Texas cattle were no longer allowed to be
shipped northward, effectively cutting off the income and much of the
economy of the
Confederate state of
Texas. When the war was finally
over, this policy had led to a large abundance of
Texas cattle, as
well as a pent-up demand for beef in the northern states.
ranchers were only too happy to meet the demand.
They were worth only $3 to
$4 a head in Texas, while eastern cities were offering 10 times that
for the cattle.
Immediately following the war, a number of
cowtowns began to
spring up along the developing railheads. Beginning in
and expanding westward along with the railroad to
Dodge City, these cities all developed a
reputation as wild and wooly frontier towns. Secondary cattle markets
Great Bend, Hays,
Junction City also achieved periods of brief success as