Summary of Native American Tribes – S

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Creek Warrior by Frederic Remington, 1906

Creek Warrior by Frederic Remington, 1906

Sawokli – Belonging to the Muscogean linguistic stock, they formerly lived on the Chattahoochee River in the northeastern part of the present Barbour County, Alabama. A Spanish mission, Santa Cruz de Sabacola, was established in among one section of the tribe by Bishop Calderón of Cubain 1675, and missionaries were sent to a larger body among the Creek tribe in 1679 and again in 1681. Most of the Indians surrounding these; however, soon became hostile and those who were Christianized withdrew to the junction of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, where they were settled not far from the newly established Chatot missions. The Sawokli appear to have remained in the same general region until 1706 or 1707, when they were displaced by hostile Indians, probably of the Creek tribe. In the early 1700’s they split up into several settlements but followed the fortunes of the Lower Creek Indians. In 1750, they were reported to number about 50 men living in four settlements, and in 1832, they numbered about 187 people.

Seechelt – A Salish tribe who lived on the Jervis and Seechelt inlets of Nelson Island, and the south part of Texada Island, British Columbia, Canada. They spoke distinct dialect that historians believed made them related to the Lillooet. By the early 1900’s, they all lived in one town called Chatelech, around the mission founded by Bishop Dnrieu, who converted them to Roman Catholicism. Their population in 1902 was said to have been around 300.

Sekani –  A group of Athapascan tribes who lived in the valleys of upper Peace River and its tributaries and on the west slope of the Rocky Mountains, in British Columbia, Canada. Their name means “dwellers on the rocks.”  At one time, they were untied into one large tribe, but due to their nomadic ways, gradually separated into small distinct tribes, having no affiliation with one another. Though of slighter build and shorter stature than neighboring tribes, they were described as having great savageness. Their complete isolation in the Rocky mountains and their reputation for merciless and cold-blooded savagery cause them to be dreaded by other tribes. Though nomadic, they didn’t sleep in tents, but rather brush huts that were often open to the weather. Subsisting on wild game, they didn’t fish, looking upon it as an unmanly occupation. They had no chiefs but the oldest and most influential in each band was looked upon for council. In 1893, they were divided into nine tribes, each being composed of a number of bands.

Seminole Indians, Miami, Keystone View Co, 1926

Seminole Indians in Miami, Keystone View Co., 1926. Click for prints, products and downloads.

Semiahmoo – A Salish tribe who lived about the Semiahmoo Bay in northwest Washington and southwest British Columbia.  In 1843 they numbered about 300 and in 1909 there were 38 of the tribe on the Canadian side.

Seminole – One of the Five Civilized Tribes, and part of the Creek Confederation, the Seminole originally were made up of emigrants from the Lower Creek towns on the Chattahoochee River, who moved down into Florida following the destruction of the Apalachee and other Native American tribes. They were at first classed with the Lower Creek tribe, but began to be known under their present name about 1775. They consisted chiefly of descendants of the Creek and Hitchiti tribes, with a considerable number of refugees from the Upper Creek after the Creek War, together with remnants of Yamasee and other conquered tribes, Yuchi, and a large African-American element of runaway slaves. In 1799, they had about seven villages, which increased over time. More …

Seneca Chief Red Jacket, R.W. Weir, 1800's

Seneca Chief Red Jacket, R.W. Weir, 1800’s. Click for prints, products and downloads.

Seneca – The Seneca tribe were divided into two separate entities: The Northeastern Seneca Indians from New York, and the Seneca Indians from Ohio. The New York Seneca tribe became part of the Iroquois Nation, while the Ohio Seneca fought the Iroquois alongside the Algonquian Nation. The Ohio Seneca Indians were also known as the Mingo Indians, and are believed to have relocated to Ohio to avoid a takeover from the New York Seneca tribe.

Senijextee – A Salish tribe formerly residing on both sides of Columbia River from Kettle Falls to the Canadian boundary; they also occupied the Valley of Kettle River; Kootenay River form its mouth to the first falls, and the region of the Arrow Lakes, British Columbia. In 1909 those in the United States numbered 342 on the Colville Reservation, Washington.

Serrano – A Shoshonean division located primarily in the San Bernardino Mountains of southern California, their name is Spanish for “highlander,” or “mountaineer.” They also ranged north of Los Angeles and extended down the Mohave River to present-day Daggett, California, and occupied the San Bernardino Valley.

Fray Francisco Garcés in 1775, described them as living near Tejon Creek, under their Mohave name of Cuahajai or Cuabajay, in large square communal houses made of toile mats on a framework of willow limbs. They made small baskets, flint knives, and vessels inlaid with mother-of-pearl, and conducted much trade with the natives of the coast near Santa Barbara. The Serrano on the upper waters of Santa Ana River, he also called by their Mohave name – Jenequich. Fray described them as approachable, quiet, inoffensive, and having good hearts. Physically, he said they were of medium stature, round-faced, flat-nosed, and rather ugly. The men generally went naked while the women covered themselves with deerskins. The Serrano were brought under the San Gabriel and San Fernando Missions. In 1885, there were 390 Serrano counted under the Mission agencies, but afterwards, they were no longer separately counted.

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Summaries:  A  B  C  D  E-I  J-K  L-M  N  O  P  Q-R  S  T-V  W  X-Z

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