Greetings From Santa Fe,
Established in 1607, Santa Fe is
the second oldest city founded by European colonists in the United States. Only St. Augustine, Florida, founded in 1565, is older. Built upon
the ruins of an abandoned Tanoan
village, Santa Fe was the capital of the "Kingdom of
which was claimed for Spain by Coronado in 1540. Its first governor,
Don Pedro de Peralta, gave the city its full name, "La Villa Real de la
Santa Fe de
San Francisco de Asís,"or "The Royal City of the Holy Faith of Saint
Francis of Assisi".
Miguel Chapel in Santa Fe is the oldest church in the United States, constructed around
1610. The Palace of the Governors was built between 1610 and 1612
and is the oldest government building in the country.
During the next 70 years, the Spanish
colonists and missionaries sought to subjugate and convert the some
Indians of the region. However, in 1680, the Pueblo
Indians revolted, killing almost 400 Spanish colonists and drove
the rest back into Mexico. The conquering
Indians then burned most of the buildings in Santa Fe
except for the Palace of the Governors and the San Miguel Chapel. The Pueblo
Indians occupied Santa Fe
until 1693, when don Diego de Vargas reestablished Spanish control.
remained Spain's provincial seat until 1821, when Mexico won its
independence from Spain and the city became the capital of the Mexican
territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México.
When Mexico gained its independence from
Spain, Santa Fe became the capital of the province of
New Mexico .
Trade was no longer restricted as it was under Spanish rule and
trappers and traders moved into the region. In 1821 William Becknell
opened the 1,000 mile-long
Fe Trail bringing hundreds of new settlers to the area.
On August 18, 1846, during the early
period of the Mexican American War, an American army general, Stephen
Watts Kearny, took Santa Fe
and raised the American flag over the Plaza. Two years later in 1848,
Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ceding
California to the United States.