Nabedache – A tribe from eastern Texas, their name means “blackberry place” in the Caddo language. The Nabedache was the western branch of the Hasinai branch of the Caddo Confederacy. Their traditional territory was located between the Neches and Trinity Rivers. European contract brought devastating diseases, and the Nabedache suffered an epidemic in 1690-91. In the ensuing century, their principal village was 12–15 miles west of the Neches River. The tribe moved further up the Neches between 1779 and 1784. Ultimately, they were forced to relocate to the Wichita Reservation in Indian Territory in the 19th century. Today they are enrolled in the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.
Nacisi – Also known as Nacassa and Nahacassi, this tribe was probably a Caddoan group. They lived on the Red River in Louisiana. In 1790 they had moved out of that area and were under the jurisdiction of the Nacogdoche Indians in Texas.
Nacogdoche – The Nacogdoche are a Caddoan tribe of the Hasinai group in eastern Texas who lived in the vicinity of present-day Nacogdoches in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1716 the Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches Mission was established in the principal Nacogdoche settlement and was intermittently maintained until 1773. The tribe was greatly reduced by disease and warfare by 1800. Many of the Nacogdoche were absorbed by the population of the Spanish settlement established at Nacogdoches in 1779, while others lost their identity among other nearby Hasinai tribes. Descendants of the Nacogdoche Indians are probably included in these Hasinai survivors, who today live in Caddo County, Oklahoma.
Nakota, aka: Yankton, Yanktonai – Nakota is the name they give themselves and means “Allies” or “Confederates,” expressing their intimate relationship with the Dakota and Lakhota Sioux tribes. The Yankton lived in the southern part of what is now South Dakota, and the Yanktonai lived to the north. They lived in teepees and were in most other respects of the Plains Culture. They generally displaced the more sedentary Arikara in the north, in the south they fought the Pawnee. They now live on the Crow-Creek and the Lower Brule Reservations in central South Dakota.
Naltunnetunne – An Athapascan tribe formerly living on the coast of Oregon between the Tututni and the Chetco tribes, their name means “people among the mushrooms. They had a dialect distinct from that of the Tututni that is no longer spoken. Like many other West Coast Indian tribes, the Naltunnetunne Indians were relocated to the Siletz Reservation in Oregon during the 1800s, where they were merged with other native peoples. In 1877 they numbered 77 people.
Nanatsoho – Part of the Kadohadacho branch of the Caddo Confederacy, the Nanatsoho lived at the border of Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. During the late 17th and early 18th centuries, they settled along the Great Bend of the Red River, in present-day Bowie and Red River Counties. Henri Joutel, a French adventurer, was the first known European to have contact with the tribe in 1687. Ultimately, they assimilated into other Kadohadacho tribes in the 19th century and are enrolled in the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma today.
Nanticoke – Originally, the Nanticoke lived in Delaware and Maryland. The Nanticoke people were known for their sympathy for escaped slaves, many of whom they sheltered. Today, many Nanticoke people still live in Delaware, while others have joined the Delaware (Lenape) and Munsee groups in their forced migrations.
Napissa – This tribe was united with the Chickasaw living in adjoining villages and speaking the same or a similar language. They disappeared from history early in the 18th century, probably absorbed by the Chickasaw.
Napochi – A Muskogean tribe, they lived near the Coosa River in Alabama. In 1560 they were known to have been at war with the Coças (Creek). Sometimes known as the Napochee, they were relatives of the Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes. The Napochi no longer exist as a distinct tribe and are be believed to have merged into the Chickasaw, Choctaw and/or Acolapissa tribes.
Narragansett – There were more than 10,000 Narragansett in the early 1600s but this had dropped to half that number by 1674. Today they are a federally recognized tribe in Rhode Island.
Natchez – The Natchez are a Native American people who originally lived in the Natchez Bluffs area, near the present-day city of Natchez, Mississippi. They were a socially advanced people whose language has no known affinities. The Natchez are noted for having distinct social classes that dictated their responsibilities and privileges. Today, most Natchez families and communities are found in Oklahoma, mainly within the Cherokee and Creek nations. The last speaker of the language died in 1965.
Natchitoches – From Louisiana, this tribe was part of the Caddo Confederacy. In the early 17th century they were joined by some of the remnants of the Kadohadacho, a tribe with many members who had been killed or enslaved by the Chickasaw. They settled on the Cane River around present-day Natchitoches, Louisiana, which is a city named after the tribe. The Natchitoches do not exist as a distinct tribe today. They merged together with other Caddoan tribes in the 1700s. They are enrolled in the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma today.
Nauset – Shortly after Columbus’ voyage to the New World in 1492, a steady stream of European explorers, fishermen, and adventurers began regular visits to the coast of New England. Located on a landmark as obvious as Cape Cod, the Nauset had contact with Europeans at an early date, but these first meetings were not always friendly. Through the years, the native community at Mashpee has become associated with the Wampanoag, although many of its members are descendants of the Nauset. The current population is about 1,100.