Old West Outlaw List – J

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Johnson JacksOklahoma outlaw who murdered U.S. Deputy Marshal Beck.

Sam Bass Gang, photo courtesy City of Roundrock, Tx and Robert G. McCubbin, Jr.

Sam Bass Gang.

Frank “Blockey” Jackson, aka Blockey (1856-1930?) – One of the toughest outlaws in Texas, Jackson joined Sam Bass in 1877. After Texas Rangers killed Bass and Seaborn Barnes on July 19, 1878, Jackson moved to New Mexico.

Jesse Jackson – An Oklahoma whiskey runner, Jackson was associated with Ed Newcomb and Henry Starr. After getting his right arm hot off by U. S. Deputy Marshal Rufe Cannon, he surrendered.

“Teton” Jackson (18??-1893) – A horse thief in Wyoming and Idaho, he was captured by Frank Canton and sent to prison. He was killed during an escape attempt in 1893.

Tom Jackson – An outlaw involved in a train robbery at Bowie, New Mexico, on January 6, 18 94.

Frank James

Frank James

Alexander Franklin “Frank” James, aka: “Buck,” Frank Vaughn (1843-1915) – An outlaw and brother of Jesse James, he rode with the James-Younger Gang and the James Gang. He surrendered to Governor T.T. Crittenden after Jesse was killed. He was acquitted of murder and robbery, lived peacefully in Kearny, Missouri, and died on February 19, 1915.

Calvin James (18??-1886) – A black Oklahoma whiskey runner, James traveled with three other men to Texas to acquire a supply of whiskey in August 1885. James shot and killed one of his companions, Tony Love, to take the four gallons he had purchased. The other whiskey runners later testified against him, and James was hanged at Fort Smith, Arkansas, on July 23, 1886.

Jesse Woodson James (1847-1882) – The famous outlaw and leader of the James-Younger Gang and James Gang after the Youngers were arrested. He robbed banks and trains for sixteen years. He was shot in the back of the head by Robert Ford in his home in St. Joseph, Missouri, on April 3, 1881.

Theodore James – An outlaw linked with the William Christian gang in 1897.

John Janes – An outlaw, he was hanged in Lincoln, New Mexico, on June 18, 1886.

John Jarrette (1836-1868? or 1906?) – Born in Kentucky, John married Mary Josephine Younger, sister to the would-be outlaw Younger Brothers. The couple lived in Jackson County, Missouri, and had two children. When the Civil War broke out, Jarrette rode with Quantrill’s Raiders and joined the James-Younger Gang afterward. He is said to have been involved in five bank robberies between 1866 and 1868. He was thought to have died in a house fire along with his wife in 1868, but other tales say that he was living in California as late as 1891. More recently, however strong proof surfaced that he actually died in Greenwood, British Columbia, Canada, where the Greenwood Heritage Society recently unveiled a new grave marker for the elusive outlaw.

Bud Jenkins – An Oklahoma outlaw, he rode with Al Spencer and Jelly Nash.

James Gilbert Jenkins (1834-1864) – An outlaw, he stole horses and robbed and killed strangers, companions, law officers, and Indians throughout the U.S. between 1846 and 1864. He was hanged in Napa County, California, in 1864.

Al Jennings

Al Jennings

Alphonso “Al” J. Jennings (1863-1961) – Outlaw member of the Little Dick West Gang before forming his own Jennings Gang. He began his criminal career after Temple Houston killed his brother Ed. He was later captured by U.S. Deputy Marshal Bud Ledbetter and served five years in prison. After his release, he became a lawyer.

Frank Jennings – An outlaw and brother of AI Jennings, he was a member of the train-robbing Jennings Gang. He was captured with AI and imprisoned.

“Arkansas” Johnson – An outlaw and member of the Sam Bass Gang, he was killed at Salt Creek, Texas, by Texas Rangers on June 12, 1878.

Chas Johnson – An outlaw and member of the Backus Gang, he was lynched by the “Hoodoos” on June 12, 18 78, in Mason County, Texas.

Bill Johnson – An outlaw and accomplice of Jim Nite, Johnson was apprehended by deputy U.S. Deputy Marshal Dee Harkey near Sacramento Sinks, New Mexico, in 1908.

DeWitt C. Johnson – An outlaw, was hanged in Lincoln, New Mexico, on November 19, 18 86.

Otter Johnson – An outlaw, he shot and killed Norman Buck in Deming, New Mexico, and received a three-year prison sentence.

Peter “Toppy” Johnson – An outlaw, he rustled cattle in New Mexico and was sentenced to prison in Santa Fe.

Samuel Johnson, aka Rattlesnake Sam – An outlaw in Canoncito, New Mexico, he was killed by a bartender on December 3, 1879.

“Swede” Johnson – Johnson rode with Butch Cassidy, killed a cowboy in 1899, and was killed by lawmen.

Tobe Johnson – Rustled cattle around Hillsboro, New Mexico, in 1877.

“Acorn Head” Jones – An outlaw, when he was caught stealing horses in Sumner County, Kansas, he was lynched by vigilantes on July 27, 1874.

“Chubby” Jones – An outlaw member of Dutch Henry’s Gang, he was lynched with eight others at Sweet Water Creek, Texas.

Factor Jones – A Choctaw Indian cattle rustler, he was involved with the murder of George Taft and was shot and killed by an angry mob.

Jefferson Jones (18??-1890) –  An Oklahoma outlaw, Jones robbed and murdered Henry Wilson for the $12.00 he carried. He was hanged at Fort Smith, Arkansas, on January 16, 1890.

John Jones (18??-1879) – An outlaw, he was killed with his brother, Jim, after robbing a train near Hugo, Colorado.

John Jones  (18??-1900)  – An outlaw who stabbed George Wagstaff to death in Blossburg, New Mexico, in 1897.

“Arkansas Tom” Jones – See Roy Daugherty

Francisco Jordan – An outlaw, he was lynched on November 25, 1881, in Cuchilla Negra, New Mexico.

Martin Joseph, aka: Bully Josey – Joseph shot and killed Bud Stephens and then raped and murdered Stephens’ wife in Indian Territory. Captured and sentenced to die, he was hanged at Fort Smith, Arkansas, on June 29, 1883.

Christopher "Kit” Carson Joy

Christopher “Kit” Carson Joy

Christopher “Kit” Carson Joy (1860-1926) – A cowboy who turned outlaw, he led the Kit Joy Gang, who robbed only one train before being killed or captured. After escaping jail once, he was recaptured and sent to prison.

Maoma July – Creek Indian outlaw and member of the Rufus Buck Gang. He was hanged on July 1, 1896.


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© Kathy Alexander/Legends of America, updated November 2022.

Also See:

Adventures in the American West

Lawmen of the Old West (main page)

Lawmen & Gunfighter Photo Gallery

Outlaws Across America