Legends of America

Follow the links to the various pages of Legends of America

The Old West Legends of America Outhouse Madness Ghostly Legends Outlaws Old West Saloons Rocky Mountain General Store Legends Photo Store The Book Store Make your travel reservations here! Route 66 Native Americans The Old States - Back East

Legends of America    |    Legends General Store    |    Legends Photo Shop

 

Legends Of America's Facebook PageLegends Of America's Twitter PageLegends on Pinterest

Legends Home

Site Map

What's New!!

 

Content Categories:

American History

Destinations-States

Ghost Stories

Ghost Towns

Historic People

Legends & Myths

Native Americans

Old West

Photo Galleries

Route 66

Travel Center

Treasure Tales

 

   Search Our Sites

Custom Search

Google

 

About Us

Advertising

Article/Photo Use

Copyright Information

Blog

Facebook Page

Guestbook

Links

Newsletter

Privacy Policy

Site Map

Writing Credits

 

We welcome corrections

and feedback!

Contact Us

 

Legends' General Store


Old West/Western

Route 66

Native American

Featured Items

Sale Items

Books/Magazines

CD's - DVD's

Nuwati Herbals

Personalized-Engraved
Postcards

Wall Art

Custom Products

and Much More!

 

  Legends Of America's Rocky Mountain General Store - Cart View

 

Legends' Photo Prints

Legends Photo Prints and Downloads
 

Ghost Town Prints

Native American Prints

Old West Prints

Route 66 Prints

States, Cities & Places

Nostalgic Prints

Photo Art Prints

Jim Hinckley's America

David Fisk (Lens of Fisk)

Specials-Gift Ideas

and Much More!!
 

Legends Of America's Photo Print Shop - Cart View

 

Family Friendly Site

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                            

Kansas - Legends of Ahs IconKANSAS LEGENDS

James H. Lane - Grim Leader in the Free-State Fight

Ghost Town photos from Legends of America

  Bookmark and Share

 

James "Jim” Henry Lane, aka: "The Grim Chieftain,” "Bloody Jim” (1814-1866)

 

A controversial U.S. Senator, Kansas partisan and Union General during the Civil War, Lane was born in  Lawrenceburg, Indiana on June 22, 1814. He grew up to study law in his father’s office and was admitted to the Indiana bar in 1840. During the Mexican War (1846-48,) he served with the Indian Volunteers. Afterwards, he returned to Indiana and followed in his father’s footsteps in politics and became Indiana’s Lieutenant Governor in 1849. In 1853, he was elected as a congressman. The following year, he cast his vote for the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, and in 1855 moved to Lawrence, Kansas
Territory, where he would soon gain notoriety as the leader of "Jayhawkers" in the "Free-State”  movement.

 

Lane organized the defense of Lawrence during the so-called "Wakarusa War” in December, 1855, which became a turning point in his career. Up until this time, Lane had been fairly conservative, but as the strife of the Kansas-Missouri Border War increased, he became more and more controversial, due his speeches, ruthlessness, and tactics.

 

 

James H. Lane

James Lane

Though he is often described as quarrelsome, belligerent, and unbalanced – often committing acts that were every bit as atrocious as those of the Missouri Bushwhackers, he was a dynamic speaker with charismatic leadership abilities that won him much support among those supporting the antislavery cause in Kansas during the time.

 

He was elected as one of Kansas’ first senators in 1861 and was appointed Brigadier General of volunteers in December, 1861. As such, he raised the "Frontier Guard” as well as commanding what was referred to as "Lane's Brigade” or the "Kansas Brigade,”  comprised of the Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Kansas Volunteers. He was also responsible for forming the First Kansas Colored Volunteers, the first regiment of African American troops to see action on the side of the Union during the Civil War.

 

After the Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri on August 10, 1861, the Union army retreated, leaving the Kansas border exposed. To combat this, Lane organized his men led them into action against Confederate General Sterling Price, in the Battle of Dry Wood Creek on September 2, 1861. Though, his troops lost the battle, Lane continued on, fighting in a skirmish at Paninsville, Missouri on September 5th. Lane continued his cause, fighting through the towns of  Butler, Harrisonville, and Clinton, Missouri, before he ended his campaign by the burning of Osceola, Missouri on September 23, 1861.  

 

The sacking of Osceola.Lane had heard that there were hidden caches of Confederate supplies and money were being held in Osceola and determined to wipe Osceola from the map. He and his men first stripped the town of all of its valuable goods which were loaded into wagons taken from the townspeople. Though they found no hidden Confederate supplies or money, nine citizens were given a farcical trial and shot. Finally, Lane's men brought their frenzy of pillaging and murder to a close by burning the entire town. The settlement suffered more than $1,000,000 worth of damage including that belonging to pro-Union citizens.

 

Lane's Brigade then celebrated by getting drunk, so much so, that according to reports, many of the men were unable to march when it came time to leave many and had to ride in wagons and carriages. With them, they took their plunder including Lane's personal share, which included a piano and a quantity of silk dresses. The troops then continued to Kansas City, Missouri.

 

Lingering fury regarding the Osceola Massacre stirred hatred in many a Missouri citizen and would become one of the causes for William Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas two years later on August 21, 1863.

 

After to assault on Osceola, Lane and his men joined Major General John C. Fremont's army in a southward pursuit of Price's retreating forces but were soon ordered back to Kansas to take defensive positions.

 

Lane was severely criticized for his actions in Osceola, most severely by General Henry Halleck, Commander of the Department of Missouri, who believed that the attacks made by Lane and Colonel Charles Jennison, aggravated anti-Union sentiments in Missouri and intensified resistance to federal authority in the state.

 

 

Lawrence Raid

The Lawrence, Kansas Raid as illustrated in Harper's Weekly, September, 1863.

 

Of their actions, he would state: "The course pursued by those under Lane and Jennison has turned against us many thousands who were formerly Union men. A few more such raids will make this State unanimous against us." Thus, Lane's Brigade was ended.

 

Two years later, when William Quantrill attacked Lawrence, Kansas in what has become known as the Lawrence Massacre, Confederate guerillas could be heard shouting, "Remember Osceola!" Though Lane was in residence in Lawrence at the time, he was able to escape the attack by racing through a cornfield in his nightshirt.

 

Lane continued to serve in the Civil War until it ended and was re-elected to the U.S. Senate in 1865. However, he soon began to lose favor among his supporters when he backed the President Andrew Johnson’s reconstruction policies, including the president’s veto of the Civil Rights Bill. He soon became despondent and was accused of abandoning his fellow Radical Republicans, as well as rumors of financial irregularities.

 

On July 1, 1866 he shot himself in the head as he leapt from his carriage in Leavenworth, Kansas. He died ten days later and was buried in Lawrence's Oak Hill Cemetery.

 

 

© Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated March, 2011.

 

From Legends' Photo Shop

Legends Photo Prints and DownloadsPhoto Print Shop - Travel the trails of American History with our many photographs!  Just take a look at our galleries or purchase prints or downloads at very reasonable prices! Here, you'll see images of Route 66, Ghost Towns, scenic and historic views, roadside stops, and lots more. We also provide hundreds of vintage images that can be used for personal or commercial purposes.

Photo prints and downloads from Legend's Photo Shop

                                                            Copyright © 2003-Present, www.Legends of America.com