Also see: Women in American History
Margaret Mead (1901-1978) Internationally known social scientist, environmentalist, and spokesperson for social and intellectual issues, she introduced the world to anthropology through her 1928 bestseller Coming of Age in Samoa, Her pioneering research and new techniques of fieldwork revolutionized the field of anthropology.
Adah Isaacs Menken (1835-1868) – Actress, painter and poet.
F.M. Miller – Female U.S. Deputy Marshal. Commissioned out of the federal court at Paris, Texas, she was the only female deputy working in the Indian Territory in 1891. Known to always wear a cowboy hat and adorned with a gun belt filled with cartridges and a Colt pistol, she had a reputation as a fearless and efficient officer who locked numerous outlaws. See article HERE.
Maria Mitchell (1818-1889) The first American woman astronomer and the director of the observatory at Vassar College.
Lucretia Mott (1793-1880) An ordained Quaker minister, she was an outspoken abolitionist and pioneering activist in the women’s suffrage movement.
Carry A. Nation (1846-1930) - Prohibitionist reformer, she gained fame for wielding a hatchet while destroying saloons.
Natawista – See Natawista Culbertson
Annie Oakley, aka: Phoebe Anne Oakley Mosey (1860-1926) - An excellent markswoman, Oakley made her living demonstrating her amazing ability to hit her target. As a star of Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show, she traveled the world.
Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986) Known as the greatest American woman artist of the 20th century, her paintings are noted for their abstract colors and shapes in depicting flowers, nature and the American landscapes.
Cynthia Ann Parker (1825?-1871?) – The mother of Comanche Chief, Quannah Parker, Cynthia was captured as a child by a Comanche War Party. She adapted to the Indian ways, married and had three children. She was “rescued” by Texas Rangers in 1860 but was never happy again.
Charley Parkhurst, aka: One Eyed Charley, Mountain Charley, Six-Horse Charley (1812-1879) – Parkhurst was a tobacco chewing, cussing, gambling California stage driver.
Rosa Parks (1913-2005) - By refusing to give up her seat on a city bus to a white man in 1955 Montgomery, Alabama, this hardworking seamstress set off a thirteen-month bus boycott and a long chain of civil rights protests. The result was the national attention of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and a Supreme Court ruling outlawing segregation on buses.
Alice Paul (1885-1977) Activist and suffragist who organized the 1913 women’s rights march through Washington, D.C. and founded the Congressional Union for Women’s Suffrage, a militant branch of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
Frances Perkins (1880-1965) - A social and political reformer, Perkins became the first woman appointed to the New York State Industrial Commission and the first female member of a United States Cabinet, heading the Department of Labor.
Susan La Flesche Picotte – Omaha Indian Susan La Flesche would overcome the stigma of women in higher education to become the first Native American to receive a medical degree.
Etta Place (1878-19??) – Involved with the Sundance Kid, Etta was a “member” of the Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch. Born about 1878, little is known of Etta’s life before she met the Sundance Kid. Though some accounts state that she was a school teacher from Texas, most historians suspect that she was actually a “soiled dove” working in Fannie Porter’s brothel in San Antonio when the “Kid” met her. In fact, not even her “real” names is known as she variously went by the names of Etta Place, Ethel Place, Mrs. Harry Longabaugh and Mrs. Harry A. Place. Avidly pursued by the Pinkertons, Butch Cassidy, the Sundance Kid, and Etta Place fled to Argentina in 1902. Some say the outlaw pair were killed in Bolivia, but others say they finally made their way back to the United States where they lived anonymously until their deaths. It is believed that Etta Place returned to New York in 1907 seeking medical attention. Though it is unclear what happened to her after that, some accounts say that she moved to Denver, Colorado. Others say she was killed along with Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.
Mary Ellen Pleasant (1814-1904) – An African American abolitionist, businesswoman, and entrepreneur. Using her money to further abolition, she worked the Underground Railroad across many states before moving on to California during the Gold Rush era. She was a friend and financial supporter of John Brown and well known in abolitionist circles. After the Civil War she took her battles to the courts and won several civil rights victories, which resulted in her being called “The Mother of Human Rights in California”
Jeanette Rankin (1880-1973) A suffragist, Rankin became the first female elected to the House of Representatives in 1916. A Republican from Montana, she campaigned on a platform of peace and voted against the United States’ entry into World War I.
Toby Riddle – See Kaitchkona Winema
Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) Political and social reformer, humanitarian, and outspoken crusader, this First Lady championed causes of social justice worldwide and as a United Nations delegate, chaired the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
Betsy Ross (1752-1836) – Betsy Ross is widely credited with making the first American flag.
Lillian Russell (1860-1922) – Russell was a popular actress and singer.
Also see: Women in American History