Dalton Raid in Coffeyville Historic Text

“The Dalton Gang has been exterminated — wiped off the face of the earth.”
Galveston Daily News, October 6, 1892
Coffeeville, Kansas

Coffeyville, Kansas

The Dalton Gang’s failed bank robbery in Coffeyville, Kansas, on October 5, 1892, is forever in Old West Legend. Here is a collection of Newspaper reports of the time.

October 6, 1892 – Galveston Daily News

Coffeyville, Kansas, October 5. — The Dalton Gang has been exterminated — wiped off the face of the earth. They were today shot down, but not until four citizens of this place yielded up their lives in the work of extermination. Six of the gang rode into town this morning and robbed two banks. The raid became known to the officers of the law, and when the bandits attempted to escape they were attacked by the marshal’s posse. In the battle which ensued four of the desperadoes were killed outright, and one so fatally wounded that he has since died. The other escaped but is being hotly pursued.

Daltons Dead

Daltons Dead

Of the attacking party, four were killed, one fatally, and two seriously wounded. The dead are:

  • Bob Dalton, desperado, shot through the head.
  • Grant [Grat] Dalton, desperado, shot through the heart.
  • Emmett Dalton, desperado, shot through the left side. [Incorrectly reported. Amazingly, Emmett, who had been shot 23 times, lived and was sent to the penitentiary at Lansing, Kansas. After 14 years, he was released and went on to write a book about the event.]
  • Joseph Evans, [Bill Power] desperado, shot through the head.
  • John Moore, “Texas Jack,” [Dick Broadwell] desperado, shot through the head.
  • T. C. Connelly, city marshal, shot through the body.
  • L. M. Baldwin, bank clerk, shot through the head.
  • G. W. Cubine, merchant, shot through the head.
  • C. J. Brown, shoemaker, shot through the body.

Thomas G. Ayers, cashier of the First National Bank, was shot through the groin and cannot live.

A. Reynolds, of the attacking party, has a wound in the right breast, but it is not considered necessarily dangerous.

Louis Dietz, another of the attacking party, was shot in the right side. His wound is serious but not fatal.

It was rumored a month ago that the Dalton Gang contemplated an immediate raid upon the banks of the city. Arrangements were made to give them a warm reception, and for over a week of patrol was maintained night and day to give warning of the gang’s approach. The raid did not take place, and then came the report, from Deming, N. M., that United States officers had had a battle with the bandits, and three bandits had been killed. This report is believed here to have been circulated by the Daltons themselves, their intention being to divert attention from their real intentions and to lull the people of the town into a sense of security. The people, however, were not so easily deceived, and when the report of the disaster to the gang in New Mexico was denied, vigilance was renewed. Still, the expected raid was not made; finally, the patrol was withdrawn last Saturday, although every stranger was carefully scrutinized as soon as he appeared on the streets.

It was 9 o’clock this morning when the Dalton Gang rode into town. They came in two squads of three each, and, passing through the unfrequented part of town into the valley in the rear of the First National Bank quickly tied their horses and, without losing a moment’s time, proceeded to their attack upon the banks.

Bob Dalton, leader of the outlaw Dalton Gang

Bob Dalton, leader of the outlaw Dalton Gang

Robert Dalton, the notorious leader of the gang, and Emmett, his brother, went to the First National Bank, the other four, under the leadership of “Texas Jack,” or John Moore, going to the private bank of C. M. Congdon [Condon] & Co. Meantime an alarm had already been given.

The Dalton boys were born and bred in this vicinity and were well known to nearly every man, woman, and child in town. In their progress through town, they had been recognized. City Marshal Connelly was quickly notified of their arrival, and almost before the bandits had entered the bank, he was collecting a posse to capture them if possible or kill them if necessary. He ran first to the livery stable of Jim Spears, a dead shot with the Winchester and a valuable man in any fight. Then he summoned George Cubine, a merchant; Charles Brown, a shoemaker; John Cox, express agent; and other citizens who could be conveniently reached.

Stationing them about the square, which both banks faced, he hastened to augment the posse by summoning other citizens for impromptu police duty. While Marshal Connelly was collecting his forces, the bandits, all ignorant of their being laid for, were proceeding deliberately with their work of robbing the banks. Texas Jack’s band entered Congdon’s [Condon’s] bank and, with Winchesters leveled at Cashier Ball, and Teller Carpenter ordered them to throw up their hands. Then Texas Jack searched them for weapons while the other three desperadoes kept them covered with rifles. Finding that he was unarmed, Cashier Ball was ordered to open the safe. The cashier explained that the safe’s door was controlled by a time lock and could not by any means short of dynamite be opened before its time was up, which would be 10 o’clock or in about twenty minutes. “We will wait,” said the leader as he sat down at the cashier’s desk. [In truth, the vault was already open, but the outlaws didn’t bother to try the door.]

“How about the money drawers?” he asked suddenly, and jumping up, he walked around to the cages of the paying and receiving tellers and, taking the money, amounting in all to less than $2300, dumped it into a flour sack with which he was supplied and again sat down while the time lock slowly ticked off the seconds and the hands of the clock hardly moved towards the hour of ten. Bob and Emmett Dalton, meanwhile, were having better luck at the First National Bank. When they entered the bank, they found within it Cashier Ayers, his son, Albert Ayers, and Teller W. H. Sheppard, none of them armed, and with leveled revolvers, the brother bandits intimidated them. Albert Ayers and Teller Sheppard were kept under the muzzle of Emmett Dalton’s revolvers, while Bob Dalton forced Cashier Ayers to strip the safe vault and cash drawers of all the money contained in them and place it in a sack brought along for that purpose. Fearing to leave them behind lest they should give the alarm before the bandits should be able to mount their horses and escape, the desperadoes marched the officers of the bank out of the door with the intention of keeping them under guard while they made their escape. The party made its appearance at the door of the bank just as Liveryman Spears and his companions of the marshal’s posse took their positions in the square. When the Dalton Brothers saw armed men in the square, they appreciated their peril on the instant, and leaving the bank officers on the steps of the bank building, they ran for their horses. As soon as they reached the sidewalk, Spears’ rifle quickly came to position. An instant later, it spoke, and Bob Dalton, the notorious leader of a notorious gang, fell in his tracks, dead. There was not a quiver of a muscle after he fell. The bullet struck him in the right temple, plowed through his brain, and passed out just above the left eye.

Emmett Dalton

Emmett Dalton

Emmett Dalton had the start of his brother, and before Spears could draw a bead on him, he had dodged behind the corner of the bank and was making time in the direction of the alley where the bandits had tied their horses.

The shot which dropped Bob Dalton aroused Texas Jack’s band in Congdon’s [Condon’s] bank, who were patiently waiting for the time lock of the safe to be sprung with the hour of 10. Running to the windows of the bank, they saw their leader prostrate on the ground. Raising the rifles to their shoulders, they fired one volley out of the windows. Two men fell at the volley. Cashier Ayers fell on the steps of his bank shot through the groin. Shoemaker Crown [sic] of the attacking party in the square was shot through the body. He was quickly removed to his shop, but died just as he was carried within.

The firing attracted the attention of Marshal Connelly, who was collecting more men for his posse, and with a few whom he had already gathered, he ran hurriedly to the scene of the conflict.

After firing a volley from the windows of the bank, the bandits, knowing their only safety lay in flight, attempted to escape. They ran from the bank, firing as they fled. The marshal’s posse on the square, without organization of any kind, fired at the fleeing bandits, each man for himself. Spears’s trusty Winchester spoke twice more in quick succession before the others of the posse could take aim, and Joseph Evans and Texas Jack fell dead, both shot through the head, making three dead bandits to his credit.

In the general fusillade which followed Grant [Grat] Dalton, one of the surviving members of Texas Jack’s squad, Marshal Connelly, George Cubine and L. M. Baldwin, one of Congdon’s clerks, who was out collecting when the attack was made, were mortally hit and died in the field.

Allie Ogee, the only survivor of the band, succeeded in escaping to the alley where the horses were tied and, mounting the swiftest horse of the lot, fled south in the direction of the Indian Territory.

Emmett Dalton, who had escaped from the First National Bank, had already reached the alley and safety, but had some trouble in getting mounted, and Allie Ogee had already made his escape before Emmett got fairly started.

Several of the posse, anticipating that horses would be required, were already mounted and quickly pursued the escaping bandits. Emmett Dalton’s horse was no match for the fresher animals of his pursuers. As the pursuers closed on him, he turned suddenly in the saddle and fired upon his would-be captors. The latter answered with a volley and Emmett toppled from his horse, hard hit. He was brought back to the town and died late this afternoon. He made an anti-mortem statement, confessing to various crimes committed by the gang of which he was a member.

Allie Ogee had about ten minutes’ start of his pursuers and was mounted on a swift horse. At 5 o’clock this evening, he had not been captured. [Incorrectly reported. Whether there was actually a sixth robber who escaped has been widely disputed. If there was, it was not Allie Ogee, who later wrote an indignant letter to the editor of the Coffeyville Journal stating that he was employed at a meatpacking plant in Wichita at the time of the ill-fated raid.]

After the battle was over, a search was made for the money which the bandits had secured. It was found in the sacks where it had been placed by the robbers. One sack was found under the body of Bob Dalton, who had fallen dead upon it while escaping from the First National Bank. The other was found tightly clinched in Texas Jack’s hand. The money was restored to its rightful owners.

Condon Bank after gunfight

Condon Bank showing bullet holes in windows, 1892

The bodies of those of the attacking party who were killed were removed to their respective homes, while the bodies of the dead bandits were allowed to remain where they had fallen until the arrival of the coroner from Independence, who ordered them removed to the courthouse. There he held an inquest, the jury returning a verdict in accordance with the facts. The inquest over the bodies of the dead citizens will be postponed until the result of the pursuit of Allie Ogee is known.

During the time the bodies remained in the square, they were viewed by hundreds of people of this and surrounding towns, who, having heard of the tragedy, came in swarms to inspect the scene. The excitement was of the most intense character, and the fate of Allie Ogee, should he be captured, was determined by universal consent. He will be hanged.

Other topics which attracted universal comment were the fulfillment of a prophecy that the Daltons would “die with their boots on,” the peculiar fate which had decreed that they should die by the hands of their old friends in the vicinity of the place of their birth, and the excellent marksmanship of Liveryman Spears, who with three shots sent death to as many bandits.

The Outlaw Brothers

Bob and Grat Dalton after having been shot in Coffeyville, Kansas

Bob and Grat Dalton after having been shot in Coffeyville, Kansas

The Daltons were a numerous family. There were five boys and three girls. Of the boys, two are engaged in farming, one in Oklahoma, where the mother of the family lives, and one near Coffeyville, where the three brothers met their death today. The Daltons were second cousins of the noted James boys, who defied the law in Missouri for so many years, and through them were related to the Youngers, who are now serving life terms of imprisonment in the penitentiary of Minnesota. Bob Dalton was the first of the boys to enter upon a career of crime. While scarcely more than a boy he became a cattle thief and did a thriving business driving off cattle from herds on the Cherokee strip and taking them across the Indian Territory into Colorado, where he would sell them.

He was joined soon by his brother, Grant [Grat] Dalton. Their depredations became so frequent and troublesome that the cattlemen organized to drive them from the strip. A posse of cowboys formed for that purpose gave the Daltons a hard chase, finally losing them in the wilds of New Mexico. The next heard of the Daltons was in California, where they took to train and stage robbing. While robbing a stage there one of the passengers was killed in the attack. This spurred the officers to extraordinary efforts to effect the capture of the Dalton Gang, and Grant [Grat] Dalton was finally captured. While being taken to a place for safe keeping he was rescued by the other members of the gang, and the whole party finally escaping after being chased all over California and through part of Arizona.

In the spring of 1889, the gang turned up again in the Indian Territory, and when Oklahoma was opened to settlement, the Dalton boys secured a choice claim for their mother near Hennessey, where she still lives, supported by one of her sons. At the time of the opening Bob Dalton was a United States deputy marshal, being selected on account of his peculiar fitness to deal with desperate characters. After the opening, he returned to his life of outlawry and he and Grant [Grat] were then joined by their brother Emmett, the youngest of the brothers. They were at that time also joined by Texas Jack and soon gathered about them several desperate characters.

It was then that the most successful period of the Daltons’ career, from their standpoint, began. Their attention was first directed to the robbing of express trains, and they perpetrated many successful “hold-ups,” the most noted of which are the robberies of the Santa Fe at Wharton, at Red Rock, of the Missouri Pacific at Adair, and of the ‘Frisco near Vinita. The Wharton robbery was perhaps the most dramatic of all. The robbers went to Wharton on horseback and, entering the station there, asked the operator if the train was on time. He replied he would inquire, and was about to do so when one of the band, fearing the operator had recognized them, shot him dead upon the spot without a word of warning. When the train arrived it was held up after the regulation manner. In the pursuit of the robbers which followed, outlaw Ed [Charles] Bryant was captured at Enid by Deputy United States Marshal Ed Short, known throughout the entire territory as a most brave officer. Short placed the captive in the baggage car of the Santa Fe train to take him to Guthrie. He had disarmed him, placing a brace of revolvers on a convenient trunk, and placed the desperado in irons. When the train reached Adair, Short disembarked to send a telegraphic message. When he re-entered the car, Bryant had secured one of his weapons and, holding it in his manacled hands, fired and fatally wounded Short. The officer, however, had strength to raise a Winchester and put four bullets into Bryant’s body, expiring as he pulled the trigger the last time.

There were no fatalities attending the Red Rock robbery, but the Adair robbery resulted in the deaths of two men. The express car was guarded, and a hot fight took place between the guards and the robbers. The place where the train was held up was in the midst of town. One stray bullet passed into the room of a physician and, striking him in the head, killed him instantly. Another physician, hearing firing, went in its direction and was also shot and killed.

The last train robbery committed by the gang was that of the ‘Frisco near Vinita. The amounts secured by the robbers in their various raids will probably never be known. It was very great, however, and has been estimated at $300,000.

After the ‘Frisco robbery, the Daltons seem to have diverted their attention to the robbery of banks. They rode into El Reno one day and attacked the only bank in town. The only person in the bank at the time was the wife of the president, who fainted at first sight of the ugly revolvers. The bandits leisurely took all the money in sight and remounting their horses rode away. This raid netted them $10,000, which was such a severe blow to the bank it was forced into liquidation. Today’s was the next and last raid of the gang, and with it ended the existence of a band equaled only in the desperate character of its undertakings by the James and Younger bands.

October 7, 1892 – David Elliott, Editor, Coffeyville Journal

“After crossing the pavement, the men quickened their pace, and the three in the front file went into C.M. Condon & Co.’s bank at the southwest door while the two in the rear ran directly across the street to the First National Bank and entered the front door of that institution. The gentleman [the observer] was almost transfixed with horror. He had an uninterrupted view of the inside of Condon and Co.’s bank, and the first thing that greeted his vision was a Winchester in the hands of one of the men pointed towards the cashier’s counter in the bank. He quickly recovered his lost wits, and realizing the truth of the situation, he called out to the men in the store that ‘The bank is being robbed!’ Persons at different points on the Plaza heard the cry, and it was taken up and quickly passed around the square.

At the same time, several gentlemen saw the two men enter the First National Bank, suspecting their motive, followed close at their heels, and witnessed them ‘holding up’ the men in this institution. They gave the alarm on the east side of the Plaza. A ‘call to arms’ came simultaneously with the alarm and in less time than it takes to relate the fact a dozen men with Winchesters and revolvers in their hands were ready to resist the escape of the unwelcome visitors.

Death Alley where the Dalton Gang were killed.

Death Alley where the Dalton Gang were killed.

Just at this critical juncture the citizens opened fire from the outside [of the Condon Bank], and the shots from their Winchesters and shot-guns pierced the plate-glass windows and rattled around the bank. Bill Power and Dick Broadwell replied from the inside, and each fired from four to six shots at citizens on the outside. The battle then began in earnest. Evidently recognizing that the fight was on, Grat Dalton asked whether there was a back door through which they could get to the street. He was told that there was none. He then ordered Mr. Ball and Mr. Carpenter [two bank employees] to carry the sack of money to the front door. Reaching the hall on the outside of the counter, the firing of the citizens through the windows became so terrific and the bullets whistled so close around their heads that the robbers and both bankers retreated to the back room again. Just then, one at the southwest door was heard to exclaim: ‘I am shot; I can’t use my arm; it is no use, I can’t shoot anymore.’

He [Bob Dalton] then ordered the three bankers to walk out from behind the counter in front of him, and they put the whole party out at the front door. Before they reached the door, Emmett called to Bob to ‘Look out there at the left.’ Just as the bankers and their customers had reached the pavement, and as Bob and Emmett appeared at the door, two shots were fired at them from the doorway of the drug store… Neither one of them was hit. They were driven back into the bank… Bob stepped to the door a second time, and raising his Winchester to his shoulder took deliberate aim and fired in a southerly direction. Emmett held his Winchester under his arm while he tied a string around the mouth of the sack containing the money. They then ordered the young men to open the back door and let them out. Mr. Shepard complied and went with them to the rear of the building, when they passed out into the alley. It was then that the bloody work of the dread desperadoes began.”

Compiled and edited by Kathy Alexander/Legends of America, updated March 2023.

Note: The foregoing is not verbatim, as spelling errors and minor grammatical changes have been corrected.

Also See:

Adventures in the American West

The Deadly Dalton Gang

Historical Accounts of the 19th Century

Complete List of Outlaws