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After the Civil War, many of the men who had become accustomed to violence, and often having lost their lands or fortunes, turned quickly to the other side of the law.
As these many outlaw tales were taking place on the American Frontier, those puritan folks in the east, longing for adventure and entertainment, greedily absorbed every word of the shocking newspaper headlines and the exaggerated tales in “dime novels” that were often published before an outlaw even had time to escape, was jailed, or was killed in a shoot-out.
Epeminto Aguelari – An outlaw who killed Jose A. Samora at Wallace, New Mexico on April 20, 1884.
Ceberiano Aguilar – An outlaw who fought and died in the Horrell War of Lincoln County, New Mexico in 1874.
Donaciano Aguilar – An outlaw who was sentenced to life imprisonment in New Mexico on November 24, 1909.
Reymundo Aguilar – A outlaw who fought and died in the Horrell War of Lincoln County, New Mexico in 1874.
Felix Aguillan – Outlaw member of the Castillo Gang.
Jermin Aguirre (18??-1875) – A member of the Mes Gang, which competed with the John Kinney Gang in New Mexico. On August 8, 1875, Aguirre, along with Jesus Mes, Pas Mes, and Tomas Madril were ambushed and killed by the John Kinney Gang and Jesse Evans near the San Augustin Ranch.
Eugenio Alarid – A crooked lawman and outlaw, Alarid was a member of the Las Vegas, New Mexico police force and a member of Vicente Silva’s White Caps Gang. At the request of Silva, Alarid, along with to more crooked lawmen, Jose Chavez y Chavez, and Julian Trujillo lynched Patricio Maes on October 22, 1892. All three men were eventually arrested for the murder of Maes and sentenced to life in prison.
Nasario Alarid – An New Mexico outlaw, he was finally captured and sentenced to 99 years in prison on September 17, 1906.
John Alexander (18??-1874) – An outlaw and horse thief, Alexander was shot and killed by a mob in Belton, Texas when they caught him trying to steal horses on May 25, 1874.
William Alexander (18??-??) – A Mexican-American who was convicted of murdering his business partner on October 21, 1889. He hired a shrewd lawyer and though found guilty, was one few spared from the hanging gallows at Fort Smith, Arkansas. He ended up walking free. Bill Allen – A Texas outlaw and robber, Allen occasionally rode with the Jesse Evans Gang.
“Bladder” Allen – An outlaw in Lincoln County, New Mexico, Allen was jailed for stabbing a man in White Oaks, New Mexico.
James Allen – An outlaw, Allen killed James Moorehead in Las Vegas, New Mexico, allegedly over a dispute about eggs on March. 2, 1880. He was sent to prison but escaped and later killed by a pursuing posse.
Joseph Allen (18??-1909) – A gunfighter who was involved in a bitter feud in Ada, Oklahoma, was later arrested for the murder of Gus Bobbitt. On April 19, 1909, a vigilante mob of 150-200 men stormed the jail, and dragged out Allen, along with Jim Miller, Jesse West, and D.B. Burrell. The four were hanged in an abandoned barn behind the jail.
Malachi Allen (18??-1889) – Wanted for gunning down two men in July 1888 in the Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory, Allen was involved in a vicious gunfight with Deputy Marshal McAlester and his posse. Wounded in the arm he was taken back to Fort Smith, Arkansas, where the arm was amputated shortly before he was hanged on April 19, 1889.
Charles Allison – A lawman turned outlaw, Allison was appointed deputy sheriff of Conjos County, Colorado, but soon organized a band of outlaws. Robbing stages between Colorado and New Mexico, he was captured in 1881 by Sheriff Matt Kyle and sent to prison. He was released in 1890.
Jack “Red Jack” Almer, aka: Jack Averill (18??-1883) – Almer was the leader of the Red Jack Gang who preyed on Arizona stagecoaches during the early 1880s. After robbing a stage near Globe, Arizona stage on August 10, 1883, he was pursued and killed in a gunfight.
Wade Alsup – A Texas outlaw, Alsup was lynched by 15 masked men in Blue, Texas on June 27, 1877.
Juan Alvarid – A vicious Mexican outlaw, Juan was lynched in Socorro, New Mexico, on August 16, 1882, for raping an 8-year-old girl.
Leonard Alverson – A thief and smuggler, Alverson was accused, with two other men, of robbing a post office at Steins Pass, New Mexico on December 9, 1897. Though he was guilty of other crimes, this one he had not committed. He and the other men were imprisoned, but in 1899, Thomas Black Jack Ketchum confessed to the crime and the three men were freed.
Burton Alvord (1866-1910) – An Arizona lawman who turned outlaw in the 1890s when he began to drink too much.
Martin Amador – A New Mexico outlaw, Amador was hanged for murder in Deming, on January 13, 1908.
Fred Amos – An outlaw and highwayman in California in the late 1860s, Amos was captured and sentenced to ten years prison for a holdup. One story ways that after the sentencing, he asked the judge to play a game of seven-up with him, double or nothing. Fred lost and got 20 years in San Quentin.
David L. Anderson, aka: William “Billy” Wilson, Buffalo Bill (1862-1918) – Most commonly known as “Billy Wilson,” he was a member of Billy the Kid’s Gang of rustlers. He was later the sheriff of Terrell County, New Mexico.
Hank Andrews – A New Mexico outlaw, Andrews was lynched by vigilantes in February 1884 near Tularosa.
Justin Anjo – A California outlaw, Anjo was lynched for shooting a man to death on July 12, 1877.
Ernest Anthony – Outlaw horse thief, Anthony was jailed in Springer, New Mexico in March 1885, was pardoned, then captured again twice more, escaping both times. He then changed his name and moved to Wyoming.
Henry Antrim – See William Bonney, aka: Billy the Kid
Maximo Apodaca (18??-1885) – An outlaw and murderer, Apodaca was convicted of murdering the Nesmith family in White Sands, New Mexico. Sent to prison, he committed suicide in prison in 1885.
Bill Applegate – Applegate led a gang of rustlers in New Mexico during the 1870s.
Nicholas Aragon – An outlaw who sometimes rode with Billy the Kid, Aragon was a cattle rustler and murderer. When tracked down by Lincoln County Deputy Sheriff Jasper Corn on October 26, 1884, Aragon shot him. When he was tracked down once again by Lincoln County Sheriff John Poe and a posse on January 27, 1885, the killer shot down Deputy Sheriff John Hurley. Only after he was shot and wounded did he finally surrender. Convicted of murder, he was sentenced to life in prison.
Doroteo Arango Arámbula, aka: Francisco ”Pancho” Villa (1877-1923) – Outlaw, cattle rustler, and Mexican revolutionist, Pancho made numerous successful raids along the U.S. border. He was assassinated in Parral, Chihuahua, Mexico in 1923.
James Arcine (or Arcene) (18??-1885) – Cherokee Indians, Arcine and William Parchmeal killed a traveler named Henry Feigel as he was making his way through Indian Territory in 1872. Thirteen years later they were finally arrested, convicted, and hanged at Fort Smith, Arkansas on June 26, 1885.
William Arnett (18??-1862) – Arnett showed up in Goldcreek, Montana on August 21, 1862, along with two other men named C.W. Spillman and B.F. Jermagin. The men had with them six excellent horses, but little or no supplies, which seemed a little odd to the locals. Four days later, on August 25th, two men from Elk City, Idaho, also arrived in Goldcreek saying that they had trailed the three men from the Idaho gold camps, where the horses had been stolen. Arnett was playing in a local saloon when he was confronted, but choosing to shoot it out, he was killed. According to legend, he clutched his cards so tightly in one hand, that he was buried with them.
David Arguello – Convicted of murdering Colorado peace officer, Francisco Garcia on October 19, 1905, Arguello was legally hanged in Raton, New Mexico on May 25, 1906.
Willis Arrington – A Texas outlaw, Arrington was charged with rustling cattle in 1881.
George Ashby – A horse thief that operated in Texas and Montana, Ashby killed a sheriff near the Powder River in Montana.
Joe Asque (18??-1877?) – When outlaw cattle rustler was captured near Hillsboro, New Mexico, he was lynched around 1877. However, the outlaw was able to cut himself down from the hangman’s noose and escaped.
David Atkins (18??-1964) – An outlaw and member of the Black Jack Ketchum gang, Atkins robbed trains throughout New Mexico, West Texas, and Arizona. He broke with the gang in 1898. Two years later he arrested in Montana for a Texas murder and was extradited. Out on bail, he escaped and would not be recaptured until 1911. Convicted of murder, it is amazing that he only received five years in prison. He died in 1964, having spent his last 32 years in a mental institution.
James Averell or (Averill) (1851-1889) – An alleged Wyoming cattle rustler who was not guilty, Averell was hanged, along with “Cattle Kate” Watson, by a cattle baron faction in 1889, just one of the many incidents that led to the Johnson County War.
Jesus Avott(a) – Convicted of horse theft in October 1889, Avott was sentenced to a year in the Arizona Territorial Prison in Yuma. He and several others, including the Apache Kid, were to be transported by stagecoach from Globe to Casa Grande, before being put on a train to Yuma. However, the stagecoach wouldn’t make it. On the second day of the trip, November 2, 1889, all but two of the prisoners were set out to walk up a steep ascent. However, the prisoners who were walking overpowered their guard and the driver, killing them both, and wounding another. The Apache Kid and the others quickly fled, leaving Avott behind. The young horse thief then cut loose one of the team horses and rode to the Riverside stage station near present-day Kelvin, Arizona. Reporting what had happened, Avott was pardoned by Governor Lewis Wolfley and did no time in prison. Afterward, he disappeared into history.
By Kathy Weiser-Alexander, updated May 2021.
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