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The Civil War

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The Union Army taking control of the railroad crossing during the Siege of Corinth.

The Union Army taking control of the railroad crossing during the Siege of Corinth, Mississippi.

This image available for prints and downloads HERE.




We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.

-- Abraham Lincoln, November 19, 1863, The Gettysburg Address




Historic Civil War and Military Photographs

Federal Soldiers of the Civil War

This image available for photographic prints & downloads HERE!




Civil War Articles:


Bleeding Kansas & the Missouri Border War

Campaigns of the Civil War

Battles of the Eastern Theater Battles

Battles of the Lower Seaboard & Gulf Approach

Battles of the Pacific Coast Theater

Battles of the Trans-Mississippi Theater

Battles of the Western Theater

Causes of the Civil War

A Cavalry Raid

The Civil War in New Mexico

Civil War Facts & Trivia

Civil War Maps

Civil War Slideshow (See Below)

Combatants of the Civil War

Confederate Graves on the Natchez Trace

The Confederate States of America

The Curtain Drawn Aside

Deadlier Than the Male - Female Spies

Death & Dying in the Civil War

Evolution of National Cemeteries

Fort Sumter, South Carolina - Starting the Civil War

Galvanized Yankees

General "Jo" Shelby and His Great Raid through Missouri

The Gettysburg Address

The Guilty Deserter

Hardtack and Coffee

The Little Monitor and the Merrimac

Non-Combat Branches in the Civil War

On the March

People of the Civil War - History, Tales & More

Photographs of the Civil War

Pick & Shovel Warfare in the Civil War

A Private in Battle

Reconstruction Era


Timeline & Leading Events

The Underground Railroad

Riding on the Underground Railroad

The Union in the Civil War




Did You Know?


After 48 days of siege, Confederate General John C. Pemberton surrendered the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi to Union General

Ulysses S. Grant. For  the next 81 years, the city Vicksburg, did not celebrate the Fourth of July.




From 1861 to 1865, the United States was torn apart by the Civil War that resulted, primarily, by the issue of slavery. Though many of the disagreements between the North and South had been brewing since the American Revolution ended in 1782, the crisis began to come to a head in the 1850’s. It was at this time that northern factions feared that those supporting slavery had too much control in government and the South feared losing that control to anti-slavery forces. Other issues at hand included state’s rights vs. federal power, the economic merits of free labor vs. slave labor, expansionism, modernization, and taxes.

Adding fuel to the fire was the nation’s growth westward. As new territories such as Kansas and Nebraska were added, the Southern factions felt that slavery should be allowed in these new territories, while the "Free Soilers” were set against it. This led to open warfare between Kansas and Missouri, generally referred to in history as "Bleeding Kansas.” One of the many precursors to the Civil War, these many battles pitted neighbor against neighbor.

It was this dispute over the expansion of slavery into the new territories and the election of Abraham Lincoln as president on November 6, 1860 that finally led to the secession of eleven Southern states. Though Lincoln did not propose federal laws making slavery unlawful where it already existed, his sentiments regarding a "divided nation” were well known.

On December 20, 1860, South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union and within two months, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas followed. On February 9, 1861, the Confederate States of America States of America was formed with President Jefferson Davis at its helm.

Fighting began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked a Federal military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina.

In the beginning, most believed that the war would be short-lived, but the North underestimated the determination of the South to remain independent. The battles raged over four long years, with some three million men fighting for their cause and resulting in the loss of some 620,000 lives. Confederate General Robert E. Lee, after being forced to abandon the Confederate capital of Richmond, surrendered at Appomattox Virginia on April 9, 1865, effectively ending the Civil War, although small sporadic battles would occur months later.

In the end, the Union prevailed resulting in the restoration of the United States and the end of slavery.




Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated October, 2015.


A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved -- I do not expect the house to fall -- but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other.


-- Abraham Lincoln in his acceptance speech for the Republican State Senatorial nomination on June 16, 1858.


Our Heaven Born Banner

Our heaven born banner by William Bauly, 1861.

This image available for prints & downloads HERE!



Civil War Slideshow:



All images available for photo prints & commercial downloads HERE.


From Legends' Photo Shop

American Wars and Military Prints and DownloadsAmerican Wars & Military Photographs - From our Photo Print Shop, you'll find dramatic glimpses into the many American Wars in our history, including the Civil War, American Revolution, and other military expeditions and battles that occurred in American History. From battlegrounds, to generals, Indian Campaigns, the cavalry, and everything in between, you'll find it hundreds of images available for prints and downloads. 

American Wars and Military Prints and Downloads


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