Photographers - Page 2
Camillus Sydney "Buck” Fly (18??-1901)
- Best known for his
photography of the
surrender in 1886, Fly was living and working in
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. He also served as the sheriff of Cochise
Arizona for two years.
See Full Article
Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) - A Scottish born photographer, he moved
to the United States in 1856 where he developed his profession. He is
best known for his photographs of the
Lincoln, and the execution of the conspirators to Lincoln's
John C. H. Grabill - An
American photographer, he is known for his photographs taken in
in the late 19th century. Nothing is known about is early life or how
he acquired his photography skills, but he was born to David Graybill,
originally from Virginia, and Catherine Kees, of Ohio.
Colorado, where he
was working with a mining partner named Nelson Wanamaker. The pair
were known to have located three contiguous mining claims, at Mt. Blanco, Mt. Crystal, and Mt.
Antero, which was the site of the first discovery of
official gemstone. In 1882, a Buena Vista Map
also shows he was operating out of a building there, which was called
the "Mining Exchange Office."
However, within a few years he had moved to Sturgis, South Dakota,
where he opened a photographic studio in Sturgis in 1886 and soon
became the official photographer of the Black Hills and Fort Pierre Railroad and
the Home Stake Mining Company. More studios were also established in
Hot Springs, Lead and
Between 1887 and 1892, he sent 188 photographs of railroads, mining,
Americans, and settlers' life in the region
to the Library of Congress for copyright protection.
Grabill's remarkably well-crafted, sepia-toned images captured the
forces of western settlement in
leaving a visual record of railroad development, coaches and wagons,
mining, smeltering and milling, freighting, emerging cities and towns,
cattle roundups and branding, sheepherding, prospecting, hunting, and
Chinese immigrants, as well as landscapes. A number of the images portray
the Lakota Sioux living on or near the Cheyenne River and the Pine Ridge
reservations and their contact with U.S. military and government agents,
and with William "Buffalo Bill" Cody. Some of the photographs were taken
only days after the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee near Pine Ridge. From 1891 to 1894 he was operating a studio in
Nothing is known of his life beyond this time.
Herman Heyn (1866-1949) - An important portrait photographer in Omaha,
Nebraska, from the 1880s through the 1920s, he is nationally noted for
more than 500 images of Native Americans, mostly Sioux.
Lewis Wickes Hine (1874-1940) - A sociologist and photographer, he
used his camera as a tool for social reform. His photographs were
instrumental in changing the child labor laws. See Full Article
William Henry Jackson (1843-1942)
- A painter, photographer, and explorer, Jackson is known as the first person to photograph the wonders of
Yellowstone and other places in the
West, as well as documenting
Civil War in a number of sketches.
He also became a partner in the
Detroit Publishing Company ,
who utilized thousands of his images in the first color postcards and
prints to be published in America.
See Full Article
Frances "Fannie" Benjamin Johnston
(1864-1952) - One of the earliest American female photographers and
(1895-1965) - A documentary
photographer and photojournalist, Lange is best known for her
Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Lange's photographs humanized the consequences of the
and influenced the development of documentary photography.
See Full Article
Russell Lee (1903-1986) -
and photojournalist who became a member of the team of photographers assembled
for the federally sponsored
Farm Security Administration (FSA) documentation project.
Born in Ottawa,
on July 21, 1903, Lee originally trained as a
chemical engineer when he grew up. However, in the fall of 1936 became
a member of the team of photographers assembled under Roy Stryker for
the federally sponsored Farm Security Administration documentation
project. Lee is responsible for some of the iconic images produced by
FSA, including photographic studies of San Augustine, Texas in
1939, and Pie Town, New Mexico in 1940.
was defunded in 1943, and after his own service in the
Air Corps during World War II, Lee continued to work under Roy
Stryker, producing public relations photographs for Standard Oil of
Some 80,000 of those photographs have been donated by Exxon
Corporation to the University of Louisville in Kentucky. Lee moved to
Austin, Texas in 1947 and became the first instructor of photography
at the University of Texas in 1965. He died in Austin, Texas on
August 28, 1986. An important collection of his
work is at the Wittliff collections, Texas State University.
Timothy H. O'Sullivan
(1840?-1882) - An American
photographer , O'Sullivan was best known
for his photographs taken during the
and in the American West. Born in New York City in about 1840,
O'Sullivan began working as an apprentice to
famed Mathew Brady when just
a teenager. When the Civil War began in early 1861, he joined the
war effort and was commissioned a first lieutenant in the Union Army.
Over the next year, he fought in Beaufort, Port Royal, and Fort Walker
South Carolina; and Fort Pulaski, Georgia.
After being honorably discharged, he
joined Brady's team in photographing the
Civil War .
However, he soon left Brady
Civil War battlefields on his own.
In July 1862, O'Sullivan followed the
Major General John Pope's Northern Virginia Campaign. He soon joined
up with Alexander Gardner, who had also worked for Matthew Brady, but,
quit in late 1862, probably in part
because of Brady's practice of attributing his employees' work as
"Photographed by Brady."
In July, 1863,
created his most famous photograph, "The Harvest of Death," depicting
dead soldiers from the Battle of Gettysburg.
In 1864, following
General Ulysses S. Grant's
trail, he photographed
the Siege of Petersburg before briefly heading to North Carolina to
document the siege of Fort Fisher. That brought him to the Appomattox
Court House, the site of
Robert E. Lee's
surrender in April, 1865.
Civil War ,
Alexander Gardner published a
two-volume work, Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book
of the Civil War, in 1866, which included 44 of O'Sullivan's photographs.
O'Sullivan's experience photographing in the field earned him a
position as the official
for the Geological Exploration
of the Fortieth Parallel led by Clarence King.
From 1867 to 1869, he followed the first governmental survey of the
The expedition began at Virginia City,
Nevada, where he photographed the mines, and worked eastward. His job
was to photograph the West to attract settlers. O'Sullivan's images
were among the first to record the prehistoric ruins, Navajo weavers,
and pueblo villages of the Southwest.
In 1870 he joined a survey team in Panama
to survey for a canal across the isthmus. From 1871 to 1874 he
returned to the southwestern United States to join Lieutenant George
M. Wheeler's survey west of the One Hundredth Meridian. He faced
starvation on the Colorado River when some of expedition's boats
capsized. Few of the 300 negatives he took survived the trip back
He returned to Washington, D.C., in 1874 and made prints for the Army
Corps of Engineers. In 1880, he was made chief
United States Treasury. However, the position would be brief as he
died at Staten Island, New York on January 14, 1882 of tuberculosis at
the age of 41.
Gordon Roger Alexander Buchanan Parks (1912-2006) -
A groundbreaking American
photographer, musician, poet, novelist, journalist,
activist and film director, Parks is best remembered for his photo essays for
Marion Post Wolcott (1910-1990) - A noted