George C. Crook
(1828-1890) - A career United States Army officer, Crook is most noted for his
distinguished service during the
Indian Wars. During the 1880s, the
nicknamed him Nantan Lupan, which means "Grey Wolf."
Crook was born to Thomas and Elizabeth Matthews Crook on
September 8, 1828 on
a farm near Taylorsville, Ohio. He was nominated to the United States
Military Academy by Congressman Robert Schenck and graduated in 1852,
ranking near the bottom of his class.
He was assigned to the 4th U.S. infantry as brevet second lieutenant,
1852 to 1861. He served in
and northern California,
fighting against several
tribes. In 1856 he was promoted to first
lieutenant and the following year,
commanded the Pitt River Expedition and, in one of the several
engagements, was severely wounded by an Indian arrow. He established Fort Ter-Waw in what is now Klamath,
He was promoted to
captain in 1860 and ordered east in 1861. With the beginning of the Civil
he was made colonel of the 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
He married Mary Tapscott Dailey, from