The "Witches" of Massachusetts - B
William Barker, Sr. (1646?-1718) - From Andover, Massachusetts, William Barker, Sr. was accused of witchcraft and imprisoned; but, managed to escape. On August 25, 1692, a complaint was filed by Samuel Martin and Moses Tyler against William and his nieces Mary Barker and Goodwife Mary Marston, for afflicting Abigail Martin, Jr., Rose Foster, and Martha Sprague. Four days later, on August 29th, Constable Epharaim Foster traveled to Andover and arrested the three accused. Barker was examined the same day and confessed to having been in the snare of the devil for three years. He went on to describe the devil looking like a black man with a cloven foot. He stated that the Devil promised to pay all of his debts if he would give him his body and soul. He continued by confessing to having afflicted his accusers and also accused the Reverend George Burroughs of being the ringleader of the witches and that Goody Howe was also a witch. William Barker, Sr. was imprisoned, but, somewhere along the line, he was able to escape. Obviously at some point, he returned to Andover where he lived out his life and died in 1718, at the age of 73.
Sarah Hood Bassett (1676-17??) - The sister-in-law of accused witch Elizabeth Bassett Proctor, Sarah would be indicted and imprisoned. She would take her 22 month-old daughter and deliver a another child while in jail. She was later released. See more HERE.
Bridget Playfer Bishop (1632?-1692) - The first person to be executed during the Salem witchcraft trials, Bridget Playfer was born about 1632 in England. She was married the first time in 1660 to Samuel Wesselbe in Norwich, Norfolk, England and the couple immigrated to America. After he died, she married Thomas Oliver in 1666. When he died, she was accused of bewitching him to death; but, was acquitted for lack of evidence. She married for a third time in about 1687 to Edward Bishop. Described as a feisty, fun-loving, lusty, innkeeper who couldn't seem to keep herself out of trouble, she may have been accused for these very reasons. She was said to have owned one or more taverns, played shuffleboard, was outspoken, and dressed in provocative clothing - particularly red clothing which suggested sexual prowess. She was accused of bewitching five young women, Abigail Williams, Ann Putnam Jr., Mercy Lewis, Mary Walcott, and Elizabeth Hubbard. During her trial, several men provided damaging testimony, including one who said that many people in town considered her a witch and another man accused her of bewitching his child and also of striking his son with a spade. John and William Bly, father and son, testified about finding poppets (voo-doo dolls) in Bishop's house and also about their pig that appeared to be bewitched, or poisoned, after a dispute with Bishop. There were also allegations that Bishop's specter appeared in the rooms of several men while they slept and attacked them. During her examination, she allegedly made several conflicting statements and had a spiteful attitude, which made the case against her even stronger. In the end, she was found guilty and hanged on June 10, 1692.
Edward Bishop, Jr. (April 23, 1648?-??) - Married to Sarah Wildes Bishop, the couple had as many as 12 children. He was the son of the husband of Bridget Playfer Bishop, who would be found guilty and hanged on June 10, 1692. Said to have been tavern keepers, both he and his wife were accused of witchcraft and were arrested on April 21, 1692, along with Sarah's stepmother, Sarah Wildes; William and Deliverance Hobbs, Nehemiah Abbott Jr., Mary Eastey, Mary Black and Mary English. The couple were examined by Magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne the next day and were found to have committed witchcraft against Ann Putnam Jr., Mercy Lewis and Abigail Williams. They were indicted and transferred to the Boston jail to await trial. In the meantime, Sarah's stepmother, Sarah Wildes, was executed for witchcraft on July 19, 1692. The couple were able to escape in October, 1692. After their escape, their property was seized. What happened to them afterwards is unknown, but, their son, Samuel Bishop was able to recover some of their property. Ironically, another son, Edward Bishop III eventually married Susannah Putnam, who was a relation of the Putnam family who were the main accusers in the witchcraft hysteria.
Sarah Wildes Bishop (1651?-??) - Married to Edward Bishop, Jr., the couple had as many as 12 children. She was the step-daughter of Sarah Wildes, who would be executed for witchcraft. He was the step-son of Bridget Playfer Bishop, who was also found guilty of witchcraft and hanged. Sarah and her husband were also accused of witchcraft and were arrested on April 21, 1692, along with Sarah's stepmother, Sarah Wildes; William and Deliverance Hobbs, Nehemiah Abbott Jr., Mary Eastey, Mary Black and Mary English. The couple were examined by Magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne the next day and were found to have committed witchcraft against Ann Putnam, Jr., Mercy Lewis and Abigail Williams. Also testifying against Sarah were Elizabeth Balch, wife of Benjamin Balch Jr., and her sister, Abigail Walden, claiming they heard Edward accuse Elizabeth of entertaining Satan at night. Both Edward and Sarah were indicted and transferred to the Boston jail to await trial. In the meantime, Sarah's stepmother, Sarah Wildes, was executed for witchcraft on July 19, 1692. The couple were able to escape in October, 1692. After their escape, their property was seized. What happened to them afterwards is unknown, but, their son, Samuel Bishop was able to recover some of their property. Ironically, another son, Edward Bishop III eventually married Susannah Putnam, who was a relation of the Putnam family who were the main accusers in the witchcraft hysteria.
Katerina Biss - Nothing is known of her other than she was accused of witchcraft but, not indicted.
Mary Perkins Bradbury (1615-1700) - One of the lucky ones, Mary Bradbury was tried for witchcraft, convicted, and sentenced to be executed. Born to John and Judith Gater Perkins at Hilmorton, England, she was baptized September 3, 1615. Her family immigrated to America in 1631 and she married Thomas Bradbury of Salisbury, Massachusetts in 1636, one of the most distinguished citizens of the community. Years later, during the Salem witch fury, Mary would find herself in the midst of it when a merchant Samuel Endicott accused her of selling bewitched butter to one of his sea captains and causing dire effects for the voyage. She was also accused of assuming animal forms and suddenly "appearing" in strange places on the ships while they were at sea. Though over a hundred of her neighbors and townspeople testified on her behalf, it was to no avail and she was found guilty of practicing magic and sentenced to be executed in 1692. Through the ongoing efforts of her friends, her execution was delayed. After the witch fury had died down she was released. Some accounts suggest a jailer was bribed and she was allowed to escape. Afterwards, her and her husband went to Maine, only returning once the witch hysteria had completely died down. She died of natural causes in 1700.
Ann Wood Bradstreet - Ann was wife of Colonel Dudley Bradstreet who was serving as the Justice of Peace in Andover during the witch hysteria. Though Dudley Bradstreet didn't believe the witchcraft delusion, his duties required him to issue almost 50 arrest warrants before he finally refused to issue any more. Afterwards, both Dudley and his wife, Ann were also accused. They temporarily fled the area, evading arrest.
Dudley Bradstreet (1648-1702) - Born in Andover, Massachusetts
to Simon and Ann Dudley Bradstreet, he grew up to marry
Ann Wood, also of
Andover, on November 12, 1673. His father, Simon would serve as the
Colonial Governor of the
Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1670 to 1686. He
was an attorney, a colonel in the militia, schoolteacher, and served as a
selectman and town clerk in Andover. He would also serve as a Deputy to
the General Court of Massachusetts and later, was a member of the
Governor's Council. Though he opposed the entire witchcraft delusion, he
found himself in the unenviable position of Justice of the Peace in
Andover during the hysteria. In
the eight weeks from July 15, 1692 until the "touch test" on September
7th, Bradstreet granted out arrest warrants against, and committed, some
30 Andover persons to prisons for supposed witchcrafts. On September 7th,
after the ludicrous "touch test," he dutifully wrote out an additional 18
warrants. However, after he had issued those warrants, he refused to grant
any more. Not long afterwards, both he and his wife Ann, were
themselves, accused of witchcraft, with the "afflicted" claiming that they
had killed at least nine people. In response, Colonel Bradstreet and his
wife fled the area. However, he later returned to Andover and his name
appears first on the petition written in late December.
The petition, presented to the Superior Court of Judicature at Salem at
its opening session on January 3, 1693. It was signed not only by Colonel
Bradstreet, but also the Reverend Francis Dane, Reverend Thomas Barnard,
38 other men, and 12 women. The petition was on
behalf of Mary Clement Osgood, Eunice Potter Frye, Deliverance Haseltine
Dane, Sarah Lord Wilson and Abigail Wheeler Barker, who were all church
members who had been arrested together at the Andover touch test. He died
in Andover, Massachusetts in 1706.
Mary Bridges, Jr. (1669-??) The 13 year-old daughter of John and Mary Tyler Post Bridges from Andover, Mary was both an accused witch and an accuser. She was accused by Martha Sprague of afflicting Rose Foster and arrested on August 25, 1692. At her examination, she confessed and said that she and her sisters had helped to hurt people with magic. Witnesses at the examination, including Martha Sprague and Rose Foster, made further allegations. She was sent to prison, where she would stay until she was finally found not guilty on May 12, 1693
Mary Tyler Post Bridges (1644-??) - Mary Tyler was born to Job and Mary Horton Tyler in about 1644. She grew up to marry a widower named Richard Post of Woburn, Massachusetts on November 18, 1662. Richard already had a daughter by his first marriage named Susannah Post. The couple would have three children, Mary, Hannah, and John. Unfortunately, Mary's husband Richard was killed by Indians in Mendon, Massachusetts on July 14, 1675. Three years later, she would marry John Bridges, a blacksmith, and they would live in the northern part ofAndover. John already had a daughter named Sarah, from his first marriage to Sarah Howe Bridges, who had died. John and Mary Tyler Post Bridges would four children together -- Mary, Jr., Samuel, Elizabeth, and Mehitable. On July 28, 1692 a warrant was issued for Mary's arrest, accused of witchcraft by Timothy Swan of Andover. She was imprisoned. On August 2, her 28 year-old daughter, Mary Post, was also arrested, and on August 25th, her daughters, 13 year-old Mary Bridges, Jr. and 26 year-old Hannah Post, and step daughters, 31 year-old Susannah Post and 17 year-old Sarah Bridges were arrested. Mary Tyler Post Bridges remained in prison until she was tried on January 12, 1693 and found not guilty.
Sarah Bridges (1675-??) - The 17 year-old daughter of John Bridges and his first wife, Sarah Howe Bridges, Sarah was examined on August 25, 1692 for afflicting Martha Sprague. She denied the charges and disowned witchcraft by saying she had "never set her hand to the Devil's book nor had been baptized by him." However, she would say that her step-sister, Hannah Post, had confessed to her that she was a witch. Under pressure, though, Sarah would also confess and said that there were some 200 witches in the area, that she herself had ridden on a pole, and asked forgiveness of the afflicted. She was indicted of wickedly and feloniously covenanting with the Devil, but, was later found not guilty. She would later marry Samuel Preston, and when he died, married for a second time to William Price.
Hannah Varnum (or Farnum) Tyler Brumidge (1635-??) - From Haverhill, Hannah Varnum would grow up to marry Abraham Tyler on December 26, 1650. After he died in 1973, she married Edward Brumridge. During the witch hunt of 1692, she was accused and imprisoned. Nothing more is known of her.
The Reverend George Burroughs, who earlier was the minister in Salem Village
was accused, arrested in Maine, and brought back to Massachusetts to stand trial.
This image available for prints and downloads HERE.
Reverend George Burroughs (1652?-1692) - The only Puritan minister indicted and executed in Salem in 1692, George Burroughs was born in Suffolk, England. At a young age he left England for Massachusetts, where he was raised by his mother in Roxbury. He grew up to attend Harvard College and graduated in 1670. Burroughs then went to Maine where he preached in Falmouth (Portland), on Casco Bay, until that settlement was attacked by Indians in August, 1676 during King Philip's War. Burroughs then returned to Massachusetts, setting in Salisbury when he received the call to Salem Village.
As one of his conditions for coming, Burroughs stipulated "that in case any difference should arise in time to come, that we engage on both sides to submit to counsel for a peaceable issue." Though this was common language in the 17th century New England, it no doubt, had more signfigance for Burroughs, who had probably learned from Bayley something of what confronted him.
He then became a minister in Salem Village in 1680. The differences were not long in arising and it was not long before he was in the midst of the conflict taking place in the village. With many villagers not paying their taxes, Burroughs was not always being paid and borrowed money from the Putnam family. It was to Burroughs that Jeremiah Watts wrote his letter of April, 1682, lamenting the disputes of Salem Village that were pitting "brother against brother, and neighbors against neighbors."
By early 1683, the minister's salary was not being paid at all, and in March, Burroughs simply stopped meeting his congregation. Burroughs then accepted an offer to resume his ministerial duties at Casco Bay, which had been reorganized. He stayed there until the community was once again destroyed by Indians in 1690. He then moved to Wells, Maine.
In May, 1692, during the Salem witch trials, based on the accusation of the Putmans, who had sued him for the previous debt, Burroughs was charged, arrested and brought back to Salem. Among other offences, he was accused of extraordinary strength, which could not have been achieved without diabolical assistance. Although he eventually repaid his loan, many members of the Salem Village and Andover testified against him and called him the "ring leader" of the witches, a virtual priest of the devil. Cotton Mather also took particular interest in the trial because of Burroughs' unorthodox religious beliefs and practices. He was found guilty and convicted of witchcraft and conspiracy with the Devil.
He was executed on August 19, 1692. While standing on a ladder before the crowd, waiting to be hanged, he successfully recited the Lord's Prayer, something that was generally considered by the Court of Oyer and Terminer to be impossible for a witch to do. His hanging was the only one attended by Cotton Mather, a minister from Boston, who urged the sympathetic crowd against him. After Burroughs had been hanged, Mather reminded the crowd from atop his horse that Burroughs had been convicted in a court of law, and spoke convincingly enough that four more were executed after Burroughs.
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