is simply not possible to write about the history of the Moreno Valley,
Colfax County, New Mexico, or any of its towns or villages, without remembering
Maxwell, the Maxwell Land
Grant, and the Colfax County War.
The grant was the largest ever made in the State of
and created more than its share of complaints and controversy over the
years. The almost two million acre land grant included the entire
western portion of Colfax County and the southern part of Las Animas
Two times larger than the State of Rhode Island,
the area included the towns of
Cimarron, Springer, Raton and
Elizabethtown in New Mexico,
as well as Segundo and other towns in Colorado.
The area is surrounding by breathtaking mountain views, beckoning valleys,
streams teeming with fish and hillsides alive with game.
In the beginning the land
was the undisputed territory of the
Indians, and later the
Comanche. In 1841, just five years before the US Army arrived, Charles Beaubien
and Guadalupe Miranda of