Legends of America

Follow the links to the various pages of Legends of America

The Old West Legends of America Outhouse Madness Ghostly Legends Outlaws Old West Saloons Rocky Mountain General Store Legends Photo Store The Book Store Make your travel reservations here! Route 66 Native Americans The Old States - Back East

Legends of America    |    Legends General Store    |    Legends Photo Shop

 

Legends Of America's Facebook PageLegends Of America's Twitter PageLegends on Pinterest

Legends Home

Site Map

What's New!!

 

Content Categories:

American History

Destinations-States

Ghost Stories

Ghost Towns

Historic People

Legends & Myths

Native Americans

Old West

Photo Galleries

Route 66

Travel Center

Treasure Tales

 

   Search Our Sites

Custom Search

Google

 

About Us

Advertising

Article/Photo Use

Copyright Information

Blog

Facebook Page

Guestbook

Links

Newsletter

Privacy Policy

Site Map

Writing Credits

 

We welcome corrections

and feedback!

Contact Us

 

Legends' General Store


Old West/Western

Route 66

Native American

Featured Items

Sale Items

Books/Magazines

CD's - DVD's

Nuwati Herbals

Personalized-Engraved
Postcards

Wall Art

Custom Products

and Much More!

 

  Legends Of America's Rocky Mountain General Store - Cart View

 

Legends' Photo Prints

Legends Photo Prints and Downloads
 

Ghost Town Prints

Native American Prints

Old West Prints

Route 66 Prints

States, Cities & Places

Nostalgic Prints

Photo Art Prints

Jim Hinckley's America

David Fisk (Lens of Fisk)

Specials-Gift Ideas

and Much More!!
 

Legends Of America's Photo Print Shop - Cart View

 

Family Friendly Site

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Native American LegendsNATIVE AMERICAN LEGENDS

The Comanche - Horsemen of the Plains

Bookmark and Share

Dating back to the early 1500's, the Comanche were originally part of the Eastern Shoshone who lived near the upper reaches of the Platte River in eastern Wyoming. However, when the Europeans entered the scene and the tribe obtained horses, they broke off from the Shoshone, with an estimated 10,000 members.

 

Moving south, they first migrated to the central plains before continuing to move southward to an area that extended from the Arkansas River to central Texas.

 

As they continued to migrate, the Comanche population increased dramatically due to the abundance of buffalo, an influx of Shoshone members, and the kidnapping of women and children from rival tribes and Mexican settlements.

 

Comanche Moon Painting

Comanche Moon Painting

 

 

 

Long known as war-like and aggressive, some estimates state that up to 20,000 people were kidnapped. Unfortunately, the Comanche Indians did not treat their captives well, considering them little more than a slave and a commodity. From the moment of their capture until their death or release, they were both physically and mentally abused.

Though the tribe was large, they never formed a single tribal unit, but rather, were divided into some eight to twelve independent groups. Sharing the same language and culture, they sometimes fought between bands and at other times were at peace, cooperating one with the other.

Although the name Comanche is well known, it is uncertain where it originated. There are two accounts of its origin, the most accepted being a Spanish corruption of a name the Ute called them -- Kohmahts, meaning "those who are against us." The second account is that it was a derivative of the Spanish word amino ancho, meaning "wide trail." They were also called Paducah by early French and American explorers, but the preferred name of the tribe has always been Numunuh, meaning "The People." The Comanche a Uto-Aztecan language, which is almost identical to the Shoshone from which they originated.

The horse was a key element in Comanche culture, who are thought to have been the first of the Plains Indians to have horses. In the beginning, they were primarily a hunter-gatherer nomadic society, but with horses, they became more daring and aggressive and were soon considered as the best buffalo hunters on the plains. The horse trade quickly became a large part of their culture, breeding, stealing, and trading horses to other plains Indians, allowing them also to become more productive buffalo hunters.

Warfare was a major part of Comanche life with conflicts often bringing them into battles with the Apache and other tribal groups. Those they stole from often found it simpler and safer to buy back the stolen commodities rather than fight for them. During the 1800s they began to steal cattle from Texas settlers and reselling them in New Mexico. During this period they fought not only the Mexicans and white settlers but also many of the other plains Indians.

 

In an attempt to stop the raids upon the Apache, the Spanish offered help; however, it was to no avail and the Apaches were finally forced out of the Southern Plains by the mid-1800's. Now dominating the area surrounding the Texas Panhandle, including western Oklahoma and northeastern New Mexico, the Comanche were so well heeled at their horsemanship that they began to supply horses to French and American traders.

 

Many historians debate whether the Comanche deserve their ferocious reputation, indicating that they were only fighting for retrieval of the land they felt was theirs. Continuing to protect their territory, the formidable Comanche aggressively attacked the many settlers passing through on their way to the California Gold Rush. Some were killed, but most often their horses and cattle were stolen.

 

A Comanche camp in 1873

A Comanche camp in 1873. This image available for photographic prints and  downloads HERE!

 

The fierce Comanche continued to maintain their independence and even increase their territory until new diseases, including small pox and cholera, began to take their toll. By the 1870's, these illnesses had reduced their population to about 7,000 people.

In the 1860's efforts began to move the Comanche to a reservation in Indian Territory. In the Treaty of Medicine Lodge of 1867, the government offered them churches, schools, and annuities in return for a vast tract of land totaling over 60,000 square miles. They also promised to stop the buffalo hunters, who were decimating the great herds of the Plains with the condition that the Comanche, along with the Apache, Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapaho relocate.

Obviously, the government failed on their promise the prevent the buffalo hunters from slaughtering the herds, which soon provoked the Comanche Chief White Eagle to attack a group of hunters in the Texas Panhandle in 1874. Known as the Second Battle of Adobe Walls, the attack was a disaster for the Comanche and the army soon drove those who were remaining onto a reservation.

 

In 1892 the government negotiated the Jerome Agreement with the Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache, which further reduced their reservation land to 480,000 acres with 160 acre allotments to each person.

Today the Comanche Nation claims approximately 10,000 members, about half of whom live in Oklahoma and the rest scattered throughout Texas , California, and New Mexico. Lawton, Oklahoma is the site of the annual pow-wow, when Comanche from across the United States gather to celebrate their heritage and culture.

 

Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated January 2014.

 

 

Also See:

Shoshone - Continuing the Traditions of their Ancestors

Apache- Fiercest Warriors of the Southwest

Adobe Walls - Buffalo and Battles

Native American (main page)

Native American Photo Print Galleries

Comanche Chief Quanah Parker

Comanche Chief Quanah Parker. This image available for photographic prints and  downloads HERE!

 

Native American Founding FathersNative American Founding Fathers - It is too often forgotten that the first to settle America were the Native Americans. They, along with their chiefs and heroes should be commemorated just like like the colonists that formed our Constitution. Utilizing our great vintage photos, we have created a montage to recognize these great founders.

 

 

 

               

 

                                                            Copyright 2003-Present, www.Legends of America.com