"We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though
passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection.
The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and
patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this
broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again
touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature."
Abraham Lincoln, March 4, 1861, From His First Inaugural Address.
The U.S. Capitol with flag flying
half-mast. This image available for
photographic prints and downloads
More than three million men fought in the
about 900,000 for the
Confederacy and 2.1 million for the
An estimated 300
women disguised themselves as men and fought in the ranks.
620,000 people, or two percent of the population, died in the
battles, skirmishes, and engagements were fought during the
There were over 2,000
boys who were 14 years-old or younger in the
Union ranks. Three
hundred were 13 years or less, while there were 200,000 no older than
At the Battle of Shiloh, on the banks of the Tennessee River, more
Americans fell than in all previous American wars combined. There were 23,700 casualties.
Confederate trenches stretched for a distance of seven
miles. The troop density was
per mile, or six men to the yard.
Native Americans fought for the
Union, of which, 1,018 were
The greatest cavalry
battle ever fought in the Western hemisphere was at
Virginia, on June 9, 1863. Nearly 20,000
cavalrymen were engaged on a relatively confined terrain for more than
An Iowa regiment had
a rule that any man who uttered an oath should read a chapter in the
Bible. Several of them got nearly through the Old Testament.
There were more Northern-born
generals than Southern-born
Confederate blockade-runner, the C.S.S. Alabama, never entered
Confederate port during the length of her service.
During the Battle
Clara Barton tended the wounded so close to the fighting that a bullet
went through her sleeve and killed a man she was treating.
In March 1862,
"new” ironclad war ships, the
Monitor and the Merrimac
battled off Hampton Roads,
Virginia. From then on, every other wooden navy
ship on earth was obsolete.
There were 100 men in a Company and 10 Companies in a Regiment.
Not fond of
ceremonies or military music,
Grant said he could only
recognize two tunes. "One was Yankee Doodle, the other one wasn’t."