Civil War Battles of Mississippi

Mississippi Civil War Battles courtesy National Park Service.

Mississippi Civil War Battles courtesy National Park Service.

Siege of Corinth (April 29-May 30, 1862)

Iuka (September 19, 1862)

Corinth (October 3-4, 1862)

Chickasaw Bayou (December 26-29, 1862)

Vicksburg Campaign (March-July 1863)

Grand Gulf  (April 29, 1863)

Snyder’s Bluff (April 29-May 1, 1863)

Bruinsburg Crossing (April 30, 1863)

Port Gibson (May 1, 1863)

Raymond (May 12, 1863)

Jackson (May 14, 1863)

Champion Hill  (May 16, 1863)

Big Black River Bridge (May 17, 1863)

Siege of Vicksburg  (May 18-July 4, 1863)

Meridian (February 14-20, 1864)

Okolona (February 22, 1864)

Brice’s Cross Roads (June 10, 1864)

Tupelo (July 14-15, 1864)

Unidentified Confederate soldier, by Charles Rees, 1861.

Unidentified Confederate soldier, by Charles Rees, 1861.

The second state to declare secession from the Union, on January 9, 1861, Mississippi joined with six other states the next month to form the Confederate States of America. Long a hotbed of secession and states’ rights, Mississippi proclaimed: “Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery–the greatest material interest of the world.” With South Carolina, Mississippi was one of only two states in the Union in 1860, where most of the population were slaves.

Its location on the Mississippi River made it strategically important to both the Union and the Confederacy, resulting in dozens of battles as troops repeatedly clashed near Mississippi’s key towns and cities, such as Corinth, Jackson, Natchez, and Vicksburg.

Although there were small pockets of citizens who remained sympathetic to the Union, the vast majority of Mississippians embraced the Confederate cause, and thousands flocked to the military.

About 80,000 white men from Mississippi fought in the Confederate Army, and some 500 white Mississippians fought for the Union. Soldiers from the Magnolia State fought in every major theater of the war, although most were concentrated in the Western Theater.

As the war progressed, many freed or escaped slaves joined the United States Colored Troops and similar black regiments, including more than 17,000 black Mississippi soldiers fighting for the Union.

Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated June 2021.

Also See:

Western Theater of the Civil War

Civil War Trans-Mississippi & Pacific Coast Theaters

Eastern Theater of the Civil War

Lower Seaboard Theater & Gulf Approach of the Civil War

Article Source: National Park Service