deputy Lafeyette Shadley and Dick Speed were also killed in the shoot-out.


James HumeJames B. Hume (1827-1904) - Hailing from Delaware County, New York, Hume left his home in 1850 to seek his fortune in the California goldfields. He began his career as a lawman in Hangtown (now Placerville,) California in 1862 when he was appointed City Marshal. In 1864 he was appointed Under sheriff of El Dorado County, a position he held for five years. In 1869 he was elected Sheriff after having won the election in 1868. In 1873 James B. Hume became the Chief Special Officer of Wells, Fargo & Company and to protect the gold the stages carried, he had it casted in balls so heavy the robbers couldn't move them. His reputation as a relentless pursuer of lawbreakers was soon bolstered by his arrest of the famous stage robber, Black Bart.


Alexander Cameron Hunt (1825-1894) - Born in New York on December 25, 1825, Hunt made his way west when he grew up, landing in Denver in 1859. In June, 1862, he was appointed as a U.S. Marshal for the Colorado District. Hunt was later appointed governor of Colorado by President Johnson in May, 1867, a position he held until June, 1869. He then began to work in the railroad industry and became interested in coal mines near Laredo, Texas. However, he continued to live in Denver. He died in Chicago, Illinois on May 24, 1894.



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