(1898-1937) Pioneering female aviator and the first woman to fly
solo across the Atlantic Ocean, she achieved many aviation firsts and
set numerous transcontinental records before disappearing in the South
Pacific while attempting to fly around the world.
Josephine Sarah "Josie" Marcus Earp, aka: Sadie (1861-1944) - Josephine was a professional dancer and
actress involved with Johnny Behan in
The two immediately got involved and by 1882 she was
using the last name of "Earp."
She spent her last years in
and died on December 20, 1944.
Mattie Earp - See
Celia Ann "Mattie" Blaylock
Fields, aka: Stagecoach Mary (1832-1914) - Born as a slave in
Tennessee, Fields was one of the first women entrepreneurs, stagecoach
drivers, pioneers of the American West. Orphaned as a child, she
grew up with Ursuline nuns but received no formal education.
With the nuns she traveled west but never known for
her quiet temperament, she left
the convent when she was still in her teens. Living by her wits and
strength, she became known, as a hard drinker, a notorious brawler, a
cigar smoker and one of the wildest women of her time.
pistol-packing muscular, six-foot tall woman drew attention wherever
she went and was constantly re-inventing herself as a successful
entrepreneur. Over the years, she ran several restaurants in a
number of towns in
Wyoming, and southern Canada.
Never married, she found her ideal job in
1895 when she became a U.S. mail coach driver for the
Cascade County region of central Montana. She and her mule Moses,
never missed a day, and it was in this capacity that she earned her
nickname of "Stagecoach," for her unfailing reliability. When she
retired in Cascade, Montana, spending most of her time gardening, she
was befriended by Gary Cooper;
the actor who, as a child, grew up with her as a neighbor.
In 1914 she died of a failure of her liver. Neighbors buried
her in the Hillside Cemetery in Cascade, marking the spot with a
simple wooden cross. Given the
limitations society placed on her by her skin color and gender, Fields
stands out as a woman who was far ahead of her times during those
adventurous days of the
Lavinia Fisher (1793-1820)
- America's first female serial killer, she was hanged in
Charleston, South Carolina in 1820. Today,
her ghost is said to continue to
haunt this historic city.
Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) Leading female intellectual and
author of the pioneering feminist work Women in the Nineteenth
Century in 1845. She edited for Ralph Waldo Emerson, and while
writing literary and social criticism in Europe for the New York
Tribune, became America's first female correspondent.
Gannett (1760-1827) She signed up for the 4th Massachusetts
Regiment under an assumed male name, becoming the first woman to
enlist as a soldier in the American army. After being wounded nineteen
months later, she received an honorable medical discharge and, later,
a military pension.
Gilman (1860-1935) Writer and lecturer on women's role in
society, she was a leading feminist theorist and instrument of change.
(1869-1940) An outspoken feminist, pacifist, and lecturer,
Goldman founded Mother Earth newspaper and was noted for her
radicalism in aiding the world's oppressed.