Erwin E. Smith – Cowboy Photographer

Photographer Erwin E. Smith riding a “sunfisher”, Bonham, TX 1908; Gelatin silver print, Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Fort Worth, Texas, Bequest of Mary Alice Pettis, P1986.42.135

Erwin Evans Smith (1886-1947) – Often referred to as “one of the greatest  photographers of cowboy life,” Smith created engaging and action-filled images of cowboys and ranch life that have come to symbolize the universal western cowboy type.

Born on August 22, 1886 in Honey Grove, Texas, his family relocated to Bonham, Texas when he was just a child. There, he was introduced to cowboys and cattle ranching, spending summers on his uncle’s ranch near Quanah, Texas. Showing talent while still very young, he began to sketch and paint the ranching life he became fascinated with. By this time, the era of the great trail drives was over, and he feared that the old ways of the cowboy were disappearing. Later, he would write of these early years, saying: “From the first time I laid eyes on the sun burnt plains of the West, with its grand scenery, I have been in love with its still, enchanted solitude. Its change of colors no artist can portray.”

As a teenager, worked as a cowhand and carried a camera with him to document the lives of  cowboys, presenting as true a portrayal as possible. Of this period, Smith would say, “As well as I like works of art I don’t believe I would have resorted to art as a profession if it had not been for the disappearance of Western life which awakened in me a desire to dedicate my observations, as it is a last resort to recall those stirring scenes.”

In 1904, Smith left  Texas for Chicago, Illinois where he studied sculpture under Lorado Taft. He also studied under Bella Lyon Pratt in Boston during the early 1900’s. He also studied painting, but, eventually chose photography as his way to preserve a record of the open-range  life.

Erwin E. Smith, cowboy photographer, 1908

Erwin E. Smith, cowboy photographer, 1908

Between 1905 and 1912, Smith spent his summers photographing on the ranges in  Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, creating a body of work that remains some of the best of its kind. During this time, he documented ranch owners, trail bosses, bronc-busters, and day-to-day life of the  cowboy, including trail drives, roundups, chores, and recreation. Not impressed with artists and  photographers who exaggerated and romanticized  cowboy life, he tried to create an authentic record, which accurately captured the lifestyle, from daily life to clothing, and tools.

In 1908, 40 of his photographs were shown in Boston, which led to a collaboration with the Sunday editor of the Boston Herald, George Pattullo, who wrote western stories that were published in popular magazines and were accompanied by Smith’s photographs. Two of these included Saturday Evening Post and Cattleman. Though he was the first  cowboy photographer to receive considerable national exposure, he was only modestly financially successful. In 1912, the Eastman Kodak Company gave Smith high recognition by using his images to demonstrate the technical excellence that could be achieved with a simple box camera.

In 1914 Smith returned to  Texas to start his own ranch. Unfortunately, the ranch failed and he was bankrupt by 1917. He spent the remainder of his life living quietly outside of Bonham, Texas. However, he continued to use his camera for the rest of his life. He never married.  Smith died in Bonham,  Texas on September 4, 1947 and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Honey Grove. More than 10,000 photographs were in Smith’s collection when he died.

Smith’s thousands of photographs show cowboys roping, branding, and herding cattle, riding horses, doing chores, gathering around the chuck wagon, playing cards, and performing in rodeos. Included are many group and individual portraits. Smith also documented–to a much lesser extent–cowgirls, African-American cowboys, Native American wild west show performers and lacrosse players, nesters (traveling farmers and their families), and small town community events.

The Amon Carter Museum of American Art, in Fort Worth,  Texas, holds the principal collection of Smith’s work.


© Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated April, 2017.

Horse Wrangler by Erwin E. Smith, 1910

Horse Wrangler by Erwin E. Smith, 1910. Click for prints, downloads and products.


Amon Carter Museum of American Art

Handbook of Texas

Library of Congress

Also See:

Photos by Erwin E. Smith

Photographers Documenting History

Erwin E. Smith Slideshow:


All images available for photographic prints and editorial downloads HERE!

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