Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868

Indian Chiefs

Spotted Tail, Roman Nose, Old Man Afraid of His  Horses, Lone Horn, Whistling Elk, Pipe and Slow Bull at Fort Laramie, Wyoming in 1868.

Article 14

It is agreed that the sum of five hundred dollars annually, for three years from date, shall be expended in presents to the ten persons of said tribe who in the judgment of the agent may grow the most valuable crops for the respective year.

Article 15

The Indians herein named agree that when the agency-house or other buildings shall be constructed on the reservation named, they will regard said reservation their permanent home, and they will make no permanent settlement elsewhere; but they shall have the right, subject to the conditions and modifications of this treaty, to hunt, as stipulated in Article 11 hereof.

Article 16

The United States hereby agrees and stipulates that the country north of the North Platte River and east of the summits of the Big Horn Mountains shall be held and considered to be unceded Indian territory, and also stipulates and agrees that no white person or persons shall be permitted to settle upon or occupy any portion of the same; or without the consent of the Indians first had and obtained, to pass through the same; and it is further agreed by the United States that within ninety days after the conclusion of peace with all the bands of the Sioux Nation, the military posts now established in the territory in this Article named shall be abandoned, and that the road leading to them and by them to the settlements in the Territory of Montana shall be closed.

Article 17

It is hereby expressly understood and agreed by and between the respective parties to this treaty that the execution of this treaty and its ratification by the United States Senate shall have the effect, and shall be construed as abrogating and annulling all treaties and agreements heretofore entered into between the respective parties hereto, so far as such treaties and agreements obligate the United States to furnish and provide money, clothing, or other Articles of property to such Indians and bands of Indians as become parties to this treaty, but no further.

In testimony of all which, we, the said commissioners, and we, the chiefs and headmen of the Brulé’ band of the Sioux Nation, have hereunto set our hands and seals at Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory, this twenty-ninth day of April, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight.

Chief Spotted Tail

Brule Sioux Chief Spotted Tail. Click for prints, downloads and products.

Ma-za-pon-kaska, Iron Shell
Wah-pat-shah, Red Leaf
Hah-sah-pah, Black Horn
Zin-tah-gah-lat-skah, Spotted Tail
Zin-tah-skah, White Tail
Me-wah-tah-ne-ho-skah, Tall Mandas
She-cha-chat-kah, Bad Left Hand
No-mah-no-pah, Two and Two
Tah-tonka-skah, White Bull
Con-ra-washta, Pretty Coon
Ha-cah-cah-she-chah, Bad Elk
Wa-ha-ka-zah-ish-tah, Eye Lance
Ma-to-ha-ke-tah, Bear that looks behind
Bella-tonka-tonka, Big Partisan
Mah-to-ho-honka, Swift Bear
To-wis-ne, Cold Place
Ish-tah-skah, White Eyes
Ma-ta-loo-zah, Fast Bear
As-hah-kah-nah-zhe, Standing Elk
Can-te-te-ki-ya, The Brave Heart
Shunka-shaton, Day Hawk
Tatanka-wakon, his Sacred Bull
Mapia shaton, Hawk Cloud
Ma-sba-a-ow, Stands and Comes
Shon-ka-ton-ka, Big Dog


Ashton S. H. White, Secretary of Commission
George B. Withs, Phonographer to Commission
Geo. H. Holtzman
John D. Howlana
James C. O’Connor
Chas. E. Guern, Interpreter
Leon F. Pallardy, Interpreter
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter

Executed on the part of the Ogallalah band of Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized, at Fort Laramie, the 25th day of May, 1868.

Old Man Afraid of His Horse

Tah-shun-ka-co-qui-pah, Old Man Afraid of His Horse

Tah-shun-ka-co-qui-pah, Old Man Afraid of His Horse
Sha-ton-skah, White Hawk
Sha-ton-sapah, Black Hawk
E-ga-mon-ton-ka-sapah, Black Tiger
Oh-wah-she-cha, Bad Wound
Pah-gee, Grass
Wah-non-reh-che-geh, Ghost Hear
Con-reeh, Crow
Oh-he-te-kah, The Brave
Tah-ton-kah-he-yo-ta-kah, Sitting Bull
Shon-ka-oh-wah-mon-ye, Whirlwind Dog
Ha-hah-kah-tah-mieeh, Poor Elk
Wam-bu-lee-wah-kon, Medicine Eagle
Chon-gah-ma-he-to-hans-ka, High Wolf
Wah-se-chun-ta-sbun-kah, American Horse
Mah-hah-mah-ha-mak-near, Man that walks under the ground
Mah-to-tow-pah, Four Bears
Ma-to-wee-sha-kta, One that kills the bear
Oh-tah-kee-toka-wee-chakta, One that kills in a hard place
Tah-ton-kah-ta-mieeh, The Poor Bull
Oh-huns-ee-ga-non-sken, Mad Shade
Shah-ton-oh-nah-om-minne-ne-oh-minne, Whirling Hawk

Chief American Horse, 1900

Wah-se-chun-ta-sbun-kah, Oglala Sioux Chief American Horse, 1900. Click for prints, downloads and products.

Mah-to-ehun-ka-oh, Bear’s Back
Che-ton-wee-koh, Fool Hawk
Wah-hoh-ke-za-ah-hah, One that has the lance
Shon-gah-manni-toh-tan-ka-seh, Big Wolf Foot
Eh-ton-kah,  ,Big Mouth
Ma-pah-che-tah, Bad Hand
Wah-ke-yun-shah, Red Thunder
Wak-sah, One that Cuts Off
Cham-nom-qui-yah, One that Presents the Pipe
Wah-ke-ke-yan-puh-tah, Fire Thunder
Mah-to-nonk-pah-ze, Bear with Yellow Ears
Con-ree-teh-ka, The Little Crow
He-hup-pah-toh, The Blue War Club
Shon-kee-toh, The Blue Horse
Wam-Balla-oh-con-quo, Quick Eagle
Ta-tonka-suppa, Black Bull
Moh-to-ha-she-na, The Bear Hide


S. E. Ward
Jas. C. O’Connor
J. M. Sherwood
W. C. Slicer
Sam Deon
H. M. Matthews
Joseph Bissonette, Interpreter
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Lefroy Jott, Interpreter
Antoine Janis, Interpreter

Executed on the part of the Minneconjou band of Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

At Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory, May 26,18 68, 13 names.

Heh-won-ge-chat, One Horn
Oh-pon-ah-tah-e-manne, The Elk that bellows Walking

At Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory, May 25, 1868, 2 names

Heh-ho-lah-reh-cha-skah, Young White Bull
Wah chah chum kah coh kee-pah, One that is afraid of Shield
He-hon-ne-shakta, The Old Owl
Moc-pe-a-toh, Blue Cloud
Oh-pong-ge-le-skah, Spotted Elk
Tah-tonk-ka-hon-ke-schne, Slow Bull
Shonk-a-nee-shah-shah-a-tah-pe, The Dog Chief
Ma-to-tah-ta-tonk-ka, Bull Bear
Wom-beh-le-ton-kah, The Big Eagle
Ma-toh-eh-schne-lah, The Lone Bear
Mah-toh-ke-su-yah, The One who Remembers the Bear
Ma-toh-oh-he-to-keh, The Brave Bear
Eh-che-ma-heh, The Runner
Ti-ki-ya, The Hard. He-ma-za, Iron Horn


Jas. C. O’Connor
Wm. H. Brown
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Antoine Janis, Interpreter

Executed on the part of the Yanctonais band of Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

Mah-to-non-pah, Two Bears
Ma-to-hna-skin-ya, Mad Bear
He-o-pu-za, Louzy
Ah-ke-che-tah-che-ca-dan, Little Soldier
Mah-to-e-tan-chan, Chief Bear
Cu-wi-h-win, Rotten Stomach
Skun-ka-we-tko, Fool Dog
Ish-ta-sap-pah, Black Eye
Ih-tan-chan, The Chief
I-a-wi-ca-ka, The one who Tells the Truth
Ah-ke-che-tah, The Soldier
Ta-shi-na-gi, Yellow Robe
Nah-pe-ton-ka, Big Hand
Chan-tee-we-kto, Fool Heart
Hoh-gan-sah-pa, Black Catfish
Mah-to-wah-kan, Medicine Bear
Shun-ka-kan-sha, Red Horse
Wan-rode, The Eagle
Can-hpi-sa-pa, Black Tomahawk
War-he-le-re, Yellow Eagle
Cha-ton-che-ca, Small Hawk, or Long Fare
Shu-ger-mon-e-too-ha-ska, Tall Wolf
Ma-to-u-tah-kah, Sitting Bear
Hi-ha-cah-ge-na-skene, Mad Elk


Little Chief
Tall Bear
Top Man
The Wounded Bear
The Fox
The Dog Big Mouth
Spotted Wolf
Sorrel Horse
Black Coal
Big Wolf
Black Crow
The Lone Old Man
Black Bull
Big Track
The Foot
Black White
Yellow Hair
Little Shield
Black Bear
Wolf Mocassin
Big Robe
Wolf Chief


Robert P. McKibbin, Captain Fourth Infantry, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, U. S. Army, commanding Fort Laramie
Wm. H. Powell, Brevet Major, Captain, Fourth Infantry
Henry W. Patterson, Captain, Fourth Infantry
Theo. E. True, Second Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry
W. G. Bullock
Chas. E. Guern, special Indian interpreter for the peace commission

Fort Laramie, Wg. T., Nov. 6, 1868

Chief Red Cloud

Makh-pi-ah-lu-tah, Oglala Sioux Chief Red Cloud

Makh-pi-ah-lu-tah, Red Cloud
Wa-ki-ah-we-cha-shah, Thunder Man
Ma-zah-zah-geh, Iron Cane
Wa-umble-why-wa-ka-tuyah, High Eagle
Ko-ke-pah, Man Afraid
Wa-ki-ah-wa-kou-ah, Thunder Flying Running


W. McE. Dye, Brevet Colonel, U. S. Army, commanding
A. B. Cain, Captain, Fourth Infantry, Brevet Major, U. S. Army
Robt. P. McKibbin, Captain, Fourth Infantry, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, U. S. Army.
Jno. Miller, Captain, Fourth Infantry
G. L. Luhn, First Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry, Brevet Captain, U. S. Army
H. C. Sloan, Second Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry
Whittingham Cox, First Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry
A. W. Vogdes, First Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry
Butler D. Price, Second Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry

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