Legends of America

Follow the links to the various pages of Legends of America

The Old West Legends of America Outhouse Madness Ghostly Legends Outlaws Old West Saloons Rocky Mountain General Store Legends Photo Store The Book Store Make your travel reservations here! Route 66 Native Americans The Old States - Back East

Legends of America    |    Legends General Store    |    Legends Photo Shop

 

Legends Of America's Facebook PageLegends Of America's Twitter PageLegends on Pinterest

Legends Home

Site Map

What's New!!

 

Content Categories:

American History

Destinations-States

Ghost Stories

Ghost Towns

Historic People

Legends & Myths

Native Americans

Old West

Photo Galleries

Route 66

Travel Center

Treasure Tales

 

   Search Our Sites

Custom Search

Google

 

About Us

Advertising

Article/Photo Use

Copyright Information

Blog

Facebook Page

Guestbook

Links

Newsletter

Privacy Policy

Site Map

Writing Credits

 

We welcome corrections

and feedback!

Contact Us

 

Legends' General Store


Old West/Western

Route 66

Native American

Featured Items

Sale Items

Books/Magazines

CD's - DVD's

Nuwati Herbals

Personalized-Engraved
Postcards

Wall Art

Custom Products

and Much More!

 

  Legends Of America's Rocky Mountain General Store - Cart View

 

Legends' Photo Prints

Legends Photo Prints and Downloads
 

Ghost Town Prints

Native American Prints

Old West Prints

Route 66 Prints

States, Cities & Places

Nostalgic Prints

Photo Art Prints

Jim Hinckley's America

David Fisk (Lens of Fisk)

Specials-Gift Ideas

and Much More!!
 

Legends Of America's Photo Print Shop - Cart View

 

Family Friendly Site

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arizona Flag - Legends of the High Desert IconARIZONA LEGENDS

Fort Bowie National Historic Site

Bookmark and Share

Located in the southeast corner of Arizona, Fort Bowie National Historic Site commemorates the story of the bitter conflict between the Chiricahua Apache and the United States military, as well as standing as a lasting monument to the bravery and endurance of U.S. soldiers in paving the way for westward settlement and the taming of the western frontier.

 

The fort was established in 1862 at the former station of the Overland Mail Route at Apache Springs. It was here, that peaceful relations between the U.S. Government and the Apache ended in 1861 when a young Lieutenant George Bascom falsely imprisoned Chiricahua Apache Chief Cochise on charges of kidnapping a white child.

 

The ruins of Fort Bodie today.

The ruins of Fort Bowie today.

 

 

 

Followed by a series of bungled decisions by Bascam, Cochise escaped and retaliated in all out war against the white settlers. The region was then too dangerous for stagecoach travel and was discontinued. As the Apache attacks increased, Fort Bowie was established on the station site to help fight against the Apaches. The fighting would continue for the next eleven years before peace was once again to be found with the Apaches.

The Battle of Apache Pass was fought near here on July 15 and 16, 1862, when Union regiment under the command of General James Henry Carleton was ambushed by a band of Apaches while en route from California to New Mexico, where they were to confront Confederate troops.

Though construction began on Fort Bowie in 1862, it resembled more of a temporary military camp than a fort. However, in 1868, more permanent buildings were built and the fort became the focal point of military operations for more than 30 years.

The Apache were finally subdued with the surrender of Geronimo in 1886 and the Chiricahuas were banished to Florida and Alabama. The fort then returned to use as a travelers’ stop until it was totally abandoned in 1894.  In 1911 the land was sold for $1.25 to $2.50 an acre and many of the buildings dismantled.

In 1964, the site was authorized as a National Historic site. Today, the remains of Fort Bowie are carefully preserved, as are the adobe walls of various post buildings and the ruins of a Butterfield Stage Station.  The site is located on the unpaved Apache Pass Road which can be accessed from Interstate 10 near Bowie, Arizona or from Arizona Highway 186 just north of the entrance to Chiricahua National Monument. Access to the ruins of Fort Bowie and the visitor center is via a 1.5 mile foot trail which begins at a parking area along Apache Pass Road.

 

The hike in to the fort is part of the Fort Bowie experience, where visitors can get a sense of the lonely isolation that the soldiers experienced while stationed there. The trail also winds past remains of a Butterfield Stage Coach Station, the post cemetery, an Apache Wickiup, the Chiricahua Apache Indian Agency, Apache Springs, the original fort and finally, the more elaborate Fort Bowie and the visitor center.

 

A minimum of two hours is recommended for the round trip visit. While at the fort, visitors can tour the ruins of Fort Bowie, view the exhibits inside the visitor center, bird watch, and hike the trails. Picnic facilities are located at the trailhead and the visitor center.

 

The Visitor Center is open daily from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., every day but Christmas. The trail can be visited from sunrise to sunset. There are no fees for visitors.

 

Contact Information:

 

Fort Bowie National Historic Site

3327 South Old Fort Bowie Road
Bowie, Arizona 85605
520-847-2500

 

© Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated July, 2014

 

Apache Wickiup at Fort Bowie.

Apache Wickiup at Fort Bowie, courtesy National Park Service.

 

Fort Bowie Trail.

Fort Bowie Trail, courtesy National Park Service.

 

Also See:

 

Apache - The Fiercest Warriors in the Southwest

Battles of the Indian Wars

Cochise - Strong Apache Leader

Geronimo - The Last Apache Holdout

 

 

 

From Legends of America

 

Arizona Flag - Legends of the High Desert IconArizona - The Canyon State - From the Grand Canyon to Tombstone, Arizona's storied past reaches back thousands of years and you will enjoy it's tall mountain ranges, swift rivers, grasslands, sand dunes, and cactus forests. Experience the many tales Ghost Towns, Old West Forts, Haunted Places and Route 66, to interesting people including explorers, outlaws, Native Americans, and More.

 

 

Discoveries...America, Arizona

Discoveries America Arizona DVD

$19.95

Buy Product

rizona Photo Prints, Products & Editorial Downloads

Arizona Photo Prints, Products & Downloads

Prints starting @ $2.99

Discoveries...America, Arizona

Discoveries America Grand Canyon DVD

$24.95

Buy Product

Arizona Postcards

Arizona Postcards

Footprints of the Ancients DVD

Footprints of the Ancients DVD

$24.95

Buy Product

Arizona Historic Book Collection

Arizona Historic Book Collection - 26 Books on CD

$13.95

 Buy Product 

 

                                                            Copyright © 2003-Present, www.Legends of America.com