Legends Of America
Since 2003
Why am I seeing the old web design?

Legends of America

 

 Tip Jar

Legends Facebook Page    Legends on Pinterest    Legends on Twitter
 

American HistoryAMERICAN HISTORY

Historic Artists in America's History

Bookmark and Share
 

Charles M. Russell working in his studio in Great Falls, Montana.From the beginning of time, people have been creating paintings and other visual arts to tell their stories and document history. Art history, itself includes numerous genres, designs, formats, and styles, including the “major” arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture as well as the "minor" arts of ceramics, furniture, and other decorative objects.

The focus of these pages are on the “major” artists who helped to document American History. After the Declaration of Independence in 1776, which marked the official beginning of the American national identity, the new nation began to express its history in paintings, portraits, and other forms. Painters such as Gilbert Stuart made portraits of the newly elected government officials, while men such as John Trumbull depicted the American Revolution in a number of works.

Though art took its various forms, most paintings in early America were dominated by portraiture. However, thanks to men such as John Singleton Copley and Benjamin West, narrative painting styles later grew in popularity depicting not only historical personages, but also figures in action and pictorial compositions.

In the late 18th and 19th centuries, artists primarily painted landscapes and portraits in a realistic style. The American Academy of the Fine Arts in New York was the first major American art academy, established in 1802. When the United States began to expand in earnest during the 19th century, numerous artists made names for themselves conveying the sheer size of the land and the cultures of the native people living on it. Some of these included Charles Marion Russell and Frederic Remington, while some artists, such as George Catlin broke from traditional styles of depicting landscapes, focused on the Native Americans of the west.

Early twentieth century marked an era of beginnings and endings in America, as many artists went to Europe to study and paint, bringing back a number of various styles and formats.

 

Historic Artists:

 

Thomas Hart Benton (1889-1975) - An American painter and muralist, his fluid, almost sculpted paintings showed everyday scenes of life in the United States.

 

Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902) - A German-American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American West. In obtaining the subject matter for these works, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion. Though not the first artist to record these sites, Bierstadt was the foremost painter of these scenes for the remainder of the 19th century.

 

Mary Stevenson Cassatt (1844-1926) – An American painter and printmaker, she often created images of the social and private lives of women, with particular emphasis on the intimate bonds between mothers and children.

 

George Catlin (1796-1872) - An American painter, author and traveler who specialized in portraits of Native Americans in the Old West.

 

John Singleton Copley (1738-1815) - The most famous painter of America's Colonial Period, Copley was famous for his portrait paintings of important figures in early history.

 

Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins (1844-1916) - An American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator, he is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in American art history.


Thomas Hill (1829-1908) – An American artist of the 19th century, Hill produced many fine paintings of the California landscape, in particular of the Yosemite Valley, as well as the White Mountains of New Hampshire.

 

 

 

William Keith (1838-1911) - A Scottish-American painter famous for his California landscapes, Keith painted large, grandiose landscapes of California.


Thomas Moran (1837-1926) - An American painter and printmaker, his work often featured the Rocky Mountains.

 

Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986) ­ Known as the greatest American woman artist of the 20th century, her paintings are noted for their abstract colors and shapes in depicting flowers, nature and the American landscapes.

 

Frederic Sackrider Remington (1861-1909) - An American painter, illustrator, sculptor, and writer who specialized in depictions of the Old American West, specifically concentrating on the last quarter of the 19th century American Westand images of cowboys, American Indians, and the U. S. Cavalry.

 

Norman Percevel Rockwell (1894-1978) - A 20th-century American painter and illustrator, his works have enjoyed a broad appeal in the United States, where he is most famous for the cover illustrations of everyday life scenarios he created for The Saturday Evening Post.

 

Norman Rockwell Self Portrait

Triple self-portrait by Norman Rockwell, appeared as the cover of the The Saturday Evening Post,

February 13, 1960. Original at the Norman Rockwell Museum in  Stockbridge, Massachusetts.

 

Charles Marion Russell (1864-1926) - An artist of the Old American West, Russell created more than 2,000 paintings of cowboys Indians, and landscapes set in the Western United States, in addition to bronze sculptures. Known as “the cowboy artist,” Russell was also a storyteller and author.


Gilbert Charles Stuart (1755-1828) - An American painter from Rhode Island, Stuart was declared the "Father of American Portraiture" by his contemporaries because he portrayed virtually all the notable men and women of the Federal period in the United States.

 

Henry Ossawa Tanner (1859-1937) - An African American artist best known for his style of painting and the African American painter to gain international acclaim.

 

William Brooke Thomas Trego (1858–1909) - An American painter best known for his historical military subjects, in particular scenes of the American Revolution and Civil War.


John Trumbull (1746-1843) - An American artist during the period of the American Revolution, who was notable for his historical paintings of the time.

 

 

 

Compiled by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated May, 2017.

 

From Legends' Photo Shop

Legends Photo Prints and DownloadsPhoto Print Shop - Travel the trails of American History with our many photographs!  Just take a look at our galleries or purchase prints or downloads at very reasonable prices! Here, you'll see images of Route 66, Ghost Towns, scenic and historic views, roadside stops, and lots more. We also provide hundreds of vintage images that can be used for personal or commercial purposes.

See Legends Photo Shop Galleries

Photo prints and downloads from Legend's Photo Shop

 

  About Us      Contact Us       Article/Photo Use      Guestbook      Legends Of Kansas      Photo Blog     Writing Credits     

Copyright © 2003-Present, Legends of America