Abel (1873-1947) - Renowned historian and professor, Abel was born
at Fernhurst, Sussex, England on February 18, 1873. She immigrated to the
United States in 1885 and her family settled at Salina,
obtained her master's degree in history in 1900 from the University of
Kansas before studying at Cornell University and later receiving a
doctorate degree from Yale. She then became a history professor at various
colleges and began to author a number of works on
particularly in relation to their participation and experiences during the
Civil War period and slave-holding Indians. She also studied British policy towards
natives throughout the British Empire, not just in the new world. In 1921,
she married an Australian named George Cockburn Henderson and briefly
became Annie Heloise Abel Henderson. However, the marriage was brief and she returned to the United
States, settling in Aberdeen, Washington. Abel continued to write and
during her day became an acknowledged expert on her studies of Native
Americans. She died of cancer on March 14, 1947 and was buried at
Addams (1860-1935) A pacifist, suffragist, an advocate of social
reform and, in 1931, the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace
Prize. She turned her prize winnings over to the Woman's International
League for Peace and Freedom, of which she was president.
Adams (1755-1831) Historian and the first professional woman
writer in the United States, publishing A Summary History of New
England in 1799.
May Alcott (1832-1888) - A servant, seamstress, teacher and
Civil War Nurse, Alcott's fame came as an author. Born on November 29, 1832 in
Germantown, Pennsylvania, Louisa was one of four daughters. She
moved with her family to Boston when she was just two years old. As a
young girl, the family moved again to Concord, Massachusetts.
Growing up in a Transcendentalist household, the environment was both
intellectual and non-conventional, fostering her love of writing.
Receiving her education primarily from her father, Bronson Alcott, it was
furthered by her father's friends, people such as Ralph Waldo Emerson,
Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Margaret Fuller.
Louisa May Alcott is widely known as the
writer of Little Women, a self reflective children's book
published in 1868. The success of this book led to other books based
on Alcott's life such as Little Men and Jo's Boys, the money
from which helped to support her sisters and parents.
As she grew older, she developed as both an
abolitionist and a feminist. She volunteered
to be a nurse in an army hospital in
Washington, D.C. during the Civil War, where she contracted typhoid fever. Later she would become an advocate of
women's suffrage, and was the first woman to register to vote in Concord,
As she grew older, her health worsened, but
she continued to write up until the end. She finally died of mercury
poisoning which she contracted when she received calomel treatments for
the effects of typhoid. She died in Boston on March 6, 1888 at age 56, and
was buried at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, in Concord.
- Susan Brownell Anthony
was born near Adams, Massachusetts on February 15, 1820 to a
liberal Quaker abolitionist family. Receiving a good education,
she herself would begin to teach by the time she was just 16. She soon began to dedicate her life to the
movement, paving the way for the for the passage of the Nineteenth
Amendment in 1920 which gave women the right to vote. Though she
never lapsed in her commitment to women's rights, she focused her
energies as the
Civil War approached to abolition and was the
principal New York agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society.
After the war, however, she returned to her suffrage movement activities and for 45 years she traveled throughout the United
States by stage coach, wagon, carriage, and trains making 75-100
speeches a year. Though she was key to the passage of the
Nineteenth Amendment, she would not live to see implemented, as
she died 14 years prior of pneumonia and heart failure on march
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