During the next 70 years, the Spanish
colonists and missionaries sought to subjugate and convert the some
Indians of the region. However, in 1680, the Pueblo
Indians revolted, killing almost 400 Spanish colonists and drove
the rest back into Mexico. The conquering
Indians then burned most of the buildings in Santa Fe
except for the Palace of the Governors and the San Miguel Chapel. The Pueblo
Indians occupied Santa Fe
until 1693, when don Diego de Vargas reestablished Spanish control.
remained Spain's provincial seat until 1821, when Mexico won its
independence from Spain and the city became the capital of the Mexican
territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México.
When Mexico gained its independence from
Spain, Santa Fe became the capital of the province of
New Mexico .
Trade was no longer restricted as it was under Spanish rule and
trappers and traders moved into the region. In 1821 William Becknell
opened the 1,000 mile-long
Fe Trail bringing hundreds of new settlers to the area.
On August 18, 1846, during the early
period of the Mexican American War, an American army general, Stephen
Watts Kearny, took Santa Fe
and raised the American flag over the Plaza. Two years later in 1848,
Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ceding
California to the United States.
For 27 days in March and April of 1862,
the Confederate flag of Brigadier General Henry H. Sibley flew over
until he was defeated by Union troops. With the arrival of the
telegraph in 1868 and the coming of the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa
Railroad in 1880, Santa Fe
underwent an economic revolution. Corruption in government, however,
accompanied the growth, and President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed
Lew Wallace as a territorial governor to "clean up
New Mexico ."
Wallace did such a good job that Billy the Kid threatened to come up
to Santa Fe
and kill him.
gained statehood in 1912, with Santa Fe
remaining as the Capitol City.
Though not everyone knows it,
went though Santa Fe during its early years. Following the Old Pecos
Santa Rosa, the path wound through Delia, Romeroville and Pecos on
its way to Santa Fe.
Beyond the capitol, the
Mother Road continued on a particularly nasty
stretch down La Bajada Hill toward
Albuquerque. One of the most challenging sections of
Route 66, the
500 foot drop along narrow switch backs struck terror in the hearts of
many early travelers, so much so that locals were often hired to drive
vehicles down the steep slope. Although plans were that Santa Fe
would continue to stay on the route of the
Mother Road, it was not to be, due to political
maneuverings of the
Governor in 1937.