A second movie studio -- Nestor Studios, was
founded in 1911 by Al Christie for David Horsley in an old building on the
southeast corner of Sunset Boulevard and Gower Street. In the same year,
another fifteen independent film producers would also settle in Hollywood,
replacing the lemon groves with movie sets, buildings, businesses and
homes. 1912 saw saw the opening of the Idyle Hour Theatre.
At about the same time,
motion picture production companies from New York and New Jersey started
moving to sunny California because of the good weather.
1913, Cecil B. DeMille and Jesse Lasky leased a barn with studio
facilities on the southeast corner of Selma and Vine Streets. The location
soon became known as Lasky-DeMille Barn and is now home to the Hollywood
Charlie Chaplin Studios, on the northeast corner of La Brea and De Longpre
Avenues was built in 1917 and the following year, Sid Grauman's "Million
Dollar Theatre" began to entertain the public.
Erected in 1923, the famous
sign originally read "Hollywoodland" advertising a new
housing development in the hills above town. In the beginning the
Hollywoodland sign was lit
up at night by thousands of light bulbs that were maintained by a man who
lived in cabin behind one of the L's. The sign, located near the top
of Mount Lee, is now a registered trademark.
The first Academy Awards presentation ceremony
took place on May 16, 1929 during a banquet held in the Blossom Room of
Roosevelt Hotel on Hollywood
Boulevard. Tickets were $10.00 and there were 250 people in attendance.
From about 1930, five
movie studios from all over the Los Angeles area, Paramount, RKO, 20th
Century Fox, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Warner Bros., owned large, grand
theaters throughout the country for the exhibition of their movies.
The period between the years 1927 (the end of the silent era) to 1948
was considered the "Golden Age of Hollywood.” However, this ended in a landmark 1948 court decision, where the
Supreme Court ruled that movie studios could not own theaters where
only their own movies were shown. By the mid-1950s, when
television proved a profitable enterprise that was here to stay, movie
studios began to be used for the television production as well.
On January 22, 1947, the first commercial
TV station west of the Mississippi River, KTLA, began operating in
Hollywood. In December of the same year, the first
movie production was made for TV called The Public Prosecutor. In the
1950s, music recording studios and offices began moving into Hollywood.
The famous Capitol Records building on Vine Street, just north of
Boulevard, was built in 1956. Its unique circular design looks a
little like a stack of old 45rpm vinyl records.
Walk of Fame was created in 1958 and the first star was placed in 1960
as a tribute to artists working in the entertainment industry.
Honorees receive a star based on career and lifetime achievements in
motion pictures, live theatre, radio, television, and/or music, as
well as their charitable and civic contributions.
In 1985, the Hollywood
Boulevard commercial and entertainment district was officially listed
in the National Register of Historic Places protecting important
buildings and ensuring that Hollywood's past would always be a part of its future.
The Kodak Theatre, which opened in 2001 on Hollywood
Boulevard at Highland Avenue, where the historic Hollywood
Hotel once stood, has become the new home of the Oscars.
Like many other large
cities, Hollywood also has its share of problems, the most significant of
which is its attractiveness to desperate runaways. Fleeing
broken homes across the nation, hundreds of teenagers with "stars" in
their eyes flood the city hoping to become famous.
Unfortunately, they learn
quickly that their chances are very slim against professionally trained
actors and usually end up sinking into homelessness, a major problem in
While some eventually go home, others stay in Hollywood
joining the prostitutes and panhandlers lining the city’s boulevards.
Others wind up on Skid Row in downtown Los Angeles and yet more end up in
the seamy underside of the entertainment business – the large pornography
industry in the San Fernando Valley.
of America, updated June, 2017.