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Historic Women - R-S

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Delia Haskett RawsonDelia Haskett Rawson (1861-1949) - The first, and perhaps the only female to carry the U.S. Mail as a stagecoach driver, Rawson was born Delia Buraguard Haskett on December 7, 1861 in Ukiah, California. Her mother, Miranda, was a school teacher, and her father, Samuel owned the Ukiah Hotel, a blacksmith shop and was the agent for the local Wells Fargo stage line. As a very young girl, she was constantly asking him to let her hold the reins. She also became very skilled at trick riding, roping and shooting. When she was just 14, one of her father’s regular drivers took ill and she was given the opportunity to drive the stagecoach, carrying the U.S. Mail, from Ukiah to Willetts. The trip began in the afternoon would not be complete until about 3:00 a.m. the next morning.

 

Warned against the danger, she set out on the trip and around midnight became very alarmed when a group of horseman came up upon her coach.

 

Though she was sure it was road agents, she was very relieved when she realized they were a group of singing men on their way home from a church meeting. Before long, Delia became a regular backup driver on the 45 mile Lakeport-Ukiah run, which she continued for about ten years.  

  

She later married and moved to southern California in the 1880s with her husband and had three children. In 1934, when the Pioneer Stage Drivers of California Association was organized at Carpentaria,  she was elected Vice President. By the time she was in her seventies, she was living and working on a 10-acre orange grove in San Dimas. She died at the age of 87 on May 15, 1949.

 

Annie Rogers was Kid Curry's girlfriendAnnie Rogers, aka: Della Moore, Maud Williams (18??-19??) - Born in Texas as Della Moore, Annie was working in Fannie Porter's brothel in San Antonio when she met Harvey Logan, better known as Kid Curry. Though Curry had a reputation as the most dangerous member of the Wild Bunch, his affection for the slender, dark-haired girl seemed genuine. They often "presented" themselves as man and wife, but it is unknown if they were actually ever married. On July 3, 1901, the Kid, along with Ben Kilpatrick and O.C. Hanks robbed the Great Northern Coast Railroad near Wagner, Montana, escaping with more than $40,000.

 

Several months later, Annie was arrested on October 14th in Nashville, Tennessee for passing bank notes that were stolen in the great Northern robbery. Annie spent time in jail until she was acquitted on June 18, 1902.

 

In the meantime, Curry had also been arrested when he got into a bar fight in Knoxville, Tennessee on December 13, 1901. Captured two days later, he was still in jail when Rogers was released. In November, 1902, he was convicted of multiple charges, including forging stolen bank notes and sentenced to 130 years in prison. However, he escaped on June 27, 1903 and a year later, he participated in robbing the Denver & Rio Grande train near Parachute, Colorado on June 7, 1904. Two days later, a posse caught up with the outlaws and in the confrontation, Logan was wounded. However, rather than go to prison, he took his own life. He was 37 years old.

 

Annie Rogers never saw Harvey Logan again after she was acquitted of passing the bank notes and lived the rest of her life as a law abiding citizen.  More ...

 

Deborah Sampson Gannett (1760-1827) - The first known woman to impersonate a man in the U.S. Army, Deborah served as a soldier during the American Revolution. Born in Plympton, Massachusetts on December 17, 1760 to Jonathan and Deborah Bradford Sampson, she was the oldest of seven children. While still a very young girl, her father allegedly drowned in a shipwreck and mother and children were left destitute. The children were sent to live at different households. Later, in 1770, she became an indentured servant with a family that had ten sons. There, she learned both women’s work, but also many predominantly male tasks, such as carpentry, plowing fields, and caring for stock. Self taught, she learned to read and developed a keen interest in politics and the events leading up to the American Revolution.   

 

 

 

When she was 18 she was released from indentured service and first taught school. However, obviously not to her liking, in May, 1782, she disguised herself as a man and volunteered to join the army. Calling herself Robert Shirtliffe, she soon joined the Light Infantry Company of the 4th Massachusetts Regiment. For the next three years, she served in various capacities and was wounded twice, once with a sword cut to the side of her head and a few months later, receiving a shot through the shoulder. In 1783 she was promoted and spent seven months serving as a waiter to General John Patterson.

During the summer of 1783, Deborah took ill with a fever and the doctor who cared for her discovered her identity but did not betray her secret. A few months later; however, she was ordered to carry a letter to General Washington, at which time, she was sure she would be discovered. However, though he said nothing, he gave her an honorable discharge, a note with some advice, and enough money to get her home.

No longer a soldier, Samson returned to her life as a woman and married a man named Benjamin Gannett in April, 1785 and the pair had three children. In the meantime, some of her back pay had been withheld from her because she was a woman. Later, however, she was granted the back pay and several years later, was granted pension privileges. She gave a number of lectures regarding her experiences in the army over the years. Deborah Sampson died at the age of 67 on April 29, 1827 and was buried at the Rock Ridge Cemetery, in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. More ...

 

Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) ­ Though somewhat overshadowed by her long time friend and colleague, Susan B. Anthony, Stanton was another leading figure of the early woman’s movement. Born in Johnstown, New York to Daniel Cady and Margaret Livingston Cady on November 12, 1815, Elizabeth was the eighth of eleven children, though only five of them would live to adulthood.

She received a formal education at Johnstown Academy until the age of 16 and then attended the Troy Female Seminary in Troy, New York. When she married abolitionist Henry Brewster in 1840, she insisted that the word obey be dropped from the ceremony.

Though the couple did not entirely agree on the idea of women’s suffrage and often lived apart due to travel and financial considerations, they still had seven children.

 

Elizabeth became an active abolitionist herself and her outrage at being excluded from an anti-slavery convention because of her gender inspired her to co-organize the 1848 Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, where her presentation speech garnered her credit for initiating the first organized woman's rights and woman's suffrage movements in the United States.

 

She and friend, Susan B. Anthony formed the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869 and actively worked together to secure women's right to vote; however, neither would live to see the day.

 

Throughout her life, she made numerous presentations, speeches and authored numerous articles and books. Stanton died of heart failure at her home in New York City on October 26, 1902, nearly 20 years before women were granted the right to vote in the United States.

 

 

 

Continued Next Page

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, January 1902

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, January 1902.

 

"We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men

 and women are created equal...


-- Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Declaration of Sentiments

 

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