Kansas Forts of the Old West
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Fort Blair (Baxter)
Fort Montgomery (Greenwood County)
Kansas Forts Slide Show
Civil War a
number of permanent military camps, forts, and blockhouses existed in
In all, at least 27 were located in various areas of the
state. These camps and forts had some similarities, but many
differences existed among them.
The forts in
Civil War era Kansas had at least one
similarity. All were maintained by the
existed in the state. The differences among the forts were striking.
Some forts were established by the regular Army to protect travelers
and settlers against
were among these.
Some forts established by the
Army served as administrative headquarters in the chain of
stretching across the west. Forts in this category in
Kansas included the Camp
Ewing complex outside Lawrence and
A few forts established by the
Army existed partly to protect Kansas residents against
attacks from Confederate regular and guerrilla forces. Such
forts included the relocated
Fort Lincoln, and
Most of the forts established by the
Army were manned at times totally by volunteer or militia forces
raised to fight the Confederates.
Some forts operated by the Army had other functions.
The original Fort Lincoln, established by
general James H. Lane, was used primarily to house Confederate
prisoners. Fort Zarah, at one point, was unique among the Army
for a time a large part of its garrison consisted of former
Confederates. These men were freed from prison camps on the condition
they joined the
Union forces and be sent west to fight
forts served as post offices and
To make the
history of these historic sites even more interesting, several of
these old posts are said to be haunted including Forts Blair, Dodge,
Hays, Leavenworth, Riley, and Scott.
of the American West
Haunted Forts & Battle Grounds
List of Old West Forts
Kansas Forts Slideshow:
All images available for photo prints &
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