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Mountain Meadows Massacre Assassins

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Though there were a number of participants who had a hand in the tragedy of the Mountain Meadows Massacre, this list comprises those who were the primary participants and/or assassins from a historical perspective. In actuality, there were more than 50 men who took part in the massacre, none of whom were ever disciplined by the Mormon Church. And of the primary participants, only John D. Lee ever stood trial, and that would be 18 years after the tragedy. He was convicted and executed in 1876.







Mountain Meadows, Utah

In this beautiful valley, occurred one of the most horrific and controversial

 massacres in U.S. history, drawing by  H. Steinegger, Pacific Art Co, 1877.

This image available for photographic prints and downloads HERE!


Primary Assassins Role
George W. Adair Private, Fifth Platoon, Company I, Iron County Militia. Allegedly boasted about the murders.
William H. Dame Colonel and regimental commander of the Tenth Regiment and bishop of Parowan.
Isaac C. Haight Commander in charge of the Second Battalion in Cedar City, mayor of Cedar City and Parowan stake president. He ordered the massacre.
Jacob Hamblin Owned the property where the massacre occurred, but was not present. Any involvement is disputed.
Ira Hatch Mormon Indian Specialist who organized the Paiutes.
John M. Higbee Major in the Iron County Militia, first counselor to Isaac Haight and the man who ordered the killing to begin.
Iron County Militia

A branch of the Nauvoo Legion, an estimated 50-100 members of the Iron County group participated in the Mountain Meadows Massacre.

Nephi Johnson A 2nd lieutenant in Company D of the IIron County Militia, he led the killing of the women and children.
Samuel Jukes Private, Second Platoon, Company F, Iron County Militia, indicted in the massacre.
Philip Klingensmith Bishop of Cedar City, Utah.
John D. Lee Prominent leader in the massacre, Lee was the only one punished for the tragedy.
Paiute Indians Participated in the attack, but most pioneers killed by Mormon Militia men.
George A. Smith

Second in command of the Mormon Church at the time of the Mountain Meadows Massacre, it is not known as to whether Smith had prior knowledge of the attack that took place upon the Fancher-Baker wagon train.

William C. Stewart Second Lieutenant in the Iron County Militia, indicted in the massacre..
David Tullis A private in the Iron County Militia, his participation is disputed.
Daniel H. Wells Commander-in-Chief of the territorial militia, the Nauvoo Legion, it is not known as to whether Wells had prior knowledge of the attack that took place at Mountain Meadows.
Elliot Willden Private, Fourth Platoon, Company F, Iron County Militia, indicted in the massacre.



The following individuals have also been cited in various resources as having been involved in the massacre:


Ira Allen

Benjamin Arthur

Ira Allen

Benjamin Arthur

William Bateman

Thomas Cartwright

John W. Clark

Joseph Clews

Ezra Curtis

Labez Durfey

William Edwards

Columbus Freeman

Oscar Hamblin

George Hawley

Richard Harrison

Charles Hopkins

John Humphreys

George Hunter

Swen Jacobs

John Jacobs

Samuel Knight

Dudley Leavitt

Alexander Loveridge

James Matthews

John Magnum

Daniel McFarland

John McFarland

Samuel McMurdy

Harrison Pearce

James Pearce

Samuel Pollock

Carl Shirts

William Slade, Sr.

William Slade, Jr.

George Spencer

Anthony Stratton

William Taite

John Ure

John Weston

Joel White

Samuel White

Alexander Wilden

Robert Wiley

John Willis

William Young



Three more men that cannot be ignored were those at the top of the hierarchy -- Brigham Young, governor and prophet, and his second in command, George A. Smith, and General Daniel H. Wells, Commander of the Nauvoo Legion.


Whether they were directly involved, had knowledge of the plans, or were ignorant of the attack until after the fact; ultimate responsibility and accountability resides at the top of the chain of comman. At the very least, these men were heavily involved in the cover-up of this atrocity.




Continued Next Page (The following pages include summaries of those involved in the massacre)


John D. Lee Execution

John D. Lee would be the only person punished for the massacre of some 120 men, women and children.

This  1875 photo  shows men preparing for the execution. Lee  is seated next to the coffin.


Reproduction vintage Mormon Trail Poster Map

Poster print available HERE.


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Vintage Photo Prints



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