Plains Indians Map,
While the vast herds of
buffalo, deer, elk, and antelope remained, they were sure of food and
raiment. They were, however, soon to be deprived of their abundant riches.
The wave of civilization was moving over the western horizon. Its onward
march was irresistible. No human hand could stay that rolling tide of
progress. The pale faces moved over every divide; they cordelled or pushed
their boats up every river. They entered every valley and swarmed over
every plain. They traveled in wagons and prairie-schooners, on foot or
horseback. Herding their little bands and flocks of domestic stock, they
built their homes on every spot of ground that could be made productive.
One great cause of disaffection among the Indians was the destruction of
their vast herds of
which seemed like ruthless sacrifice.
-- Nelson Miles, Personal
Recollections and Observations, 1896