In the Winter of 2015, we traveled to Death Valley and ran into the town of Death Valley Junction. It has quite the story to tell.
“Outside, in the world, people struck each other, yelled, honked horns. Inside, in the theater, they conversed by singing and dancing. I knew that was where I belonged.” — Marta Becket
First called Amargosa, meaning “bitter water” in the Paiute language, this tiny town situated in the Mojave Desert, is today home to less than a half dozen people. Getting its start as a borax mining community, several historic buildings continue to stand today including the Amargosa Hotel and Opera House, which still cater to visitors.
Long used by area Indians, in the 19th century, this site began to be utilized by prospectors and area settlers. In 1907, when a post office was established, the name was changed to Death Valley Junction. However, there was very little here until 1914 when the Pacific Coast Borax Company built the Death Valley Railroad, a narrow-gauge line that operated from Ryan, California to Death Valley Junction, carrying borax. The railroad, which ran for about 20 miles from Ryan, connected up with the Tonopah & Tidewater Railroad, providing the opportunity for the Pacific Coast Borax Company to profit from the Tonopah, Goldfield, and Bullfrog booms to the north, as well as servicing their own borax mines on the eastern fringes of Death Valley.
That first year, the town gained several new businesses housed in tents, including a tent hotel, tent saloon, tent store and a few dwellings. However, the next year, the town began to grow when new mines were found in the area and a number of permanent buildings were erected. As it began to take on an air of permanence, a number of milling facilities for borax were built in the area and the town’s location made it a social center for the outlying area.
From 1923 to 1925, the Pacific Coast Borax Company constructed a number of buildings in Amargosa, hiring architect Alexander Hamilton McCulloch to design a Spanish Colonial Revival whistle-stop, which centered on a hotel, theater, and office complex building. The U-shaped complex of adobe also housed a dormitory, a store, a 23 room hotel, and dining room. A recreation hall was built at the northeast end of the complex and was used as a community center for dances, church services, movies, funerals, and town meetings. At that time, this building was known as Corkhill Hall. The town’s population peaked at about 300 people, but its heydays were short-lived.
In 1927, the Pacific Coast Borax Company moved its headquarters to a new mine closer to Los Angeles, California, and the following year, the Death Valley Railroad discontinued operations between Ryan and Death Valley Junction. Once running parallel to today’s State Route 190, the railroad’s equipment was pulled up and transferred to the United States Potash Railroad in Carlsbad, New Mexico. However, a locomotive from the railroad can still be seen at the Borax Museum at Furnace Creek in Death Valley National Park.
Though its main employer was gone, the town continued to survive as a tourist destination until the Depression, when it dropped off dramatically. However, the creation of the Death Valley National Monument in 1933 kept interest in Death Valley high and though declining, Death Valley Junction continued.
Death Valley Junction had rail service until 1940 when most everyone left and the post office was closed. Area residents then received their mail from Furnace Creek Ranch, some 30 miles away. A couple of decades later, another post office was opened in 1962, this time reverting back to the name of Amargosa.
In 1967, things once again changed for the small town when New York ballet dancer, mime, artist, and actress, Marta Becket and her husband suffered a flat tire in Death Valley.
From an early age, Marta showed amazing creative talents, including dancing, playing the piano, and artistic qualities. As a young woman, she danced at Radio City Music Hall, and on Broadway in New York City, appearing in Showboat, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn and A Wonderful Town. In 1962, she was married and soon began to tour the country.
In 1967, after months of touring, she and her husband decided to take a vacation camping in Death Valley. However, one morning, they awoke to find a flat tire on their trailer. Directed to Death Valley Junction by a park ranger to have the tire repaired, Marta began to explore the old adobe buildings while it was being fixed. Fascinated with the old buildings, she discovered the old theater and was enthralled. Peering through a small hole in the door at the back of the building, she immediately knew this place was meant for her. Later she would say, “Peering through the tiny hole, I had the distinct feeling that I was looking at the other half of myself. The building seemed to be saying…..Take me…..do something with me…I offer you life.” And, that’s exactly what she did.
Having always wanted to design her own costumes, choreograph her own dances, and create her own show, she and her husband located the town manager. The very next day, they agreed to rent the abandoned theater for $45.00 a month and assume responsibility for repairs. Originally called Corkhill Hall, she renamed the theater the Amargosa Opera House and almost a year later, on February 10th, 1968; she gave her first performance to an audience of just 12 adults.
That same year, the town’s name was once again changed to Death Valley Junction. Somewhere along the line the post office closed its doors forever, but Marta Becket and the Opera House continue to welcome visitors today.