Western Theater of the Civil War

Battle of Atlanta, Georgia

Battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864, by Kurz & Allison,1888.

Atlanta Campaign (May-September 1864)

The Atlanta Campaign followed the Union victory in the Battles for Chattanooga in November 1863. When Chattanooga, known as the “Gateway to the South”, was captured, it opened the gateway. After Ulysses S. Grant was promoted to general-in-chief of all UUnion armies he left General William T. Sherman, in charge of the Western armies. Grant’s strategy was to apply pressure against the Confederacy in several coordinated offensives. While he and other generals advanced in Virginia against Robert E. Lee, and General Nathaniel Banks attempted to capture Mobile, Alabama, Sherman was assigned the mission of defeating Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston’s army, capturing Atlanta, and striking through Georgia and the Confederate heartland.

The campaign consisted of a series of battles fought in the Western Theater throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864. Union Major General William T. Sherman invaded Georgia from the vicinity of Chattanooga, Tennessee, beginning in May 1864. Johnston’s Army of Tennessee withdrew toward Atlanta in the face of successive flanking maneuvers by Sherman’s group of armies. In July, Confederate President Jefferson Davis replaced Johnston with the more aggressive John Bell Hood, who began challenging the Union Army in a series of damaging frontal assaults. Hood’s army was eventually besieged in Atlanta and the city fell on September 2, 1864, setting the stage for Sherman’s March to the Sea and hastening the end of the war.

The Union victory resulted in estimated casualties of Casualties and losses 31,687 Union, including, 4,423 killed, 22,822 wounded, and 4,442 missing or captured. Confederate casualties were estimated at 34,979, which included 3,044 killed, 18,952 wounded, and 12,983  missing or captured.

Battles:

Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia
Resaca, Georgia
Adairsville, Georgia
Dallas, Georgia
Pickett’s Mill, Georgia
Marietta, Georgia
Kolb’s Farm, Georgia
Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia
Peachtree Creek, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
Ezra Church, Georgia
Utoy Creek, Georgia
Dalton II, Georgia
Lovejoy’s Station, Georgia
Jonesborough, Georgia

Morgan’s Raid into Kentucky – June 1864

Cynthiana, Kentucky

Confederate Major General Nathan B. Forrest’s raid on Memphis on August 21, 1864, by Harper’s Weekly.

Forrest’s Defense of Mississippi – June-August, 1864

Tupelo, Mississippi
Brice’s Cross Roads, Mississippi
Memphis, Tennessee

Franklin-Nashville Campaign – September-December, 1864

Allatoona, Georgia
Decatur, Alabama
JohnsonvilleTennessee
Columbia, Tennessee
Spring Hill, Tennessee
Franklin, Tennessee
Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Nashville, Tennessee

Burbridge’s Raid into Southwest Virginia – October 1864

Saltville, Virginia

Breckenridge’s Advance into East Tennessee – November 1864

Bull’s Gap, Tennessee

Savannah Campaign – November-December, 1864

Griswoldville, Georgia
Buck Head Creek, Georgia
Honey Hill, South Carolina
Waynesborough, Georgia
Fort McAllister II, Georgia

Stoneman’s Raid into Southwest Virginia – December 1864

Marion, Virginia
Saltville, Virginia

Campaign of the Carolinas – February-April 1865 

Rivers’ Bridge, South Carolina
Wyse Fork, North Carolina – March 7-10, 1865
Monroe’s Cross, North Carolina – March 10, 1865
Averasborough, North Carolina – March 16, 1865
Bentonville, North Carolina – March 19-21, 1865

Mobile Campaign – March-April, 1865

Spanish Fort, Alabama
Fort Blakely, Alabama
Mobile Bay, Alabama

Wilson’s Raid in Alabama and Georgia – April 1865

Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Ebenezer Church, Alabama
Selma, Alabama
Munford, Alabama

Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America,  November 2018.

Also See:

The Civil War

Eastern Theater of the Civil War

Civil War Trans-Mississippi Theater

Lower Seaboard Theater & Gulf Approach

War & Military

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