Fort Bonneville, Wyoming

 

Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville

Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville

Never an official U.S. Military outpost, rather, Fort Bonneville was a fur trading post built by Captain Benjamin Bonneville in 1832.

Taking an extended leave of absence from the Army, Bonneville wanted to explore the Rocky Mountains, was interested in the fur trading business, and wanted to report back to the government on his findings, including the character and customs of the Native American Indian tribes. Financed by John Jacob Astor of the American Fur Company, Captain Bonneville and Joseph Rutherford Walker headed west in May 1832 with an expedition that included 110 men, about 20 wagons and an assortment of mules, horses, and cattle. They departed from Fort Osage, Missouri, traveled up to the Platte River, and following in the tracks of the fur traders, crossed present-day Wyoming. They were the first to take wheeled vehicles across South Pass and the continental divide of the Rocky Mountains.

They reached the Green River in August. Apprehensive about the presence of hostile Blackfoot Indians in the vicinity, he directed his men to construct a fortified winter camp on the right bank of the Green River. The stockaded structure was primarily designed for protection, but Bonneville probably intended for this fort to also become a fur trading post.

However, Joseph Walker objected to building the fort and soon left the site to locate a group of free trappers in the area. Walker soon returned with several trappers who informed Bonneville of the severe winters in the Green River Valley and advised him that the Salmon River area had milder winters and was better trapping country than the Green River Valley. Bonneville was immediately convinced but when nature intervened bringing early and heavy snowfalls, he and his men abandoned the post and moved to the southwest where they spent the remainder of the year.

Fort Bonneville, Wyoming drawing

Fort Bonneville, Wyoming drawing

The considerable amount of labor expended in constructing Fort Bonneville, followed by its almost immediate abandonment, led many to refer to it as ”Fort Nonsense” or ”Bonneville’s Folly.” It was described variously as a 100-foot square stockade with two blockhouses in diagonal corners, or, little more than a cluster of small crude log huts.

In 1835, it was the site of  “The Green River Rendezvous” and it continued to be used by fur traders until 1839.

Though Bonneville’s post was of little lasting significance it was the first of its kind in the region and heralded the coming of the fixed trading post concept in the fur trade.

Today, there are no signs of the fort, except a boulder placed by the Daughters of the American Revolution and a Wyoming Historic Marker. The site is located approximately three miles northwest of Daniel, Wyoming.

Fort Bonnieville, Wyoming Markers courtesy Fort Wiki

Fort Bonnieville, Wyoming Markers courtesy Fort Wiki

The site was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.

© Kathy Weiser-Alexander, July 2018.

Also See:

Explorers, Traders & Trappers

Forts of Wyoming

Forts Across America

Wyoming Main Page

Sources:

The Fur Trapper

Wikipedia

Wyoming State History Preservation Office

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