Leavenworth & Pike’s Peak Express Company (1859) – In 1858, William H. Russell of the famous transportation firm of Majors, Russell and Waddell, conceived the idea of a line of daily coaches on the Smoky Hill Trail between Leavenworth, Kansas on the Missouri River and Denver, Colorado. However, his partners thought the idea fool-hardy and refused to go in with him. Russell persevered, however, and soon took on partners, John S. Jones and Luther Smoot to develop the 687-mile line to the Colorado gold fields. The company was incorporated in February 1859 and the first stage on the newly formed Leavenworth and Pikes Peak Express reached Denver on May 17, 1859.
The route followed the military road to Fort Riley, Kansas before angling northwest to the Republican River near present Benkelman, Nebraska through areas that lacked wood or water. The stage line cost the passenger $125 and stopped at some 25 stations which were located about every 25 miles. When noted newspaperman, Horace Greeley took the stagecoach line to Denver and stopped at the temporary tent station on June 2, 1859, he wrote: “I would match this station and its surroundings against any other scene on our continent for desolation.”
As Russell’s original partners in the firm of Majors, Russell and Waddell, suspected, the project proved to be premature and was fraught with financial difficulties and Indian attacks from the beginning. After just ninety days of operation, Majors, Russell and Waddell transferred Russell’s equipment to their regular stage line on the Platte River in Nebraska and abandoned the other stations. Later when the firm acquired George Chorpenning’s contract for mail service from Utah to California in May 1860, the former Leavenworth & Pike’s Peak Express Company was reorganized as the Central Overland California and Pikes Peak Express, the parent company of the Pony Express.
By Kathy Weiser-Alexander, updated May 2018.