Complete List of Old West Lawmen
Old West was often a lawless place, where
outlaws frequently reigned supreme. However, as more and more families, women,
and working pioneers headed westward, they demanded law and order. Marshals and
sheriffs were in high demand in some of the most lawless settlements, such as
New Mexico, as well as the numerous mining
camps that dotted the west, such as
South Dakota; Coloma,
Many of wild and rowdy places were initially
populated by men and often attracted seedier elements of society to their many
saloons, dance halls, gambling parlors and brothels. But, in any burgeoning
community, there were also lawful businessmen and hard-working pioneers who
craved a sense of stability, and demanding law and order, made efforts to hire
peacekeepers. Where this was not possible or the lawmen were ineffective,
invariably vigilante groups would form.
Though the vast majority of these Old West lawmen
were honorable and heroic figures, ironically, many of them rode both sides of
the fence and can be found on both our Lawmen List as well as our
"The execution of the laws is more important
than the making of them."
-- Thomas Jefferson
Agapito Abeyta - A lawman in Mora County,
New Mexico, Abeyta was
implicated in the murder of John Doherty.
John R. Abernathy, aka: Wolf Catcher, Catch 'Em Alive Jack (1876–1941) -
Abernathy was the last
U.S. Deputy Marshal in
Territory, serving from 1906 to 1910. He also served as a U.S. Secret Service
agent and worked as a wildcat oil driller. He earned his nicknames by capturing
hundreds of wolves single handedly without ever having to kill one. He would
prevent the wolves from attacking him by jamming his hands down their throats.
David Adams -
U.S. Deputy Marshal Muskogee,
John Adams - Deputy Sheriff of Oklahoma
John Hicks "J.H."
Adams (18??-1878) - Santa Clara County,
California Sheriff and
U.S. Deputy Marshal. He was killed in the line of duty with Marshal Cornelius Finley in 1878.
Tom Adams - Special Officer in Carter County,
W.E. Agee - Deputy Sheriff of Oklahoma County,
Eugenio Alarid - A
Alarid was an officer in Las Vegas,New Mexico
in the 1890's, while at the same time belonging to Silva's White Caps gang.
Alfred Y. Allee
(1855-1896) - A Texas Ranger,
Allee was appointed Deputy
Sheriff of Karnes County,
in 1882 and was later made Deputy Sheriff of Frio County, Texas.
He shot and killed robber
in 1888. He was stabbed to death in a barroom brawl in
Abe Allen - A
U.S. Deputy Marshal
Indian Nations working out of
Judge Isaac Parker's
court in the 1880s and 1890s.
John Allen -
U.S. Deputy Marshal working out
John Oliver Allen
(1850-1928) - A cowboy and Texas Ranger,
Allen was wounded four times in
Andrew C. Alexander - U.S. Deputy Marshal in
commissioned on July 1, 1896.
Oscar William Alexander - A lawman in Oklahoma, he was killed near Hoxbar by the Love Brothers in Carter
Charles Allison - A lawman
Allison was appointed deputy sheriff of Conjos County,
but soon organized a band of
Robbing stages between Colorado
and New Mexico,
he was captured in 1881 by
Sheriff Matt Kyle and sent to prison. He was released in 1890.
William David "Dave" Allison (1861-1923) - A career lawman,
served as a six-time elected sheriff in Midland,
Arizona Ranger; a Texas Ranger;
and various other positions in Texas and New Mexico.
He was killed by two cattle rustlers in 1923.
Fielding Alston - Texas lawman Alston served
as a lieutenant in the
"Burt" Alvord (1866-1910) - A lawman
he was deputy sheriff in
Cochise County, Arizona,
under Sheriff John Slaughter in 1886.
Alvord later led a band of train robbers.
Thomas Amos - While serving as sheriff in
McCurtain County, Oklahoma in 1887, he tracked down and killed an
named Pero, who he had a "dead or alive" warrant for in April, 1887. In
November, Amos and his brother-in-law, Washington Hudson, were ambushed and
killed by two
Indians avenging Pero's death.
Bernard Anderson - Deputy marshal in the New Mexico
David L Anderson, aka: William "Billy” Wilson, Buffalo Bill (1862-1918)
- More commonly known as Billy Wilson,
Anderson rode with
Billy the Kid before being convicted and sent to
prison. After his release, he was made the
Sheriff of Terrell County, Texas
in 1905. He was killed in the
line of duty in 1918.
Frank Anderson - U.S. Deputy Marshal
in Indian Territory.
John E. Anderson - U.S. Deputy Marshal in Arizona Territory commissioned on August 17, 1878.
John P. Anderson - Policeman in Perry,
(1850?-1890) - A full-blooded Pottawatomie
Indian, Anderson was
deputized for a posse in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma to assist officers in
apprehending a cattle rustler. He was killed in the line of duty.
William H. Anderson (18??-1878) - A
U.S. Deputy Marshal
in Dallas after the
Anderson tracked Bill Collins, a wanted train robber, to Pembina in
Dakota Territory (North Dakota) where
they shot and killed each other in a gunfight.
Robert Andrew - Serving as a deputy sheriff
in Oklahoma, he arrested Ragged Bill and discovered the Doolin Gang
Elias Andrews - U.S. Deputy Marshal in the
Creek and Cherokee Nations of Indian Territory.
Captain Micah Andrews - Commanded the Texas Rangers in 1837.
William "Red" Angus (1849-1922) - Johnson County,
Sheriff. Involved in the Johnson County War
arose between the owners of large and small ranches in the area.
Orr William Annis
(1859-19??) - U.S. Marshal in Indian Territory
and Sheriff of Payne
(1901-1909) - Organized in 1901 to protect Arizona Territory from
and rustlers. After accomplishing their goals, they were disbanded in 1909.
William Edward Armorer -
U.S. Deputy Marshal working out of Fort Smith,
Arkansas, assigned to the Indian Territory.
Charles Armstrong - A Texas lawman, Armstrong served
as a Texas Ranger and fought Mexicans on the border during WWI.
Henry Clay Armstrong, Jr. -
U.S. Deputy Marshal working out of Fort Smith, Arkansas.
John Barclay Armstrong (1850-1913) - He enlisted
with the Travis Rifles in 1871 and joined the Texas Rangers in 1875, where he
helped in the capture John King Fisher in 1874 and tracked and captured John
Wesley Hardin in 1877. He retired as a captain in 1882 and died May 1, 1913.
William "Bill" Arnold
(18??-1898) - Deputized as a posse man by U.S. Deputy Marshal
Hess Bussey, Arnold
was killed after arresting a man named Bill Johnson on March 17, 1898 in
Claremore, Indian Territory.
George Washington Arrington, aka: John C. Orrick (1844-1923) - Texas Ranger
and Wheeler County, Texas Sheriff.
Guadalupe Ascarate - A sheriff in New Mexico
Territory, he was eventually replaced by Pat Garrett.
Albert S. Ashby -
U.S. Deputy Marshal in Arizona Territory commissioned on February 23, 1881 .
Edwin Aten - Joined the
Texas Rangers after his
brother Ira Aten and was assigned to Company D.
Ira Aten (1862–1953) - Aten joined the
in 1883, and became captain of Company D and later tracked and shot down
Judd Roberts, an associate of Butch Cassidy's
Hole-in-the-Wall gang. he served as a sheriff in Fort Bend County, Texas
and later the sheriff of Castro County, Texas.
Atkins (18??-1894) - A newly appointed
U.S. Deputy Marshal and Creek
Atkins hadn't even seen service
when he was killed by Amos McIntosh, another Creek
Christopher Columbus Ayers -
U.S. Deputy Marshal and jailer working out
of Fort Smith, Arkansas.
Jacob T. Ayers - U.S. Deputy Marshal
working out of Fort Smith, Arkansas.
Ayers (18??-1880) - A U.S. Deputy Marshal in Indian Territory, Ayers was
killed in the line of duty on August 11, 1880.
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