Native American History is well documented, there are hundreds of interesting
facts and trivia about our first Americans that many people are not aware of.
This article examines a few of these.
to the 2010 Census, 5.2 million people in the United States are identified
Indian and Alaska Native, either alone or in combination with one or
more other races, comprising 1.7% percent of the total population.
In the 2010 Census, 41% of
Indian and Alaska
Natives lived in the Western United States.
In the 2010 Census, of the
Indian and Alaska Natives, the largest tribe was the
with a population of 819,000; followed by the
Choctaw, Mexican American
Indian, Chippewa, Sioux,
Even though the vast majority of Native American
live in the West today, the city with the largest American Indian population is New York City. This is followed by Los Angeles,
Anchorage, Alaska, and Albuquerque,
were an estimated 18-20 million
Americans living in the United States
when Europeans first arrived.
historians believe that the United States Constitution was partially modeled
after the Great Law of Peace, the constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy. In
1988, the United States Congress passed a resolution to recognize the influence
of the Iroquois League upon the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
oldest evidence of cotton cloth has been unearthed by archaeologists from caves
in Mexico which date back as far as 8,000 years ago. Remains of cotton cloth and
cotton bolls were found, making Native Americans the makers of the oldest cotton
found to date.
the days of the Old West, the
and Blackfoot were some of the major Indian nations. All lived in the area known as
Plains of North America, a vast area that stretches from the
Mississippi River to the west of the continent.
like many other tribes, traced their family relations matrilineally (through the
mother.) As a result, there were many women who held leadership roles.
Women of great influence became known
as "Ghigau," meaning Beloved Woman,
the highest role to which a Cherokee
woman could aspire. The name also
translates into War Woman and
was often awarded to courageous
explorers met Native Americans long before Christopher Columbus did. First
making their way to North America in the 11th century, archaeological evidence
suggests they encountered Native American some 500 years before Columbus
Indian words have become a part of the English language. Just a few of these
include: barbecue, cannibal, caribou, chipmunk, chocolate, cougar, hammock,
hurricane, mahogany, moose, opossum,
potato, skunk, squash, toboggan and woodchuck.
Census Bureau estimated more than 40 "official"
Indian Wars in the United States
that cost the lives of some 19,000 white men,
women and children and the lives
of about 30,000 Indians. In addition to the official Indian Wars, there were
hundreds of skirmishes between the settlers and the Native Americans that
resulted when pioneers pushed westward, encroaching upon traditional Indian
Tiguex War was was
fought in the winter of 1540-41 by the army of
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado against the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians
along both sides of the Rio Grande River in New Mexico. It was
the first Indian War between Europeans and Native Americans in the American
Navajo Nation has the
Indian population of all of the Native American reservations.
The first kidnapping in America took place when Italian explorers
kidnapped an Indian child to bring to France in July, 1524.
Native Americans developed
a process in which dried cactus-eating
insects could be turned into red dye called cochineal. This Indian dye became
one of the most important exports
from the New World in the late 16th
century. This red dye was highly valued by the
European cloth industry for hundreds of
years and was used to dye the red British uniforms in the
During the fall of the Romans,
Indians were constructing the largest
irrigation canal in North America. One of
the most sophisticated irrigation networks ever created using pre-industrial
technology, the Hohokam created 700 miles of canals by hand between 600-1450 AD
to the Federal Census of 2010, there are 565 federally-recognized Indian tribes.
Additionally, there are at least 100 state recognized tribes.
Fetterman Massacre, called the "Battle of the Hundred Slain" by the Indians,
occurred in Wyoming in 1866. It was the Army's worst defeat on the Great
until the disaster on the Little Big Horn nearly ten years later.