Summary of Native American Tribes – J-K

 

Kickapoo – Before contact with Europeans, the Kickapoo lived in northwest Ohio and southern Michigan in the area between Lake Erie and Lake Michigan. By common tradition, the Kickapoo and Shawnee believe they were once a single tribe but separated after an argument over a bear’s paw. When the white man pushed west, the Kickapoo migrated, first to Wisconsin, then Illinois. By treaty, they were relocated to southern Missouri, but less than have stayed, wondering south and west. Fiercely independent, many Kickapoo people fled all the way to Mexico rather than surrender to the Americans. Of those that went to Mexico, approximately half returned to the United States and were sent to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Currently, there are three federally-recognized Kickapoo tribes: the Kickapoo of Kansas; the Kickapoo of Oklahoma; and the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas.

 

Kiowa – Lone Wolf And Wife

Kiowa – The Kiowa are a Native American tribe of the southern plains. Historically, they are known to have lived in the Kootenay Region of British Columbia, Canada, to have migrated to Western Montana, and then continued to move until they inhabited present day Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas. Allying themselves with the Comanche, the Kiowa carried out raids as far south as Mexico. Nomadic buffalo hunters, the Kiowa were soon forced onto a reservation in Oklahoma, where the majority remain today. More …

Klallam – Also called Clallam, they were a tribe of the coastal division of the Salishan linguistic stock and were most closely connected with the Songish. They lived on the south side of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, between Port Discovery and the Hoko River in Washington. Later the Klallam occupied the Chimakum territory and a small number lived on the lower end of Vancouver Island. Three bands continue to exist today, three of which live on the Olympic Peninsula in the far northwest corner of Washington state, and one is based at Becher Bay on southern Vancouver Island in British Columbia.

Klickitat – A Shahaptian tribe whose home was at the headwaters of the Cowlitz, Lewis, White Salmon, and Klickitat Rivers, in Klickitat and Skamania Counties, Washington. In 1805 Lewis and Clark reported them as wintering on the Yakima and Klickitat Rivers, and estimated their number at about 700. Between 1820 and 1830 the tribes of Willamette Valley were visited by an epidemic of fever and greatly reduced in numbers. Enterprising traders, they became widely known as intermediaries between the coast tribes and those living east of the Cascade range. They joined in the Yakima treaty at Camp Stevens, Washington on June 9, 1855, by which they ceded their lands to the United States. Today, they reside with the Yakima  Indians on the Yakama Reservation in Washington.

Kootenai – This nomadic tribe stretched from west of the Rocky Mountains to Arrow Lake in British Columbia. The word Kootenai originated from a Blackfoot word meaning “slim people.”  They are divided into eight separate bands including the Tunaxa, Tobacco Plains, Jennings, Libby, Bonners, Ferry, Ft. Steele, Creston, and Windermere. Once they acquired horses in the 18th century, they created the famous Appaloosa breed. They are one of three tribes of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana, and they form the Ktunaxa Nation in British Columbia. There are also populations in Idaho and Washington in the United States.

Kutchin – A group of Athapascan tribes in Alaska and Canada, that once inhabited the region on the Yukon and its tributaries above Nuklukayet, the Peel River Basin, and the lower Mackenzie Valley. Their name means “people” and the group included several tribes including the Tenakutchin, Natsitkutchin, Kutchakutchin, Hankutchin, Tortsikkutchin, Tutchonekutchin, Vuntakkutchin, Tukuthkutchin, Tatlitkutchin, Nakotchokuchin and Kwitchakutchin. They generally lived in large groups and men of rank, such as chiefs and medicine men were allowed to have two or more wives. They were very hospitable, often allowing guests to stay for months. by the early 1900s, their numbers had been reduced primarily due to wars between the tribes and the killing of female children.

Kwakiutl –  According to their own folk etymology, the name signifies “smoke of the world.” They were a group of closely related tribes who lived near Fort Rupert, British Columbia, Canada. In 1904, their population was only 163. According to a treaty, the Kwakuitl have hunting, fishing and gathering rights in their traditional territory on Vancouver Island. However, the Canadian government breached the and today, the Kwakiutl First Nation continues to pursue Land Claims. They are well-known for their masks and totem poles, which depict animals and supernatural beings.

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