Pine Ridge Military Campaign


Wounded Knee Massacre

Wounded Knee Massacre

Pine Ridge (November 1890 – January 1891) – Accumulated grievances, aggravated by teachings of an Indian prophet named Wovoka, who claimed to be the Messiah, brought about this last major conflict with the Sioux. General Nelson Miles, the commander of the Department of the Missouri, responded to a Department of Interior request to check the rising ferment by ordering apprehension of the great Sioux leader, Sitting Bull, who was killed during the attempted arrest at Standing Rock Agency on December 15, 1890. Meanwhile, large numbers of Sioux had been assembling in the Bad Lands, and a serious clash took place at Wounded Knee Creek on December 29, 1890, between Colonel James W. Forsyth’s 7th Cavalry and Chief Big Foot’s band with considerable losses on both sides. Almost half the infantry and cavalry of the Regular Army were concentrated in the area and in January 1891 the warriors were disarmed and persuaded to return peaceably to their reservations.


Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated December 2017.

Source: U.S. Army Center of Military History

Also See:

Wounded Knee Massacre

Battles and Massacres of the Indian Wars

Indian War List and Timeline

Indian Wars

Three Indian Campaigns

Indian Wars of the Frontier West by Emerson Hough


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