From the beginning of time, people have been creating paintings and other
visual arts to tell their stories and document history. Art history,
itself includes numerous genres, designs, formats, and styles, including
the “major” arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture as well as the
"minor" arts of ceramics, furniture, and other decorative objects.
focus of these pages are on the “major” artists who helped to document
American History. After the Declaration of Independence in 1776, which
marked the official beginning of the American national identity, the new
nation began to express its history in paintings, portraits, and other
forms. Painters such as Gilbert Stuart made portraits of the newly elected
government officials, while men such as John Trumbull depicted the
American Revolution in a number of works.