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Wyoming Forts of the Old West

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Wyoming Forts


Camp Augur/Camp Brown

Fort Bonneville (Fort Nonsense)

Fort Bridger

Fort Caspar

Fort Clay

Fort Fetterman

Fort H.W. Halleck

Fort Laramie

Fort McKinney

Fort Phil Kearny

Fort Platte

Fort Reno/Fort Connor

Fort David A. Russell

Fort Sanders

Fort Stambaugh

Fort Fred Steele

Fort Washakie (Camp Brown)

Fort Yellowstone

Wyoming Forts Slideshow (see below)


Fort Caspar, Wyoming

Fort Caspar, Wyoming, Kathy Weiser, September, 2009.

This image available for photo prints & commercial

downloads HERE.






During the 1800's, the area now known as Wyoming became a focus for Westward Expansion. The discovery of the South Pass route over the Rocky Mountains was the primary reason for the location of the Oregon, Mormon Pioneer, California, and Pony Express historic trails in Wyoming. Though not all "forts" in Wyoming were established due to the emigrant trails, the vast majority were. Others were fur-trading posts. Many of these posts have been preserved or reconstructed today and provide views and history of the nation's past.



Wyoming Forts:


Camp Augur/Camp Brown (1869-1871) - A sub-post of Fort Bridger, Camp Augur was established Lieutenant Patrick Henry Breslin and troops from the 4th U.S. Infantry on June 28, 1869 where Lander now sits. It was named after Brigadier General Christopher C. Augur, commander of the Army's Department of the Platte. Less than a year later, it was reorganized on March 28, 1870 and renamed Camp Brown after Captain Frederick H. Brown, who was killed in the Fetterman Massacre on December 21, 1866. The site was abandoned 1871 and moved fifteen miles northwest of Lander onto the Wind River Indian Reservation. It was later renamed Fort Washakie in December, 1878, after Chief Washakie.


Fort Bonneville, WyomingFort Bonneville (1832-1839) - Never an official U.S. Military outpost, rather, Fort Bonneville was a fur trading post built by Captain E.L. Bonneville in 1832. In 1835, it was the site of a rendezvous, known as "The Green River Rendezvous. The Fort was mocked and nick-named by other U.S. Forts as Fort Nonsense. Early snow falls made the fort unusable in the winter and by 1839 it was abandoned. Though all signs of the original fort have long since disappeared back into the landscape, a historic marker is posted at the site, approximately three miles northwest of Daniel, Wyoming.


Fort Clay (1855-1856) - Also known as Camp Davis, the fort was established in 1855 to protect the Reshaw Bridge traffic in what is present-day Evansville, Wyoming (a suburb of Casper.)  Lieutenant Deschler and members of the 6th Infantry, 10th Infantry, and 4th Artillery staffed Fort Clay in November 1855. It was re-named Camp Davis in March of 1856, but by November, the outpost of Fort Laramie was abandoned. The site is located in Evansville Town Park.


Fort Halleck, Wyoming, 1863Fort H. W. Halleck (1862-1866) - Established 1862 to protect the Overland Trail from Indian attacks, the fort was named in honor of General H.W. Halleck, commander of the Division of the Pacific. The site, on the north side of Elk Mountain at an elevation of about 7300 feet, was near a spring, had  plenty of wood, and the area was filled with ample game. The fort complex consisted of stables large enough to hold 200 horses, storehouses, two sets of company quarters, officers' quarters, a store, bake house, a jail and a hospital.


Though it was considered one of the most dangerous sections of the trail and the troops were kept busy defending the area, it was also a busy location. In 1864, over 4200 wagons carrying 17,584 emigrants passed the fort, bringing over 50,000 animals. Busy or no, after just four short years, the fort was abandoned in 1866. By the following year, one traveler described it as "the most dreary place on the entire route."


Today, only one building remains that may be the old blacksmith shop. The site is located on a private ranch southwest of Elk Mountain in Carbon County. A stone marker indicates the site of the Fort Halleck cemetery.


Fort Laramie (1849-1890) - This site fir served as a fur trading post in 1834. Later it was purchased by the government and became a military post in 1849 along the Oregon Trail. See Full Article HERE.




Continued Next Page



Wyoming Forts Slideshow:



All photos available for photo prints or editorial downloads HERE.



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