Hiram Scott, a Mountain Man, trapper, and trader, was born about 1805 in St. Charles County, Missouri, and grew up to join William Henry Ashley’s Rocky Mountain Fur Company. Described as an unusually tall and muscular man of dark complexion, his first adventure was Ashley’s Expedition up the Missouri River in 1822-23. On June 1, 1823, he was known to have taken part in a battle of the Arikara War, which resulted in about a dozen of the trader’s deaths.
In 1826, he is thought to have attended the first fur trader rendezvous held near the Great Salt Lake, Utah and it has been assumed that he attended those held in 1827 and 1828. In 1827, he was still working for the Rocky Mountain Fur Company as a clerk and a leader to some degree. As a clerk, he was responsible for keeping track of the many transactions which were made with the Indians, as well as inventory, and payroll.
In 1828, as he was returning to St. Louis, Missouri from the 1828 rendezvous, he died near Scotts Bluff, Nebraska. The bluff was named in his honor. The story of how he died has several versions but he was apparently too ill to travel and was abandoned by his companions. His bones were found the following season many miles from where he had been deserted.
The story of Scott’s death was first recorded by Warren A. Ferris, an employee of the American Fur Company, who traveled through the area in 1830. He related that during Scott’s eastward journey, he had contracted a severe illness. Two comrades placed him in a boat and attempted to transport him downstream. However, for some unknown reason, the two men abandoned Scott on the north bank of the Platte River. The next spring, Scott’s skeleton was found on the other side of the river, implying that he had somehow managed to cross to the opposite bank before he died.
A subtle variation on this story was recorded two years later by Washington Irving. Instead of being abandoned by just two men, the ailing Scott was supposedly left behind at the Laramie Fork by a larger party who feared for their lives due to starvation. The next summer, Scott’s bones were found near the bluffs – 60 miles from where he had been left to die.
In 1834, missionary Jason Lee recorded a story about Hiram Scott that was very similar to those earlier versions, except that the pathetic Scott had traversed 100 miles before dying near the bluffs on the North Platte River.
The story of what happened to Hiram Scott was told and retold over the years, with more variations. Some stories included dramatic attacks by Indian warriors while others suggested murder and foul play. Some stories include the noble theme of the doomed Scott insisting that his comrades leave him behind so they might save themselves from his fate.
There has been some speculation that Hiram Scott was actually injured in an encounter with some Blackfoot Indians that took place at the 1828 rendezvous at Bear Lake, Utah. This has been used to explain why Scott became incapacitated on his journey back east, but as with most of the information about Hiram Scott, very little is known for certain.
Though history has become hopelessly confused, research has proved that there was a Hiram Scott prominent in the Rocky Mountain fur trade from 1823 until 1827; and that he disappeared in 1828 and was never heard from again. His companions remain unidentified, but research strongly suggests that William Sublette was the leader of the 1828 caravan, who issued instructions to these men to remain with him. It was also William Sublette who led the springtime caravan of 1829 that discovered Scott’s skeleton, miles away from the spot where they reported he had died.
Almost immediately after his death, the bluffs along the North Platte River in Nebraska came to be known as Scotts Bluff. In 1830, the first wagons made the overland trip on the same route used by early fur traders like Hiram Scott, and the bluffs that bear his name served as a landmark for people making their way west.
The fur trade continued for a decade after Hiram Scott’s death in 1828, but by 1840, the beaver had been trapped out and fashions had changed, as men were then wearing hats made of silk instead of beaver fur, and the value of furs dropped.
Hiram Scott’s final resting place is not known. His remains were almost certainly found near the North Platte River, but the site has never been located. Today, a plaque dedicated to his memory is located along the North Overlook Trail on the summit of the bluff that bears his name.
No willing grave received the corpse
of this poor lonely one;—
His bones, alas, were left to bleach
and moulder ‘neath the sun!
The night-wolf howl’d his requiem,—
the rude winds danced his dirge;
And e’er anon, in mournful chime
sigh’s forth the mellow surge!
The spring shall teach the rising grass
to twine for him a tomb;
And, o’er the spot where he doth lie,
shall bid the wild flowers bloom.
But, far from friends, and far from home,
ah, dismal thought, to die!
Ah, let me ‘mid my friends expire,
and with my fathers lie.
— Rufus B. Sage, a pioneer who passed the bluff in 1841, was inspired by Scott’s death.
Primary Source: National Park Service