Cowboys, Trail Blazers, & Stagecoach Drivers List



Do not go where the path may lead;

go instead where there is no path

 and leave a trail.

— Ralph Waldo Emerson



Abbot Downing Company (1827-1847, 1865-1919) – The maker of the world-renowned Concord Stage, the organization built thousands of stagecoaches during the many decades they were in business.

Hugh Anderson (18??-1873) – The son of a wealthy Bell County, Texas cattleman, Anderson followed in his father’s footsteps, becoming a cowboy and driving the herds up the Texas Trails to Kansas. He was involved in the Hyde Park Gunfight in Newton, Kansas, and was later killed in a revenge duel.


Billy Bailey  (18??-1871) – A lawman and cowboy, Bailey was thought to have been from Texas before winding up in Newton, Kansas, where he was shot down in a gunfight.

William Becknell (1788-1856) – A frontiersman and trader who established the Santa Fe Trail.

John M. Bozeman

John M. Bozeman

John M. Bozeman (1835–1867) – Bozeman scouted and blazed the Bozeman Trail through Wyoming to Virginia City, Montana.

John Braden (18??-1896) – Working for various stagecoach outfits for several decades before settling down in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Braden died a hero when he saved several people from a burning wagon.

John Butterfield (1801-1869) – Getting his start as a stagecoach driver at the age of 19, Butterfield parlayed his shrewd business sense to own and operate American Express and the Overland Mail Company.


Nate Champion (1857-1892) – A top Texas cowboy, Champion moved to Wyoming, where he became involved in the Johnson County War and was killed.

Jesse Chisholm (1805?- 1868) – Though Jesse Chisholm blazed the famous Chisholm Trail, he never herded cattle. Rather, he used the path to transport goods to and from his trading posts.

John Simpson Chisum (1824-1884) – John Chisum was a cattle baron who moved longhorn herds from Texas into New Mexico in the mid-1800s, where he founded one of the largest cattle ranches in the American West.

Clanton Gang, aka: The Cowboys – The Clanton family and their ranch hands were a loosely organized gang of outlaws who operated along the Mexican border, stealing cattle, robbing  stagecoaches, ambushing teamsters, and committing murder.

William “Buffalo Bill” Frederick Cody (1846-1917) Buffalo Bill was a freighter, cattle driver, Pony Express rider, Civil War soldier, buffalo hunter, and army scout before he began entertaining great numbers of people in his Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show.


Mary Fields

Mary Fields

Mary Fields, aka: Stagecoach Mary (1832-1914) – Born as a slave in Tennessee, Fields was one of the first women entrepreneurs, stagecoach drivers, pioneers of the American West.

Clark “Old Chieftain” Foss, aka: Old Foss (1819-??) – A boisterous and colorful driver, Foss ran a stage through Napa Valley, California during the 1860s and took many sightseers to the famed geysers in the Calistoga and Geyserville area.

Johnny Fry (1840-1863) – The first “official” westbound rider of the Pony Express and a Union soldier killed during the Civil War.


Charles J. Goodnight (1836-1929) – Goodnight was a cowboy and Texas Ranger who blazed the Goodnight-Loving Trail, invented the chuckwagon, and become part owner in one of the largest ranches in the Texas panhandle.

George “Baldy” Green – One of the most popular stage drivers in the Sierra Nevadas, his stages were so prone to robbery that he was finally let go.


Aztec Cowboys, 1877

Aztec Cowboys, 1877

The Hash-Knife Outfit (1884-1900) – The Aztec Land and Cattle Company of Boston became the third-largest cattle company in North America in the late 1800s in Holbrook, Arizona.

Robert “Pony Bob” Haslam (1840-1912) A Pony Express rider who set the record for the longest ride, Pony Bob also served as a U.S. Deputy Marshal, an army scout, and a stage driver for Wells-Fargo

Charles C. Haynes (1837-??) – One of the most prominent drivers on the Overland Stage Line, Haynes drove for 20 years.

Ben Holladay (1819-1887) – Holladay began several stagecoach routes and became known as the “Stagecoach King.”


Bose Ikard (1847-1929) – A former slave, Ikard honed his cowboy skills and rode with Charles Goodnight.


Gordon William “Pawnee Bill” Lillie – (1860-1942) – A performer in Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show, Pawnee Bill later formed his own act, becoming so popular he was stiff competition for Buffalo Bill.

Nat Love, aka: Deadwood Dick (1854-1921) – Nat Love, also known as “Deadwood” Dick was said to have been the greatest black cowboy in all of the Old West.

Oliver Loving (1812-1867) – A cattle rancher and pioneer of the cattle drive who, along with Charles J. Goodnight, developed the Goodnight-Loving Trail. He was killed by Indians while on a cattle drive.

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